root/vm_mips.dasc

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|// Low-level VM code for MIPS CPUs.
|// Bytecode interpreter, fast functions and helper functions.
|// Copyright (C) 2005-2017 Mike Pall. See Copyright Notice in luajit.h
|
|.arch mips
|.section code_op, code_sub
|
|.actionlist build_actionlist
|.globals GLOB_
|.globalnames globnames
|.externnames extnames
|
|// Note: The ragged indentation of the instructions is intentional.
|//       The starting columns indicate data dependencies.
|
|//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
|
|// Fixed register assignments for the interpreter.
|// Don't use: r0 = 0, r26/r27 = reserved, r28 = gp, r29 = sp, r31 = ra
|
|// The following must be C callee-save (but BASE is often refetched).
|.define BASE,          r16     // Base of current Lua stack frame.
|.define KBASE,         r17     // Constants of current Lua function.
|.define PC,            r18     // Next PC.
|.define DISPATCH,      r19     // Opcode dispatch table.
|.define LREG,          r20     // Register holding lua_State (also in SAVE_L).
|.define MULTRES,       r21     // Size of multi-result: (nresults+1)*8.
|// NYI: r22 currently unused.
|
|.define JGL,           r30     // On-trace: global_State + 32768.
|
|// Constants for type-comparisons, stores and conversions. C callee-save.
|.define TISNIL,        r30
|.define TOBIT,         f30     // 2^52 + 2^51.
|
|// The following temporaries are not saved across C calls, except for RA.
|.define RA,            r23     // Callee-save.
|.define RB,            r8
|.define RC,            r9
|.define RD,            r10
|.define INS,           r11
|
|.define AT,            r1      // Assembler temporary.
|.define TMP0,          r12
|.define TMP1,          r13
|.define TMP2,          r14
|.define TMP3,          r15
|
|// Calling conventions.
|.define CFUNCADDR,     r25
|.define CARG1,         r4
|.define CARG2,         r5
|.define CARG3,         r6
|.define CARG4,         r7
|
|.define CRET1,         r2
|.define CRET2,         r3
|
|.define FARG1,         f12
|.define FARG2,         f14
|
|.define FRET1,         f0
|.define FRET2,         f2
|
|// Stack layout while in interpreter. Must match with lj_frame.h.
|.define CFRAME_SPACE,  112     // Delta for sp.
|
|.define SAVE_ERRF,     124(sp) // 32 bit C frame info.
|.define SAVE_NRES,     120(sp)
|.define SAVE_CFRAME,   116(sp)
|.define SAVE_L,        112(sp)
|//----- 8 byte aligned, ^^^^ 16 byte register save area, owned by interpreter.
|.define SAVE_GPR_,     72      // .. 72+10*4: 32 bit GPR saves.
|.define SAVE_FPR_,     24      // .. 24+6*8: 64 bit FPR saves.
|.define SAVE_PC,       20(sp)
|.define ARG5,          16(sp)
|.define CSAVE_4,       12(sp)
|.define CSAVE_3,       8(sp)
|.define CSAVE_2,       4(sp)
|.define CSAVE_1,       0(sp)
|//----- 8 byte aligned, ^^^^ 16 byte register save area, owned by callee.
|
|.define ARG5_OFS,      16
|.define SAVE_MULTRES,  ARG5
|
|.macro saveregs
|  addiu sp, sp, -CFRAME_SPACE
|  sw ra, SAVE_GPR_+9*4(sp)
|  sw r30, SAVE_GPR_+8*4(sp)
|   sdc1 f30, SAVE_FPR_+5*8(sp)
|  sw r23, SAVE_GPR_+7*4(sp)
|  sw r22, SAVE_GPR_+6*4(sp)
|   sdc1 f28, SAVE_FPR_+4*8(sp)
|  sw r21, SAVE_GPR_+5*4(sp)
|  sw r20, SAVE_GPR_+4*4(sp)
|   sdc1 f26, SAVE_FPR_+3*8(sp)
|  sw r19, SAVE_GPR_+3*4(sp)
|  sw r18, SAVE_GPR_+2*4(sp)
|   sdc1 f24, SAVE_FPR_+2*8(sp)
|  sw r17, SAVE_GPR_+1*4(sp)
|  sw r16, SAVE_GPR_+0*4(sp)
|   sdc1 f22, SAVE_FPR_+1*8(sp)
|   sdc1 f20, SAVE_FPR_+0*8(sp)
|.endmacro
|
|.macro restoreregs_ret
|  lw ra, SAVE_GPR_+9*4(sp)
|  lw r30, SAVE_GPR_+8*4(sp)
|   ldc1 f30, SAVE_FPR_+5*8(sp)
|  lw r23, SAVE_GPR_+7*4(sp)
|  lw r22, SAVE_GPR_+6*4(sp)
|   ldc1 f28, SAVE_FPR_+4*8(sp)
|  lw r21, SAVE_GPR_+5*4(sp)
|  lw r20, SAVE_GPR_+4*4(sp)
|   ldc1 f26, SAVE_FPR_+3*8(sp)
|  lw r19, SAVE_GPR_+3*4(sp)
|  lw r18, SAVE_GPR_+2*4(sp)
|   ldc1 f24, SAVE_FPR_+2*8(sp)
|  lw r17, SAVE_GPR_+1*4(sp)
|  lw r16, SAVE_GPR_+0*4(sp)
|   ldc1 f22, SAVE_FPR_+1*8(sp)
|   ldc1 f20, SAVE_FPR_+0*8(sp)
|  jr ra
|  addiu sp, sp, CFRAME_SPACE
|.endmacro
|
|// Type definitions. Some of these are only used for documentation.
|.type L,               lua_State,      LREG
|.type GL,              global_State
|.type TVALUE,          TValue
|.type GCOBJ,           GCobj
|.type STR,             GCstr
|.type TAB,             GCtab
|.type LFUNC,           GCfuncL
|.type CFUNC,           GCfuncC
|.type PROTO,           GCproto
|.type UPVAL,           GCupval
|.type NODE,            Node
|.type NARGS8,          int
|.type TRACE,           GCtrace
|
|//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
|
|// Trap for not-yet-implemented parts.
|.macro NYI; .long 0xf0f0f0f0; .endmacro
|
|// Macros to mark delay slots.
|.macro ., a; a; .endmacro
|.macro ., a,b; a,b; .endmacro
|.macro ., a,b,c; a,b,c; .endmacro
|
|//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
|
|// Endian-specific defines.
|.define FRAME_PC,      LJ_ENDIAN_SELECT(-4,-8)
|.define FRAME_FUNC,    LJ_ENDIAN_SELECT(-8,-4)
|.define HI,            LJ_ENDIAN_SELECT(4,0)
|.define LO,            LJ_ENDIAN_SELECT(0,4)
|.define OFS_RD,        LJ_ENDIAN_SELECT(2,0)
|.define OFS_RA,        LJ_ENDIAN_SELECT(1,2)
|.define OFS_OP,        LJ_ENDIAN_SELECT(0,3)
|
|// Instruction decode.
|.macro decode_OP1, dst, ins; andi dst, ins, 0xff; .endmacro
|.macro decode_OP4a, dst, ins; andi dst, ins, 0xff; .endmacro
|.macro decode_OP4b, dst; sll dst, dst, 2; .endmacro
|.macro decode_RC4a, dst, ins; srl dst, ins, 14; .endmacro
|.macro decode_RC4b, dst; andi dst, dst, 0x3fc; .endmacro
|.macro decode_RD4b, dst; sll dst, dst, 2; .endmacro
|.macro decode_RA8a, dst, ins; srl dst, ins, 5; .endmacro
|.macro decode_RA8b, dst; andi dst, dst, 0x7f8; .endmacro
|.macro decode_RB8a, dst, ins; srl dst, ins, 21; .endmacro
|.macro decode_RB8b, dst; andi dst, dst, 0x7f8; .endmacro
|.macro decode_RD8a, dst, ins; srl dst, ins, 16; .endmacro
|.macro decode_RD8b, dst; sll dst, dst, 3; .endmacro
|.macro decode_RDtoRC8, dst, src; andi dst, src, 0x7f8; .endmacro
|
|// Instruction fetch.
|.macro ins_NEXT1
|  lw INS, 0(PC)
|   addiu PC, PC, 4
|.endmacro
|// Instruction decode+dispatch.
|.macro ins_NEXT2
|  decode_OP4a TMP1, INS
|  decode_OP4b TMP1
|  addu TMP0, DISPATCH, TMP1
|   decode_RD8a RD, INS
|  lw AT, 0(TMP0)
|   decode_RA8a RA, INS
|   decode_RD8b RD
|  jr AT
|   decode_RA8b RA
|.endmacro
|.macro ins_NEXT
|  ins_NEXT1
|  ins_NEXT2
|.endmacro
|
|// Instruction footer.
|.if 1
|  // Replicated dispatch. Less unpredictable branches, but higher I-Cache use.
|  .define ins_next, ins_NEXT
|  .define ins_next_, ins_NEXT
|  .define ins_next1, ins_NEXT1
|  .define ins_next2, ins_NEXT2
|.else
|  // Common dispatch. Lower I-Cache use, only one (very) unpredictable branch.
|  // Affects only certain kinds of benchmarks (and only with -j off).
|  .macro ins_next
|    b ->ins_next
|  .endmacro
|  .macro ins_next1
|  .endmacro
|  .macro ins_next2
|    b ->ins_next
|  .endmacro
|  .macro ins_next_
|  ->ins_next:
|    ins_NEXT
|  .endmacro
|.endif
|
|// Call decode and dispatch.
|.macro ins_callt
|  // BASE = new base, RB = LFUNC/CFUNC, RC = nargs*8, FRAME_PC(BASE) = PC
|  lw PC, LFUNC:RB->pc
|  lw INS, 0(PC)
|   addiu PC, PC, 4
|  decode_OP4a TMP1, INS
|   decode_RA8a RA, INS
|  decode_OP4b TMP1
|   decode_RA8b RA
|  addu TMP0, DISPATCH, TMP1
|  lw TMP0, 0(TMP0)
|  jr TMP0
|   addu RA, RA, BASE
|.endmacro
|
|.macro ins_call
|  // BASE = new base, RB = LFUNC/CFUNC, RC = nargs*8, PC = caller PC
|  sw PC, FRAME_PC(BASE)
|  ins_callt
|.endmacro
|
|//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
|
|.macro branch_RD
|  srl TMP0, RD, 1
|  lui AT, (-(BCBIAS_J*4 >> 16) & 65535)
|  addu TMP0, TMP0, AT
|  addu PC, PC, TMP0
|.endmacro
|
|// Assumes DISPATCH is relative to GL.
#define DISPATCH_GL(field)      (GG_DISP2G + (int)offsetof(global_State, field))
#define DISPATCH_J(field)       (GG_DISP2J + (int)offsetof(jit_State, field))
#define GG_DISP2GOT             (GG_OFS(got) - GG_OFS(dispatch))
#define DISPATCH_GOT(name)      (GG_DISP2GOT + 4*LJ_GOT_##name)
|
#define PC2PROTO(field)  ((int)offsetof(GCproto, field)-(int)sizeof(GCproto))
|
|.macro load_got, func
|  lw CFUNCADDR, DISPATCH_GOT(func)(DISPATCH)
|.endmacro
|// Much faster. Sadly, there's no easy way to force the required code layout.
|// .macro call_intern, func; bal extern func; .endmacro
|.macro call_intern, func; jalr CFUNCADDR; .endmacro
|.macro call_extern; jalr CFUNCADDR; .endmacro
|.macro jmp_extern; jr CFUNCADDR; .endmacro
|
|.macro hotcheck, delta, target
|  srl TMP1, PC, 1
|  andi TMP1, TMP1, 126
|  addu TMP1, TMP1, DISPATCH
|  lhu TMP2, GG_DISP2HOT(TMP1)
|  addiu TMP2, TMP2, -delta
|  bltz TMP2, target
|.  sh TMP2, GG_DISP2HOT(TMP1)
|.endmacro
|
|.macro hotloop
|  hotcheck HOTCOUNT_LOOP, ->vm_hotloop
|.endmacro
|
|.macro hotcall
|  hotcheck HOTCOUNT_CALL, ->vm_hotcall
|.endmacro
|
|// Set current VM state. Uses TMP0.
|.macro li_vmstate, st; li TMP0, ~LJ_VMST_..st; .endmacro
|.macro st_vmstate; sw TMP0, DISPATCH_GL(vmstate)(DISPATCH); .endmacro
|
|// Move table write barrier back. Overwrites mark and tmp.
|.macro barrierback, tab, mark, tmp, target
|  lw tmp, DISPATCH_GL(gc.grayagain)(DISPATCH)
|   andi mark, mark, ~LJ_GC_BLACK & 255         // black2gray(tab)
|  sw tab, DISPATCH_GL(gc.grayagain)(DISPATCH)
|   sb mark, tab->marked
|  b target
|.  sw tmp, tab->gclist
|.endmacro
|
|//-----------------------------------------------------------------------

/* Generate subroutines used by opcodes and other parts of the VM. */
/* The .code_sub section should be last to help static branch prediction. */
static void build_subroutines(BuildCtx *ctx)
{
  |.code_sub
  |
  |//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
  |//-- Return handling ----------------------------------------------------
  |//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
  |
  |->vm_returnp:
  |  // See vm_return. Also: TMP2 = previous base.
  |  andi AT, PC, FRAME_P
  |  beqz AT, ->cont_dispatch
  |.  li TMP1, LJ_TTRUE
  |
  |  // Return from pcall or xpcall fast func.
  |  lw PC, FRAME_PC(TMP2)              // Fetch PC of previous frame.
  |  move BASE, TMP2                    // Restore caller base.
  |  // Prepending may overwrite the pcall frame, so do it at the end.
  |   sw TMP1, FRAME_PC(RA)             // Prepend true to results.
  |   addiu RA, RA, -8
  |
  |->vm_returnc:
  |   addiu RD, RD, 8                   // RD = (nresults+1)*8.
  |  andi TMP0, PC, FRAME_TYPE
  |   beqz RD, ->vm_unwind_c_eh
  |.   li CRET1, LUA_YIELD
  |  beqz TMP0, ->BC_RET_Z              // Handle regular return to Lua.
  |.  move MULTRES, RD
  |
  |->vm_return:
  |  // BASE = base, RA = resultptr, RD/MULTRES = (nresults+1)*8, PC = return
  |  // TMP0 = PC & FRAME_TYPE
  |   li TMP2, -8
  |  xori AT, TMP0, FRAME_C
  |   and TMP2, PC, TMP2
  |  bnez AT, ->vm_returnp
  |   subu TMP2, BASE, TMP2             // TMP2 = previous base.
  |
  |  addiu TMP1, RD, -8
  |   sw TMP2, L->base
  |    li_vmstate C
  |   lw TMP2, SAVE_NRES
  |   addiu BASE, BASE, -8
  |    st_vmstate
  |  beqz TMP1, >2
  |.   sll TMP2, TMP2, 3
  |1:
  |  addiu TMP1, TMP1, -8
  |   ldc1 f0, 0(RA)
  |    addiu RA, RA, 8
  |   sdc1 f0, 0(BASE)
  |  bnez TMP1, <1
  |.  addiu BASE, BASE, 8
  |
  |2:
  |  bne TMP2, RD, >6
  |3:
  |.  sw BASE, L->top                   // Store new top.
  |
  |->vm_leave_cp:
  |  lw TMP0, SAVE_CFRAME               // Restore previous C frame.
  |   move CRET1, r0                    // Ok return status for vm_pcall.
  |  sw TMP0, L->cframe
  |
  |->vm_leave_unw:
  |  restoreregs_ret
  |
  |6:
  |  lw TMP1, L->maxstack
  |  slt AT, TMP2, RD
  |  bnez AT, >7                        // Less results wanted?
  |  // More results wanted. Check stack size and fill up results with nil.
  |.  slt AT, BASE, TMP1
  |  beqz AT, >8
  |.  nop
  |  sw TISNIL, HI(BASE)
  |  addiu RD, RD, 8
  |  b <2
  |.  addiu BASE, BASE, 8
  |
  |7:  // Less results wanted.
  |  subu TMP0, RD, TMP2
  |  subu TMP0, BASE, TMP0              // Either keep top or shrink it.
  |  b <3
  |.  movn BASE, TMP0, TMP2             // LUA_MULTRET+1 case?
  |
  |8:  // Corner case: need to grow stack for filling up results.
  |  // This can happen if:
  |  // - A C function grows the stack (a lot).
  |  // - The GC shrinks the stack in between.
  |  // - A return back from a lua_call() with (high) nresults adjustment.
  |  load_got lj_state_growstack
  |   move MULTRES, RD
  |  srl CARG2, TMP2, 3
  |  call_intern lj_state_growstack     // (lua_State *L, int n)
  |.  move CARG1, L
  |    lw TMP2, SAVE_NRES
  |  lw BASE, L->top                    // Need the (realloced) L->top in BASE.
  |   move RD, MULTRES
  |  b <2
  |.   sll TMP2, TMP2, 3
  |
  |->vm_unwind_c:                       // Unwind C stack, return from vm_pcall.
  |  // (void *cframe, int errcode)
  |  move sp, CARG1
  |  move CRET1, CARG2
  |->vm_unwind_c_eh:                    // Landing pad for external unwinder.
  |  lw L, SAVE_L
  |   li TMP0, ~LJ_VMST_C
  |  lw GL:TMP1, L->glref
  |  b ->vm_leave_unw
  |.  sw TMP0, GL:TMP1->vmstate
  |
  |->vm_unwind_ff:                      // Unwind C stack, return from ff pcall.
  |  // (void *cframe)
  |  li AT, -4
  |  and sp, CARG1, AT
  |->vm_unwind_ff_eh:                   // Landing pad for external unwinder.
  |  lw L, SAVE_L
  |     lui TMP3, 0x59c0                // TOBIT = 2^52 + 2^51 (float).
  |     li TISNIL, LJ_TNIL
  |  lw BASE, L->base
  |   lw DISPATCH, L->glref             // Setup pointer to dispatch table.
  |     mtc1 TMP3, TOBIT
  |  li TMP1, LJ_TFALSE
  |    li_vmstate INTERP
  |  lw PC, FRAME_PC(BASE)              // Fetch PC of previous frame.
  |     cvt.d.s TOBIT, TOBIT
  |  addiu RA, BASE, -8                 // Results start at BASE-8.
  |   addiu DISPATCH, DISPATCH, GG_G2DISP
  |  sw TMP1, HI(RA)                    // Prepend false to error message.
  |    st_vmstate
  |  b ->vm_returnc
  |.  li RD, 16                         // 2 results: false + error message.
  |
  |//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
  |//-- Grow stack for calls -----------------------------------------------
  |//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
  |
  |->vm_growstack_c:                    // Grow stack for C function.
  |  b >2
  |.  li CARG2, LUA_MINSTACK
  |
  |->vm_growstack_l:                    // Grow stack for Lua function.
  |  // BASE = new base, RA = BASE+framesize*8, RC = nargs*8, PC = first PC
  |  addu RC, BASE, RC
  |   subu RA, RA, BASE
  |  sw BASE, L->base
  |   addiu PC, PC, 4                   // Must point after first instruction.
  |  sw RC, L->top
  |   srl CARG2, RA, 3
  |2:
  |  // L->base = new base, L->top = top
  |  load_got lj_state_growstack
  |   sw PC, SAVE_PC
  |  call_intern lj_state_growstack     // (lua_State *L, int n)
  |.  move CARG1, L
  |  lw BASE, L->base
  |  lw RC, L->top
  |  lw LFUNC:RB, FRAME_FUNC(BASE)
  |  subu RC, RC, BASE
  |  // BASE = new base, RB = LFUNC/CFUNC, RC = nargs*8, FRAME_PC(BASE) = PC
  |  ins_callt                          // Just retry the call.
  |
  |//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
  |//-- Entry points into the assembler VM ---------------------------------
  |//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
  |
  |->vm_resume:                         // Setup C frame and resume thread.
  |  // (lua_State *L, TValue *base, int nres1 = 0, ptrdiff_t ef = 0)
  |  saveregs
  |  move L, CARG1
  |    lw DISPATCH, L->glref            // Setup pointer to dispatch table.
  |  move BASE, CARG2
  |    lbu TMP1, L->status
  |   sw L, SAVE_L
  |  li PC, FRAME_CP
  |  addiu TMP0, sp, CFRAME_RESUME
  |    addiu DISPATCH, DISPATCH, GG_G2DISP
  |   sw r0, SAVE_NRES
  |   sw r0, SAVE_ERRF
  |  sw TMP0, L->cframe
  |   sw r0, SAVE_CFRAME
  |    beqz TMP1, >3
  |.  sw CARG1, SAVE_PC         // Any value outside of bytecode is ok.
  |
  |  // Resume after yield (like a return).
  |  move RA, BASE
  |   lw BASE, L->base
  |   lw TMP1, L->top
  |  lw PC, FRAME_PC(BASE)
  |     lui TMP3, 0x59c0                // TOBIT = 2^52 + 2^51 (float).
  |   subu RD, TMP1, BASE
  |     mtc1 TMP3, TOBIT
  |    sb r0, L->status
  |     cvt.d.s TOBIT, TOBIT
  |    li_vmstate INTERP
  |   addiu RD, RD, 8
  |    st_vmstate
  |   move MULTRES, RD
  |  andi TMP0, PC, FRAME_TYPE
  |  beqz TMP0, ->BC_RET_Z
  |.    li TISNIL, LJ_TNIL
  |  b ->vm_return
  |.  nop
  |
  |->vm_pcall:                          // Setup protected C frame and enter VM.
  |  // (lua_State *L, TValue *base, int nres1, ptrdiff_t ef)
  |  saveregs
  |  sw CARG4, SAVE_ERRF
  |  b >1
  |.  li PC, FRAME_CP
  |
  |->vm_call:                           // Setup C frame and enter VM.
  |  // (lua_State *L, TValue *base, int nres1)
  |  saveregs
  |  li PC, FRAME_C
  |
  |1:  // Entry point for vm_pcall above (PC = ftype).
  |  lw TMP1, L:CARG1->cframe
  |   sw CARG3, SAVE_NRES
  |    move L, CARG1
  |   sw CARG1, SAVE_L
  |    move BASE, CARG2
  |  sw sp, L->cframe                   // Add our C frame to cframe chain.
  |    lw DISPATCH, L->glref            // Setup pointer to dispatch table.
  |   sw CARG1, SAVE_PC         // Any value outside of bytecode is ok.
  |  sw TMP1, SAVE_CFRAME
  |    addiu DISPATCH, DISPATCH, GG_G2DISP
  |
  |3:  // Entry point for vm_cpcall/vm_resume (BASE = base, PC = ftype).
  |  lw TMP2, L->base                   // TMP2 = old base (used in vmeta_call).
  |     lui TMP3, 0x59c0                // TOBIT = 2^52 + 2^51 (float).
  |   lw TMP1, L->top
  |     mtc1 TMP3, TOBIT
  |  addu PC, PC, BASE
  |   subu NARGS8:RC, TMP1, BASE
  |  subu PC, PC, TMP2                  // PC = frame delta + frame type
  |     cvt.d.s TOBIT, TOBIT
  |    li_vmstate INTERP
  |     li TISNIL, LJ_TNIL
  |    st_vmstate
  |
  |->vm_call_dispatch:
  |  // TMP2 = old base, BASE = new base, RC = nargs*8, PC = caller PC
  |  lw TMP0, FRAME_PC(BASE)
  |  li AT, LJ_TFUNC
  |  bne TMP0, AT, ->vmeta_call
  |.  lw LFUNC:RB, FRAME_FUNC(BASE)
  |
  |->vm_call_dispatch_f:
  |  ins_call
  |  // BASE = new base, RB = func, RC = nargs*8, PC = caller PC
  |
  |->vm_cpcall:                         // Setup protected C frame, call C.
  |  // (lua_State *L, lua_CFunction func, void *ud, lua_CPFunction cp)
  |  saveregs
  |  move L, CARG1
  |   lw TMP0, L:CARG1->stack
  |  sw CARG1, SAVE_L
  |   lw TMP1, L->top
  |  sw CARG1, SAVE_PC                  // Any value outside of bytecode is ok.
  |   subu TMP0, TMP0, TMP1             // Compute -savestack(L, L->top).
  |    lw TMP1, L->cframe
  |    sw sp, L->cframe                 // Add our C frame to cframe chain.
  |   sw TMP0, SAVE_NRES                // Neg. delta means cframe w/o frame.
  |  sw r0, SAVE_ERRF                   // No error function.
  |  move CFUNCADDR, CARG4
  |  jalr CARG4                 // (lua_State *L, lua_CFunction func, void *ud)
  |.   sw TMP1, SAVE_CFRAME
  |  move BASE, CRET1
  |   lw DISPATCH, L->glref             // Setup pointer to dispatch table.
  |    li PC, FRAME_CP
  |  bnez CRET1, <3                     // Else continue with the call.
  |.  addiu DISPATCH, DISPATCH, GG_G2DISP
  |  b ->vm_leave_cp                    // No base? Just remove C frame.
  |.  nop
  |
  |//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
  |//-- Metamethod handling ------------------------------------------------
  |//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
  |
  |// The lj_meta_* functions (except for lj_meta_cat) don't reallocate the
  |// stack, so BASE doesn't need to be reloaded across these calls.
  |
  |//-- Continuation dispatch ----------------------------------------------
  |
  |->cont_dispatch:
  |  // BASE = meta base, RA = resultptr, RD = (nresults+1)*8
  |  lw TMP0, -16+LO(BASE)              // Continuation.
  |   move RB, BASE
  |   move BASE, TMP2                   // Restore caller BASE.
  |    lw LFUNC:TMP1, FRAME_FUNC(TMP2)
  |.if FFI
  |  sltiu AT, TMP0, 2
  |.endif
  |     lw PC, -16+HI(RB)               // Restore PC from [cont|PC].
  |   addu TMP2, RA, RD
  |    lw TMP1, LFUNC:TMP1->pc
  |.if FFI
  |  bnez AT, >1
  |.endif
  |.  sw TISNIL, -8+HI(TMP2)            // Ensure one valid arg.
  |  // BASE = base, RA = resultptr, RB = meta base
  |  jr TMP0                            // Jump to continuation.
  |.  lw KBASE, PC2PROTO(k)(TMP1)
  |
  |.if FFI
  |1:
  |  bnez TMP0, ->cont_ffi_callback     // cont = 1: return from FFI callback.
  |  // cont = 0: tailcall from C function.
  |.  addiu TMP1, RB, -16
  |  b ->vm_call_tail
  |.  subu RC, TMP1, BASE
  |.endif
  |
  |->cont_cat:                          // RA = resultptr, RB = meta base
  |  lw INS, -4(PC)
  |   addiu CARG2, RB, -16
  |   ldc1 f0, 0(RA)
  |  decode_RB8a MULTRES, INS
  |   decode_RA8a RA, INS
  |  decode_RB8b MULTRES
  |   decode_RA8b RA
  |  addu TMP1, BASE, MULTRES
  |   sw BASE, L->base
  |   subu CARG3, CARG2, TMP1
  |  bne TMP1, CARG2, ->BC_CAT_Z
  |.  sdc1 f0, 0(CARG2)
  |  addu RA, BASE, RA
  |  b ->cont_nop
  |.  sdc1 f0, 0(RA)
  |
  |//-- Table indexing metamethods -----------------------------------------
  |
  |->vmeta_tgets1:
  |  addiu CARG3, DISPATCH, DISPATCH_GL(tmptv)
  |  li TMP0, LJ_TSTR
  |  sw STR:RC, LO(CARG3)
  |  b >1
  |.  sw TMP0, HI(CARG3)
  |
  |->vmeta_tgets:
  |  addiu CARG2, DISPATCH, DISPATCH_GL(tmptv)
  |  li TMP0, LJ_TTAB
  |  sw TAB:RB, LO(CARG2)
  |   addiu CARG3, DISPATCH, DISPATCH_GL(tmptv2)
  |  sw TMP0, HI(CARG2)
  |   li TMP1, LJ_TSTR
  |   sw STR:RC, LO(CARG3)
  |  b >1
  |.  sw TMP1, HI(CARG3)
  |
  |->vmeta_tgetb:                       // TMP0 = index
  |  mtc1 TMP0, f0
  |  cvt.d.w f0, f0
  |  addiu CARG3, DISPATCH, DISPATCH_GL(tmptv)
  |  sdc1 f0, 0(CARG3)
  |
  |->vmeta_tgetv:
  |1:
  |  load_got lj_meta_tget
  |  sw BASE, L->base
  |  sw PC, SAVE_PC
  |  call_intern lj_meta_tget           // (lua_State *L, TValue *o, TValue *k)
  |.  move CARG1, L
  |  // Returns TValue * (finished) or NULL (metamethod).
  |  beqz CRET1, >3
  |.  addiu TMP1, BASE, -FRAME_CONT
  |  ldc1 f0, 0(CRET1)
  |  ins_next1
  |   sdc1 f0, 0(RA)
  |  ins_next2
  |
  |3:  // Call __index metamethod.
  |  // BASE = base, L->top = new base, stack = cont/func/t/k
  |  lw BASE, L->top
  |  sw PC, -16+HI(BASE)                // [cont|PC]
  |   subu PC, BASE, TMP1
  |  lw LFUNC:RB, FRAME_FUNC(BASE)      // Guaranteed to be a function here.
  |  b ->vm_call_dispatch_f
  |.  li NARGS8:RC, 16                  // 2 args for func(t, k).
  |
  |//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
  |
  |->vmeta_tsets1:
  |  addiu CARG3, DISPATCH, DISPATCH_GL(tmptv)
  |  li TMP0, LJ_TSTR
  |  sw STR:RC, LO(CARG3)
  |  b >1
  |.  sw TMP0, HI(CARG3)
  |
  |->vmeta_tsets:
  |  addiu CARG2, DISPATCH, DISPATCH_GL(tmptv)
  |  li TMP0, LJ_TTAB
  |  sw TAB:RB, LO(CARG2)
  |   addiu CARG3, DISPATCH, DISPATCH_GL(tmptv2)
  |  sw TMP0, HI(CARG2)
  |   li TMP1, LJ_TSTR
  |   sw STR:RC, LO(CARG3)
  |  b >1
  |.  sw TMP1, HI(CARG3)
  |
  |->vmeta_tsetb:                       // TMP0 = index
  |  mtc1 TMP0, f0
  |  cvt.d.w f0, f0
  |  addiu CARG3, DISPATCH, DISPATCH_GL(tmptv)
  |  sdc1 f0, 0(CARG3)
  |
  |->vmeta_tsetv:
  |1:
  |  load_got lj_meta_tset
  |  sw BASE, L->base
  |  sw PC, SAVE_PC
  |  call_intern lj_meta_tset           // (lua_State *L, TValue *o, TValue *k)
  |.  move CARG1, L
  |  // Returns TValue * (finished) or NULL (metamethod).
  |  beqz CRET1, >3
  |.  ldc1 f0, 0(RA)
  |  // NOBARRIER: lj_meta_tset ensures the table is not black.
  |  ins_next1
  |   sdc1 f0, 0(CRET1)
  |  ins_next2
  |
  |3:  // Call __newindex metamethod.
  |  // BASE = base, L->top = new base, stack = cont/func/t/k/(v)
  |  addiu TMP1, BASE, -FRAME_CONT
  |  lw BASE, L->top
  |  sw PC, -16+HI(BASE)                // [cont|PC]
  |   subu PC, BASE, TMP1
  |  lw LFUNC:RB, FRAME_FUNC(BASE)      // Guaranteed to be a function here.
  |  sdc1 f0, 16(BASE)                  // Copy value to third argument.
  |  b ->vm_call_dispatch_f
  |.  li NARGS8:RC, 24                  // 3 args for func(t, k, v)
  |
  |//-- Comparison metamethods ---------------------------------------------
  |
  |->vmeta_comp:
  |  // CARG2, CARG3 are already set by BC_ISLT/BC_ISGE/BC_ISLE/BC_ISGT.
  |  load_got lj_meta_comp
  |  addiu PC, PC, -4
  |  sw BASE, L->base
  |  sw PC, SAVE_PC
  |  decode_OP1 CARG4, INS
  |  call_intern lj_meta_comp   // (lua_State *L, TValue *o1, *o2, int op)
  |.  move CARG1, L
  |  // Returns 0/1 or TValue * (metamethod).
  |3:
  |  sltiu AT, CRET1, 2
  |  beqz AT, ->vmeta_binop
  |   negu TMP2, CRET1
  |4:
  |  lhu RD, OFS_RD(PC)
  |   addiu PC, PC, 4
  |   lui TMP1, (-(BCBIAS_J*4 >> 16) & 65535)
  |  sll RD, RD, 2
  |  addu RD, RD, TMP1
  |  and RD, RD, TMP2
  |  addu PC, PC, RD
  |->cont_nop:
  |  ins_next
  |
  |->cont_ra:                           // RA = resultptr
  |  lbu TMP1, -4+OFS_RA(PC)
  |   ldc1 f0, 0(RA)
  |  sll TMP1, TMP1, 3
  |  addu TMP1, BASE, TMP1
  |  b ->cont_nop
  |.  sdc1 f0, 0(TMP1)
  |
  |->cont_condt:                        // RA = resultptr
  |  lw TMP0, HI(RA)
  |  sltiu AT, TMP0, LJ_TISTRUECOND
  |  b <4
  |.  negu TMP2, AT                     // Branch if result is true.
  |
  |->cont_condf:                        // RA = resultptr
  |  lw TMP0, HI(RA)
  |  sltiu AT, TMP0, LJ_TISTRUECOND
  |  b <4
  |.  addiu TMP2, AT, -1                // Branch if result is false.
  |
  |->vmeta_equal:
  |  // CARG2, CARG3, CARG4 are already set by BC_ISEQV/BC_ISNEV.
  |  load_got lj_meta_equal
  |  addiu PC, PC, -4
  |   sw BASE, L->base
  |   sw PC, SAVE_PC
  |  call_intern lj_meta_equal  // (lua_State *L, GCobj *o1, *o2, int ne)
  |.  move CARG1, L
  |  // Returns 0/1 or TValue * (metamethod).
  |  b <3
  |.  nop
  |
  |->vmeta_equal_cd:
  |.if FFI
  |  load_got lj_meta_equal_cd
  |  move CARG2, INS
  |  addiu PC, PC, -4
  |   sw BASE, L->base
  |   sw PC, SAVE_PC
  |  call_intern lj_meta_equal_cd       // (lua_State *L, BCIns op)
  |.  move CARG1, L
  |  // Returns 0/1 or TValue * (metamethod).
  |  b <3
  |.  nop
  |.endif
  |
  |//-- Arithmetic metamethods ---------------------------------------------
  |
  |->vmeta_unm:
  |  move CARG4, CARG3
  |
  |->vmeta_arith:
  |  load_got lj_meta_arith
  |  decode_OP1 TMP0, INS
  |   sw BASE, L->base
  |   sw PC, SAVE_PC
  |  move CARG2, RA
  |  sw TMP0, ARG5
  |  call_intern lj_meta_arith  // (lua_State *L, TValue *ra,*rb,*rc, BCReg op)
  |.  move CARG1, L
  |  // Returns NULL (finished) or TValue * (metamethod).
  |  beqz CRET1, ->cont_nop
  |.  nop
  |
  |  // Call metamethod for binary op.
  |->vmeta_binop:
  |  // BASE = old base, CRET1 = new base, stack = cont/func/o1/o2
  |  subu TMP1, CRET1, BASE
  |   sw PC, -16+HI(CRET1)              // [cont|PC]
  |   move TMP2, BASE
  |  addiu PC, TMP1, FRAME_CONT
  |   move BASE, CRET1
  |  b ->vm_call_dispatch
  |.  li NARGS8:RC, 16                  // 2 args for func(o1, o2).
  |
  |->vmeta_len:
  |  // CARG2 already set by BC_LEN.
#if LJ_52
  |  move MULTRES, CARG1
#endif
  |  load_got lj_meta_len
  |   sw BASE, L->base
  |   sw PC, SAVE_PC
  |  call_intern lj_meta_len            // (lua_State *L, TValue *o)
  |.  move CARG1, L
  |  // Returns NULL (retry) or TValue * (metamethod base).
#if LJ_52
  |  bnez CRET1, ->vmeta_binop          // Binop call for compatibility.
  |.  nop
  |  b ->BC_LEN_Z
  |.  move CARG1, MULTRES
#else
  |  b ->vmeta_binop                    // Binop call for compatibility.
  |.  nop
#endif
  |
  |//-- Call metamethod ----------------------------------------------------
  |
  |->vmeta_call:                        // Resolve and call __call metamethod.
  |  // TMP2 = old base, BASE = new base, RC = nargs*8
  |  load_got lj_meta_call
  |   sw TMP2, L->base                  // This is the callers base!
  |  addiu CARG2, BASE, -8
  |   sw PC, SAVE_PC
  |  addu CARG3, BASE, RC
  |   move MULTRES, NARGS8:RC
  |  call_intern lj_meta_call   // (lua_State *L, TValue *func, TValue *top)
  |.  move CARG1, L
  |  lw LFUNC:RB, FRAME_FUNC(BASE)      // Guaranteed to be a function here.
  |   addiu NARGS8:RC, MULTRES, 8       // Got one more argument now.
  |  ins_call
  |
  |->vmeta_callt:                       // Resolve __call for BC_CALLT.
  |  // BASE = old base, RA = new base, RC = nargs*8
  |  load_got lj_meta_call
  |   sw BASE, L->base
  |  addiu CARG2, RA, -8
  |   sw PC, SAVE_PC
  |  addu CARG3, RA, RC
  |   move MULTRES, NARGS8:RC
  |  call_intern lj_meta_call   // (lua_State *L, TValue *func, TValue *top)
  |.  move CARG1, L
  |  lw TMP1, FRAME_PC(BASE)
  |   lw LFUNC:RB, FRAME_FUNC(RA)       // Guaranteed to be a function here.
  |  b ->BC_CALLT_Z
  |.  addiu NARGS8:RC, MULTRES, 8       // Got one more argument now.
  |
  |//-- Argument coercion for 'for' statement ------------------------------
  |
  |->vmeta_for:
  |  load_got lj_meta_for
  |   sw BASE, L->base
  |  move CARG2, RA
  |   sw PC, SAVE_PC
  |  move MULTRES, INS
  |  call_intern lj_meta_for    // (lua_State *L, TValue *base)
  |.  move CARG1, L
  |.if JIT
  |  decode_OP1 TMP0, MULTRES
  |  li AT, BC_JFORI
  |.endif
  |  decode_RA8a RA, MULTRES
  |   decode_RD8a RD, MULTRES
  |  decode_RA8b RA
  |.if JIT
  |  beq TMP0, AT, =>BC_JFORI
  |.  decode_RD8b RD
  |  b =>BC_FORI
  |.  nop
  |.else
  |  b =>BC_FORI
  |.  decode_RD8b RD
  |.endif
  |
  |//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
  |//-- Fast functions -----------------------------------------------------
  |//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
  |
  |.macro .ffunc, name
  |->ff_ .. name:
  |.endmacro
  |
  |.macro .ffunc_1, name
  |->ff_ .. name:
  |  beqz NARGS8:RC, ->fff_fallback
  |.  lw CARG3, HI(BASE)
  |    lw CARG1, LO(BASE)
  |.endmacro
  |
  |.macro .ffunc_2, name
  |->ff_ .. name:
  |  sltiu AT, NARGS8:RC, 16
  |   lw CARG3, HI(BASE)
  |  bnez AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.   lw CARG4, 8+HI(BASE)
  |   lw CARG1, LO(BASE)
  |    lw CARG2, 8+LO(BASE)
  |.endmacro
  |
  |.macro .ffunc_n, name        // Caveat: has delay slot!
  |->ff_ .. name:
  |  lw CARG3, HI(BASE)
  |  beqz NARGS8:RC, ->fff_fallback
  |.  ldc1 FARG1, 0(BASE)
  |  sltiu AT, CARG3, LJ_TISNUM
  |  beqz AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.endmacro
  |
  |.macro .ffunc_nn, name       // Caveat: has delay slot!
  |->ff_ .. name:
  |  sltiu AT, NARGS8:RC, 16
  |   lw CARG3, HI(BASE)
  |  bnez AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  lw CARG4, 8+HI(BASE)
  |  ldc1 FARG1, 0(BASE)
  |  ldc1 FARG2, 8(BASE)
  |  sltiu TMP0, CARG3, LJ_TISNUM
  |  sltiu TMP1, CARG4, LJ_TISNUM
  |  and TMP0, TMP0, TMP1
  |  beqz TMP0, ->fff_fallback
  |.endmacro
  |
  |// Inlined GC threshold check. Caveat: uses TMP0 and TMP1 and has delay slot!
  |.macro ffgccheck
  |  lw TMP0, DISPATCH_GL(gc.total)(DISPATCH)
  |  lw TMP1, DISPATCH_GL(gc.threshold)(DISPATCH)
  |  subu AT, TMP0, TMP1
  |  bgezal AT, ->fff_gcstep
  |.endmacro
  |
  |//-- Base library: checks -----------------------------------------------
  |
  |.ffunc_1 assert
  |  sltiu AT, CARG3, LJ_TISTRUECOND
  |  beqz AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  addiu RA, BASE, -8
  |  lw PC, FRAME_PC(BASE)
  |  addiu RD, NARGS8:RC, 8             // Compute (nresults+1)*8.
  |  addu TMP2, RA, NARGS8:RC
  |   sw CARG3, HI(RA)
  |  addiu TMP1, BASE, 8
  |  beq BASE, TMP2, ->fff_res          // Done if exactly 1 argument.
  |.  sw CARG1, LO(RA)
  |1:
  |  ldc1 f0, 0(TMP1)
  |  sdc1 f0, -8(TMP1)
  |  bne TMP1, TMP2, <1
  |.  addiu TMP1, TMP1, 8
  |  b ->fff_res
  |.  nop
  |
  |.ffunc type
  |  lw CARG3, HI(BASE)
  |  li TMP1, LJ_TISNUM
  |  beqz NARGS8:RC, ->fff_fallback
  |.  sltiu TMP0, CARG3, LJ_TISNUM
  |  movz TMP1, CARG3, TMP0
  |  not TMP1, TMP1
  |  sll TMP1, TMP1, 3
  |  addu TMP1, CFUNC:RB, TMP1
  |  b ->fff_resn
  |.  ldc1 FRET1, CFUNC:TMP1->upvalue
  |
  |//-- Base library: getters and setters ---------------------------------
  |
  |.ffunc_1 getmetatable
  |  li AT, LJ_TTAB
  |  bne CARG3, AT, >6
  |.  li AT, LJ_TUDATA
  |1:  // Field metatable must be at same offset for GCtab and GCudata!
  |  lw TAB:CARG1, TAB:CARG1->metatable
  |2:
  |  lw STR:RC, DISPATCH_GL(gcroot[GCROOT_MMNAME+MM_metatable])(DISPATCH)
  |  beqz TAB:CARG1, ->fff_restv
  |.  li CARG3, LJ_TNIL
  |  lw TMP0, TAB:CARG1->hmask
  |   li CARG3, LJ_TTAB                 // Use metatable as default result.
  |  lw TMP1, STR:RC->hash
  |  lw NODE:TMP2, TAB:CARG1->node
  |  and TMP1, TMP1, TMP0               // idx = str->hash & tab->hmask
  |  sll TMP0, TMP1, 5
  |  sll TMP1, TMP1, 3
  |  subu TMP1, TMP0, TMP1
  |  addu NODE:TMP2, NODE:TMP2, TMP1    // node = tab->node + (idx*32-idx*8)
  |  li AT, LJ_TSTR
  |3:  // Rearranged logic, because we expect _not_ to find the key.
  |  lw CARG4, offsetof(Node, key)+HI(NODE:TMP2)
  |   lw TMP0, offsetof(Node, key)+LO(NODE:TMP2)
  |    lw NODE:TMP3, NODE:TMP2->next
  |  bne CARG4, AT, >4
  |.    lw CARG2, offsetof(Node, val)+HI(NODE:TMP2)
  |  beq TMP0, STR:RC, >5
  |.    lw TMP1, offsetof(Node, val)+LO(NODE:TMP2)
  |4:
  |  beqz NODE:TMP3, ->fff_restv        // Not found, keep default result.
  |.  move NODE:TMP2, NODE:TMP3
  |  b <3
  |.  nop
  |5:
  |  beq CARG2, TISNIL, ->fff_restv     // Ditto for nil value.
  |.  nop
  |  move CARG3, CARG2                  // Return value of mt.__metatable.
  |  b ->fff_restv
  |.  move CARG1, TMP1
  |
  |6:
  |  beq CARG3, AT, <1
  |.  sltiu TMP0, CARG3, LJ_TISNUM
  |  li TMP1, LJ_TISNUM
  |  movz TMP1, CARG3, TMP0
  |  not TMP1, TMP1
  |  sll TMP1, TMP1, 2
  |  addu TMP1, DISPATCH, TMP1
  |  b <2
  |.  lw TAB:CARG1, DISPATCH_GL(gcroot[GCROOT_BASEMT])(TMP1)
  |
  |.ffunc_2 setmetatable
  |  // Fast path: no mt for table yet and not clearing the mt.
  |  li AT, LJ_TTAB
  |  bne CARG3, AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  addiu CARG4, CARG4, -LJ_TTAB
  |  lw TAB:TMP1, TAB:CARG1->metatable
  |   lbu TMP3, TAB:CARG1->marked
  |  or AT, CARG4, TAB:TMP1
  |  bnez AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  andi AT, TMP3, LJ_GC_BLACK        // isblack(table)
  |  beqz AT, ->fff_restv
  |.  sw TAB:CARG2, TAB:CARG1->metatable
  |  barrierback TAB:CARG1, TMP3, TMP0, ->fff_restv
  |
  |.ffunc rawget
  |  lw CARG4, HI(BASE)
  |   sltiu AT, NARGS8:RC, 16
  |    lw TAB:CARG2, LO(BASE)
  |  load_got lj_tab_get
  |  addiu CARG4, CARG4, -LJ_TTAB
  |  or AT, AT, CARG4
  |  bnez AT, ->fff_fallback
  |   addiu CARG3, BASE, 8
  |  call_intern lj_tab_get     // (lua_State *L, GCtab *t, cTValue *key)
  |.  move CARG1, L
  |  // Returns cTValue *.
  |  b ->fff_resn
  |.  ldc1 FRET1, 0(CRET1)
  |
  |//-- Base library: conversions ------------------------------------------
  |
  |.ffunc tonumber
  |  // Only handles the number case inline (without a base argument).
  |  lw CARG1, HI(BASE)
  |  xori AT, NARGS8:RC, 8
  |  sltiu CARG1, CARG1, LJ_TISNUM
  |  movn CARG1, r0, AT
  |  beqz CARG1, ->fff_fallback         // Exactly one number argument.
  |.  ldc1 FRET1, 0(BASE)
  |  b ->fff_resn
  |.  nop
  |
  |.ffunc_1 tostring
  |  // Only handles the string or number case inline.
  |  li AT, LJ_TSTR
  |  // A __tostring method in the string base metatable is ignored.
  |  beq CARG3, AT, ->fff_restv                 // String key?
  |  // Handle numbers inline, unless a number base metatable is present.
  |.  lw TMP1, DISPATCH_GL(gcroot[GCROOT_BASEMT_NUM])(DISPATCH)
  |  sltiu TMP0, CARG3, LJ_TISNUM
  |  sltiu TMP1, TMP1, 1
  |  and TMP0, TMP0, TMP1
  |  beqz TMP0, ->fff_fallback
  |.  sw BASE, L->base                  // Add frame since C call can throw.
  |  ffgccheck
  |.  sw PC, SAVE_PC                    // Redundant (but a defined value).
  |  load_got lj_str_fromnum
  |  move CARG1, L
  |  call_intern lj_str_fromnum         // (lua_State *L, lua_Number *np)
  |.  move CARG2, BASE
  |  // Returns GCstr *.
  |  li CARG3, LJ_TSTR
  |  b ->fff_restv
  |.  move CARG1, CRET1
  |
  |//-- Base library: iterators -------------------------------------------
  |
  |.ffunc next
  |  lw CARG1, HI(BASE)
  |   lw TAB:CARG2, LO(BASE)
  |  beqz NARGS8:RC, ->fff_fallback
  |.  addu TMP2, BASE, NARGS8:RC
  |  li AT, LJ_TTAB
  |   sw TISNIL, HI(TMP2)               // Set missing 2nd arg to nil.
  |  bne CARG1, AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  lw PC, FRAME_PC(BASE)
  |  load_got lj_tab_next
  |   sw BASE, L->base                  // Add frame since C call can throw.
  |   sw BASE, L->top                   // Dummy frame length is ok.
  |  addiu CARG3, BASE, 8
  |   sw PC, SAVE_PC
  |  call_intern lj_tab_next            // (lua_State *L, GCtab *t, TValue *key)
  |.  move CARG1, L
  |  // Returns 0 at end of traversal.
  |  beqz CRET1, ->fff_restv            // End of traversal: return nil.
  |.  li CARG3, LJ_TNIL
  |  ldc1 f0, 8(BASE)                   // Copy key and value to results.
  |    addiu RA, BASE, -8
  |   ldc1 f2, 16(BASE)
  |    li RD, (2+1)*8
  |  sdc1 f0, 0(RA)
  |  b ->fff_res
  |.  sdc1 f2, 8(RA)
  |
  |.ffunc_1 pairs
  |  li AT, LJ_TTAB
  |  bne CARG3, AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  lw PC, FRAME_PC(BASE)
#if LJ_52
  |  lw TAB:TMP2, TAB:CARG1->metatable
  |   ldc1 f0, CFUNC:RB->upvalue[0]
  |  bnez TAB:TMP2, ->fff_fallback
#else
  |  ldc1 f0, CFUNC:RB->upvalue[0]
#endif
  |.  addiu RA, BASE, -8
  |   sw TISNIL, 8+HI(BASE)
  |  li RD, (3+1)*8
  |  b ->fff_res
  |.  sdc1 f0, 0(RA)
  |
  |.ffunc ipairs_aux
  |  sltiu AT, NARGS8:RC, 16
  |   lw CARG3, HI(BASE)
  |    lw TAB:CARG1, LO(BASE)
  |   lw CARG4, 8+HI(BASE)
  |  bnez AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  ldc1 FARG2, 8(BASE)
  |   addiu CARG3, CARG3, -LJ_TTAB
  |  sltiu AT, CARG4, LJ_TISNUM
  |   li TMP0, 1
  |  movn AT, r0, CARG3
  |   mtc1 TMP0, FARG1
  |  beqz AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  lw PC, FRAME_PC(BASE)
  |   cvt.w.d FRET1, FARG2
  |  cvt.d.w FARG1, FARG1
  |   lw TMP0, TAB:CARG1->asize
  |   lw TMP1, TAB:CARG1->array
  |  mfc1 TMP2, FRET1
  |   addiu RA, BASE, -8
  |  add.d FARG2, FARG2, FARG1
  |  addiu TMP2, TMP2, 1
  |  sltu AT, TMP2, TMP0
  |   sll TMP3, TMP2, 3
  |   addu TMP3, TMP1, TMP3
  |  beqz AT, >2                        // Not in array part?
  |.  sdc1 FARG2, 0(RA)
  |  lw TMP2, HI(TMP3)
  |  ldc1 f0, 0(TMP3)
  |1:
  |  beq TMP2, TISNIL, ->fff_res        // End of iteration, return 0 results.
  |.  li RD, (0+1)*8
  |   li RD, (2+1)*8
  |  b ->fff_res
  |.  sdc1 f0, 8(RA)
  |2:  // Check for empty hash part first. Otherwise call C function.
  |  lw TMP0, TAB:CARG1->hmask
  |  load_got lj_tab_getinth
  |  beqz TMP0, ->fff_res
  |.  li RD, (0+1)*8
  |  call_intern lj_tab_getinth         // (GCtab *t, int32_t key)
  |.  move CARG2, TMP2
  |  // Returns cTValue * or NULL.
  |  beqz CRET1, ->fff_res
  |.  li RD, (0+1)*8
  |  lw TMP2, HI(CRET1)
  |  b <1
  |.  ldc1 f0, 0(CRET1)
  |
  |.ffunc_1 ipairs
  |  li AT, LJ_TTAB
  |  bne CARG3, AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  lw PC, FRAME_PC(BASE)
#if LJ_52
  |  lw TAB:TMP2, TAB:CARG1->metatable
  |   ldc1 f0, CFUNC:RB->upvalue[0]
  |  bnez TAB:TMP2, ->fff_fallback
#else
  |  ldc1 f0, CFUNC:RB->upvalue[0]
#endif
  |.  addiu RA, BASE, -8
  |   sw r0, 8+HI(BASE)
  |   sw r0, 8+LO(BASE)
  |  li RD, (3+1)*8
  |  b ->fff_res
  |.  sdc1 f0, 0(RA)
  |
  |//-- Base library: catch errors ----------------------------------------
  |
  |.ffunc pcall
  |  lbu TMP3, DISPATCH_GL(hookmask)(DISPATCH)
  |  beqz NARGS8:RC, ->fff_fallback
  |   move TMP2, BASE
  |   addiu BASE, BASE, 8
  |  // Remember active hook before pcall.
  |  srl TMP3, TMP3, HOOK_ACTIVE_SHIFT
  |  andi TMP3, TMP3, 1
  |  addiu PC, TMP3, 8+FRAME_PCALL
  |  b ->vm_call_dispatch
  |.  addiu NARGS8:RC, NARGS8:RC, -8
  |
  |.ffunc xpcall
  |    sltiu AT, NARGS8:RC, 16
  |  lw CARG4, 8+HI(BASE)
  |    bnez AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  ldc1 FARG2, 8(BASE)
  |   ldc1 FARG1, 0(BASE)
  |    lbu TMP1, DISPATCH_GL(hookmask)(DISPATCH)
  |  li AT, LJ_TFUNC
  |   move TMP2, BASE
  |  bne CARG4, AT, ->fff_fallback  // Traceback must be a function.
  |   addiu BASE, BASE, 16
  |  // Remember active hook before pcall.
  |  srl TMP3, TMP3, HOOK_ACTIVE_SHIFT
  |   sdc1 FARG2, 0(TMP2)               // Swap function and traceback.
  |  andi TMP3, TMP3, 1
  |   sdc1 FARG1, 8(TMP2)
  |  addiu PC, TMP3, 16+FRAME_PCALL
  |  b ->vm_call_dispatch
  |.  addiu NARGS8:RC, NARGS8:RC, -16
  |
  |//-- Coroutine library --------------------------------------------------
  |
  |.macro coroutine_resume_wrap, resume
  |.if resume
  |.ffunc_1 coroutine_resume
  |  li AT, LJ_TTHREAD
  |  bne CARG3, AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.else
  |.ffunc coroutine_wrap_aux
  |  lw L:CARG1, CFUNC:RB->upvalue[0].gcr
  |.endif
  |  lbu TMP0, L:CARG1->status
  |   lw TMP1, L:CARG1->cframe
  |    lw CARG2, L:CARG1->top
  |    lw TMP2, L:CARG1->base
  |  addiu TMP3, TMP0, -LUA_YIELD
  |  bgtz TMP3, ->fff_fallback          // st > LUA_YIELD?
  |.   xor TMP2, TMP2, CARG2
  |  bnez TMP1, ->fff_fallback          // cframe != 0?
  |.  or AT, TMP2, TMP0
  |  lw TMP0, L:CARG1->maxstack
  |  beqz AT, ->fff_fallback            // base == top && st == 0?
  |.  lw PC, FRAME_PC(BASE)
  |  addu TMP2, CARG2, NARGS8:RC
  |  sltu AT, TMP0, TMP2
  |  bnez AT, ->fff_fallback            // Stack overflow?
  |.  sw PC, SAVE_PC
  |   sw BASE, L->base
  |1:
  |.if resume
  |  addiu BASE, BASE, 8                // Keep resumed thread in stack for GC.
  |  addiu NARGS8:RC, NARGS8:RC, -8
  |  addiu TMP2, TMP2, -8
  |.endif
  |  sw TMP2, L:CARG1->top
  |  addu TMP1, BASE, NARGS8:RC
  |  move CARG3, CARG2
  |  sw BASE, L->top
  |2:  // Move args to coroutine.
  |   ldc1 f0, 0(BASE)
  |  sltu AT, BASE, TMP1
  |  beqz AT, >3
  |.  addiu BASE, BASE, 8
  |   sdc1 f0, 0(CARG3)
  |  b <2
  |.  addiu CARG3, CARG3, 8
  |3:
  |  bal ->vm_resume                    // (lua_State *L, TValue *base, 0, 0)
  |.  move L:RA, L:CARG1
  |  // Returns thread status.
  |4:
  |  lw TMP2, L:RA->base
  |   sltiu AT, CRET1, LUA_YIELD+1
  |  lw TMP3, L:RA->top
  |    li_vmstate INTERP
  |  lw BASE, L->base
  |    st_vmstate
  |   beqz AT, >8
  |. subu RD, TMP3, TMP2
  |   lw TMP0, L->maxstack
  |  beqz RD, >6                        // No results?
  |.  addu TMP1, BASE, RD
  |  sltu AT, TMP0, TMP1
  |  bnez AT, >9                        // Need to grow stack?
  |.  addu TMP3, TMP2, RD
  |  sw TMP2, L:RA->top                 // Clear coroutine stack.
  |  move TMP1, BASE
  |5:  // Move results from coroutine.
  |   ldc1 f0, 0(TMP2)
  |  addiu TMP2, TMP2, 8
  |  sltu AT, TMP2, TMP3
  |   sdc1 f0, 0(TMP1)
  |  bnez AT, <5
  |.  addiu TMP1, TMP1, 8
  |6:
  |  andi TMP0, PC, FRAME_TYPE
  |.if resume
  |  li TMP1, LJ_TTRUE
  |   addiu RA, BASE, -8
  |  sw TMP1, -8+HI(BASE)               // Prepend true to results.
  |  addiu RD, RD, 16
  |.else
  |  move RA, BASE
  |  addiu RD, RD, 8
  |.endif
  |7:
  |  sw PC, SAVE_PC
  |  beqz TMP0, ->BC_RET_Z
  |.  move MULTRES, RD
  |  b ->vm_return
  |.  nop
  |
  |8:  // Coroutine returned with error (at co->top-1).
  |.if resume
  |  addiu TMP3, TMP3, -8
  |   li TMP1, LJ_TFALSE
  |  ldc1 f0, 0(TMP3)
  |   sw TMP3, L:RA->top                // Remove error from coroutine stack.
  |    li RD, (2+1)*8
  |   sw TMP1, -8+HI(BASE)              // Prepend false to results.
  |    addiu RA, BASE, -8
  |  sdc1 f0, 0(BASE)                   // Copy error message.
  |  b <7
  |.  andi TMP0, PC, FRAME_TYPE
  |.else
  |  load_got lj_ffh_coroutine_wrap_err
  |  move CARG2, L:RA
  |  call_intern lj_ffh_coroutine_wrap_err  // (lua_State *L, lua_State *co)
  |.  move CARG1, L
  |.endif
  |
  |9:  // Handle stack expansion on return from yield.
  |  load_got lj_state_growstack
  |  srl CARG2, RD, 3
  |  call_intern lj_state_growstack     // (lua_State *L, int n)
  |.  move CARG1, L
  |  b <4
  |.  li CRET1, 0
  |.endmacro
  |
  |  coroutine_resume_wrap 1            // coroutine.resume
  |  coroutine_resume_wrap 0            // coroutine.wrap
  |
  |.ffunc coroutine_yield
  |  lw TMP0, L->cframe
  |   addu TMP1, BASE, NARGS8:RC
  |   sw BASE, L->base
  |  andi TMP0, TMP0, CFRAME_RESUME
  |   sw TMP1, L->top
  |  beqz TMP0, ->fff_fallback
  |.   li CRET1, LUA_YIELD
  |  sw r0, L->cframe
  |  b ->vm_leave_unw
  |.   sb CRET1, L->status
  |
  |//-- Math library -------------------------------------------------------
  |
  |.ffunc_n math_abs
  |.  abs.d FRET1, FARG1
  |->fff_resn:
  |  lw PC, FRAME_PC(BASE)
  |  addiu RA, BASE, -8
  |  b ->fff_res1
  |.  sdc1 FRET1, -8(BASE)
  |
  |->fff_restv:
  |  // CARG3/CARG1 = TValue result.
  |  lw PC, FRAME_PC(BASE)
  |   sw CARG3, -8+HI(BASE)
  |  addiu RA, BASE, -8
  |   sw CARG1, -8+LO(BASE)
  |->fff_res1:
  |  // RA = results, PC = return.
  |  li RD, (1+1)*8
  |->fff_res:
  |  // RA = results, RD = (nresults+1)*8, PC = return.
  |  andi TMP0, PC, FRAME_TYPE
  |  bnez TMP0, ->vm_return
  |.  move MULTRES, RD
  |  lw INS, -4(PC)
  |  decode_RB8a RB, INS
  |  decode_RB8b RB
  |5:
  |  sltu AT, RD, RB
  |  bnez AT, >6                        // More results expected?
  |.  decode_RA8a TMP0, INS
  |  decode_RA8b TMP0
  |  ins_next1
  |  // Adjust BASE. KBASE is assumed to be set for the calling frame.
  |   subu BASE, RA, TMP0
  |  ins_next2
  |
  |6:  // Fill up results with nil.
  |  addu TMP1, RA, RD
  |   addiu RD, RD, 8
  |  b <5
  |.  sw TISNIL, -8+HI(TMP1)
  |
  |.macro math_extern, func
  |->ff_math_ .. func:
  |  lw CARG3, HI(BASE)
  |  beqz NARGS8:RC, ->fff_fallback
  |.  load_got func
  |  sltiu AT, CARG3, LJ_TISNUM
  |  beqz AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  nop
  |  call_extern
  |.  ldc1 FARG1, 0(BASE)
  |  b ->fff_resn
  |.  nop
  |.endmacro
  |
  |.macro math_extern2, func
  |  .ffunc_nn math_ .. func
  |.  load_got func
  |  call_extern
  |.  nop
  |  b ->fff_resn
  |.  nop
  |.endmacro
  |
  |.macro math_round, func
  |  .ffunc_n math_ .. func
  |.  nop
  |  bal ->vm_ .. func
  |.  nop
  |  b ->fff_resn
  |.  nop
  |.endmacro
  |
  |  math_round floor
  |  math_round ceil
  |
  |.ffunc math_log
  |  lw CARG3, HI(BASE)
  |  li AT, 8
  |  bne NARGS8:RC, AT, ->fff_fallback  // Exactly 1 argument.
  |.  load_got log
  |  sltiu AT, CARG3, LJ_TISNUM
  |  beqz AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  nop
  |  call_extern
  |.  ldc1 FARG1, 0(BASE)
  |  b ->fff_resn
  |.  nop
  |
  |  math_extern log10
  |  math_extern exp
  |  math_extern sin
  |  math_extern cos
  |  math_extern tan
  |  math_extern asin
  |  math_extern acos
  |  math_extern atan
  |  math_extern sinh
  |  math_extern cosh
  |  math_extern tanh
  |  math_extern2 pow
  |  math_extern2 atan2
  |  math_extern2 fmod
  |
  |.ffunc_n math_sqrt
  |.  sqrt.d FRET1, FARG1
  |  b ->fff_resn
  |.  nop
  |
  |->ff_math_deg:
  |.ffunc_n math_rad
  |.  ldc1 FARG2, CFUNC:RB->upvalue[0]
  |  b ->fff_resn
  |.  mul.d FRET1, FARG1, FARG2
  |
  |.ffunc_nn math_ldexp
  |  cvt.w.d FARG2, FARG2
  |  load_got ldexp
  |  mfc1 CARG3, FARG2
  |  call_extern
  |.  nop
  |  b ->fff_resn
  |.  nop
  |
  |.ffunc_n math_frexp
  |  load_got frexp
  |   lw PC, FRAME_PC(BASE)
  |  call_extern
  |.  addiu CARG3, DISPATCH, DISPATCH_GL(tmptv)
  |   lw TMP1, DISPATCH_GL(tmptv)(DISPATCH)
  |  addiu RA, BASE, -8
  |   mtc1 TMP1, FARG2
  |  sdc1 FRET1, 0(RA)
  |   cvt.d.w FARG2, FARG2
  |   sdc1 FARG2, 8(RA)
  |  b ->fff_res
  |.  li RD, (2+1)*8
  |
  |.ffunc_n math_modf
  |  load_got modf
  |   lw PC, FRAME_PC(BASE)
  |  call_extern
  |.  addiu CARG3, BASE, -8
  |  addiu RA, BASE, -8
  |  sdc1 FRET1, 0(BASE)
  |  b ->fff_res
  |.  li RD, (2+1)*8
  |
  |.macro math_minmax, name, ismax
  |->ff_ .. name:
  |  lw CARG3, HI(BASE)
  |  beqz NARGS8:RC, ->fff_fallback
  |.  ldc1 FRET1, 0(BASE)
  |  sltiu AT, CARG3, LJ_TISNUM
  |  beqz AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  addu TMP2, BASE, NARGS8:RC
  |  addiu TMP1, BASE, 8
  |  beq TMP1, TMP2, ->fff_resn
  |1:
  |.  lw CARG3, HI(TMP1)
  |  ldc1 FARG1, 0(TMP1)
  |   addiu TMP1, TMP1, 8
  |  sltiu AT, CARG3, LJ_TISNUM
  |  beqz AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.if ismax
  |.  c.olt.d FARG1, FRET1
  |.else
  |.  c.olt.d FRET1, FARG1
  |.endif
  |  bne TMP1, TMP2, <1
  |.  movf.d FRET1, FARG1
  |  b ->fff_resn
  |.  nop
  |.endmacro
  |
  |  math_minmax math_min, 0
  |  math_minmax math_max, 1
  |
  |//-- String library -----------------------------------------------------
  |
  |.ffunc_1 string_len
  |  li AT, LJ_TSTR
  |  bne CARG3, AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  nop
  |  b ->fff_resi
  |.  lw CRET1, STR:CARG1->len
  |
  |.ffunc string_byte                   // Only handle the 1-arg case here.
  |  lw CARG3, HI(BASE)
  |   lw STR:CARG1, LO(BASE)
  |  xori AT, NARGS8:RC, 8
  |  addiu CARG3, CARG3, -LJ_TSTR
  |  or AT, AT, CARG3
  |  bnez AT, ->fff_fallback            // Need exactly 1 string argument.
  |.  nop
  |  lw TMP0, STR:CARG1->len
  |   lbu TMP1, STR:CARG1[1]            // Access is always ok (NUL at end).
  |    addiu RA, BASE, -8
  |  sltu RD, r0, TMP0
  |   mtc1 TMP1, f0
  |  addiu RD, RD, 1
  |   cvt.d.w f0, f0
  |  lw PC, FRAME_PC(BASE)
  |  sll RD, RD, 3                      // RD = ((str->len != 0)+1)*8
  |  b ->fff_res
  |.  sdc1 f0, 0(RA)
  |
  |.ffunc string_char                   // Only handle the 1-arg case here.
  |  ffgccheck
  |.  nop
  |  lw CARG3, HI(BASE)
  |   ldc1 FARG1, 0(BASE)
  |  li AT, 8
  |  bne NARGS8:RC, AT, ->fff_fallback  // Exactly 1 argument.
  |.  sltiu AT, CARG3, LJ_TISNUM
  |  beqz AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  li CARG3, 1
  |   cvt.w.d FARG1, FARG1
  |  addiu CARG2, sp, ARG5_OFS
  |  sltiu AT, TMP0, 256
  |   mfc1 TMP0, FARG1
  |  beqz AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  sw TMP0, ARG5
  |->fff_newstr:
  |  load_got lj_str_new
  |   sw BASE, L->base
  |   sw PC, SAVE_PC
  |  call_intern lj_str_new             // (lua_State *L, char *str, size_t l)
  |.  move CARG1, L
  |  // Returns GCstr *.
  |  lw BASE, L->base
  |  move CARG1, CRET1
  |  b ->fff_restv
  |.  li CARG3, LJ_TSTR
  |
  |.ffunc string_sub
  |  ffgccheck
  |.  nop
  |  addiu AT, NARGS8:RC, -16
  |   lw CARG3, 16+HI(BASE)
  |    ldc1 f0, 16(BASE)
  |   lw TMP0, HI(BASE)
  |    lw STR:CARG1, LO(BASE)
  |  bltz AT, ->fff_fallback
  |   lw CARG2, 8+HI(BASE)
  |    ldc1 f2, 8(BASE)
  |  beqz AT, >1
  |.  li CARG4, -1
  |   cvt.w.d f0, f0
  |  sltiu AT, CARG3, LJ_TISNUM
  |  beqz AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  mfc1 CARG4, f0
  |1:
  |  sltiu AT, CARG2, LJ_TISNUM
  |  beqz AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  li AT, LJ_TSTR
  |  cvt.w.d f2, f2
  |  bne TMP0, AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  lw CARG2, STR:CARG1->len
  |  mfc1 CARG3, f2
  |  // STR:CARG1 = str, CARG2 = str->len, CARG3 = start, CARG4 = end
  |  slt AT, CARG4, r0
  |  addiu TMP0, CARG2, 1
  |  addu TMP1, CARG4, TMP0
  |   slt TMP3, CARG3, r0
  |  movn CARG4, TMP1, AT               // if (end < 0) end += len+1
  |   addu TMP1, CARG3, TMP0
  |   movn CARG3, TMP1, TMP3            // if (start < 0) start += len+1
  |   li TMP2, 1
  |  slt AT, CARG4, r0
  |   slt TMP3, r0, CARG3
  |  movn CARG4, r0, AT                 // if (end < 0) end = 0
  |   movz CARG3, TMP2, TMP3            // if (start < 1) start = 1
  |  slt AT, CARG2, CARG4
  |  movn CARG4, CARG2, AT              // if (end > len) end = len
  |   addu CARG2, STR:CARG1, CARG3
  |  subu CARG3, CARG4, CARG3           // len = end - start
  |   addiu CARG2, CARG2, sizeof(GCstr)-1
  |  bgez CARG3, ->fff_newstr
  |.  addiu CARG3, CARG3, 1             // len++
  |->fff_emptystr:  // Return empty string.
  |  addiu STR:CARG1, DISPATCH, DISPATCH_GL(strempty)
  |  b ->fff_restv
  |.  li CARG3, LJ_TSTR
  |
  |.ffunc string_rep                    // Only handle the 1-char case inline.
  |  ffgccheck
  |.  nop
  |  lw TMP0, HI(BASE)
  |   addiu AT, NARGS8:RC, -16          // Exactly 2 arguments.
  |  lw CARG4, 8+HI(BASE)
  |   lw STR:CARG1, LO(BASE)
  |  addiu TMP0, TMP0, -LJ_TSTR
  |   ldc1 f0, 8(BASE)
  |  or AT, AT, TMP0
  |  bnez AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  sltiu AT, CARG4, LJ_TISNUM
  |   cvt.w.d f0, f0
  |  beqz AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  lw TMP0, STR:CARG1->len
  |   mfc1 CARG3, f0
  |  lw TMP1, DISPATCH_GL(tmpbuf.sz)(DISPATCH)
  |  li AT, 1
  |   blez CARG3, ->fff_emptystr        // Count <= 0?
  |.   sltu AT, AT, TMP0
  |  beqz TMP0, ->fff_emptystr          // Zero length string?
  |.  sltu TMP0, TMP1, CARG3
  |  or AT, AT, TMP0
  |   lw CARG2, DISPATCH_GL(tmpbuf.buf)(DISPATCH)
  |  bnez AT, ->fff_fallback            // Fallback for > 1-char strings.
  |.  lbu TMP0, STR:CARG1[1]
  |  addu TMP2, CARG2, CARG3
  |1:  // Fill buffer with char. Yes, this is suboptimal code (do you care?).
  |  addiu TMP2, TMP2, -1
  |  sltu AT, CARG2, TMP2
  |  bnez AT, <1
  |.  sb TMP0, 0(TMP2)
  |  b ->fff_newstr
  |.  nop
  |
  |.ffunc string_reverse
  |  ffgccheck
  |.  nop
  |  lw CARG3, HI(BASE)
  |   lw STR:CARG1, LO(BASE)
  |  beqz NARGS8:RC, ->fff_fallback
  |.  li AT, LJ_TSTR
  |  bne CARG3, AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  lw TMP1, DISPATCH_GL(tmpbuf.sz)(DISPATCH)
  |  lw CARG3, STR:CARG1->len
  |   addiu CARG1, STR:CARG1, #STR
  |   lw CARG2, DISPATCH_GL(tmpbuf.buf)(DISPATCH)
  |  sltu AT, TMP1, CARG3
  |  bnez AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  addu TMP3, CARG1, CARG3
  |  addu CARG4, CARG2, CARG3
  |1:  // Reverse string copy.
  |   lbu TMP1, 0(CARG1)
  |  sltu AT, CARG1, TMP3
  |  beqz AT, ->fff_newstr
  |.  addiu CARG1, CARG1, 1
  |  addiu CARG4, CARG4, -1
  |  b <1
  |   sb TMP1, 0(CARG4)
  |
  |.macro ffstring_case, name, lo
  |  .ffunc name
  |  ffgccheck
  |.  nop
  |  lw CARG3, HI(BASE)
  |   lw STR:CARG1, LO(BASE)
  |  beqz NARGS8:RC, ->fff_fallback
  |.  li AT, LJ_TSTR
  |  bne CARG3, AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  lw TMP1, DISPATCH_GL(tmpbuf.sz)(DISPATCH)
  |  lw CARG3, STR:CARG1->len
  |   addiu CARG1, STR:CARG1, #STR
  |   lw CARG2, DISPATCH_GL(tmpbuf.buf)(DISPATCH)
  |  sltu AT, TMP1, CARG3
  |  bnez AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  addu TMP3, CARG1, CARG3
  |  move CARG4, CARG2
  |1:  // ASCII case conversion.
  |   lbu TMP1, 0(CARG1)
  |  sltu AT, CARG1, TMP3
  |  beqz AT, ->fff_newstr
  |.  addiu TMP0, TMP1, -lo
  |   xori TMP2, TMP1, 0x20
  |   sltiu AT, TMP0, 26
  |   movn TMP1, TMP2, AT
  |  addiu CARG1, CARG1, 1
  |   sb TMP1, 0(CARG4)
  |  b <1
  |.  addiu CARG4, CARG4, 1
  |.endmacro
  |
  |ffstring_case string_lower, 65
  |ffstring_case string_upper, 97
  |
  |//-- Table library ------------------------------------------------------
  |
  |.ffunc_1 table_getn
  |  li AT, LJ_TTAB
  |  bne CARG3, AT, ->fff_fallback
  |.  load_got lj_tab_len
  |  call_intern lj_tab_len             // (GCtab *t)
  |.  nop
  |  // Returns uint32_t (but less than 2^31).
  |  b ->fff_resi
  |.  nop
  |
  |//-- Bit library --------------------------------------------------------
  |
  |.macro .ffunc_bit, name
  |  .ffunc_n bit_..name
  |.  add.d FARG1, FARG1, TOBIT
  |  mfc1 CRET1, FARG1
  |.endmacro
  |
  |.macro .ffunc_bit_op, name, ins
  |  .ffunc_bit name
  |  addiu TMP1, BASE, 8
  |  addu TMP2, BASE, NARGS8:RC
  |1:
  |  lw CARG4, HI(TMP1)
  |  beq TMP1, TMP2, ->fff_resi
  |.  ldc1 FARG1, 0(TMP1)
  |  sltiu AT, CARG4, LJ_TISNUM
  |  beqz AT, ->fff_fallback
  |  add.d FARG1, FARG1, TOBIT
  |  mfc1 CARG2, FARG1
  |  ins CRET1, CRET1, CARG2
  |  b <1
  |.  addiu TMP1, TMP1, 8
  |.endmacro
  |
  |.ffunc_bit_op band, and
  |.ffunc_bit_op bor, or
  |.ffunc_bit_op bxor, xor
  |
  |.ffunc_bit bswap
  |  srl TMP0, CRET1, 24
  |   srl TMP2, CRET1, 8
  |  sll TMP1, CRET1, 24
  |   andi TMP2, TMP2, 0xff00
  |  or TMP0, TMP0, TMP1
  |   andi CRET1, CRET1, 0xff00
  |  or TMP0, TMP0, TMP2
  |   sll CRET1, CRET1, 8
  |  b ->fff_resi
  |.  or CRET1, TMP0, CRET1
  |
  |.ffunc_bit bnot
  |  b ->fff_resi
  |.  not CRET1, CRET1
  |
  |.macro .ffunc_bit_sh, name, ins, shmod
  |  .ffunc_nn bit_..name
  |.  add.d FARG1, FARG1, TOBIT
  |  add.d FARG2, FARG2, TOBIT
  |  mfc1 CARG1, FARG1
  |  mfc1 CARG2, FARG2
  |.if shmod == 1
  |  li AT, 32
  |  subu TMP0, AT, CARG2
  |  sllv CARG2, CARG1, CARG2
  |  srlv CARG1, CARG1, TMP0
  |.elif shmod == 2
  |  li AT, 32
  |  subu TMP0, AT, CARG2
  |  srlv CARG2, CARG1, CARG2
  |  sllv CARG1, CARG1, TMP0
  |.endif
  |  b ->fff_resi
  |.  ins CRET1, CARG1, CARG2
  |.endmacro
  |
  |.ffunc_bit_sh lshift, sllv, 0
  |.ffunc_bit_sh rshift, srlv, 0
  |.ffunc_bit_sh arshift, srav, 0
  |// Can't use rotrv, since it's only in MIPS32R2.
  |.ffunc_bit_sh rol, or, 1
  |.ffunc_bit_sh ror, or, 2
  |
  |.ffunc_bit tobit
  |->fff_resi:
  |  mtc1 CRET1, FRET1
  |  b ->fff_resn
  |.  cvt.d.w FRET1, FRET1
  |
  |//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
  |
  |->fff_fallback:                      // Call fast function fallback handler.
  |  // BASE = new base, RB = CFUNC, RC = nargs*8
  |  lw TMP3, CFUNC:RB->f
  |    addu TMP1, BASE, NARGS8:RC
  |   lw PC, FRAME_PC(BASE)             // Fallback may overwrite PC.
  |    addiu TMP0, TMP1, 8*LUA_MINSTACK
  |     lw TMP2, L->maxstack
  |   sw PC, SAVE_PC                    // Redundant (but a defined value).
  |  sltu AT, TMP2, TMP0
  |     sw BASE, L->base
  |    sw TMP1, L->top
  |  bnez AT, >5                        // Need to grow stack.
  |.  move CFUNCADDR, TMP3
  |  jalr TMP3                          // (lua_State *L)
  |.  move CARG1, L
  |  // Either throws an error, or recovers and returns -1, 0 or nresults+1.
  |  lw BASE, L->base
  |   sll RD, CRET1, 3
  |  bgtz CRET1, ->fff_res              // Returned nresults+1?
  |.  addiu RA, BASE, -8
  |1:  // Returned 0 or -1: retry fast path.
  |  lw TMP0, L->top
  |   lw LFUNC:RB, FRAME_FUNC(BASE)
  |  bnez CRET1, ->vm_call_tail         // Returned -1?
  |.  subu NARGS8:RC, TMP0, BASE
  |  ins_callt                          // Returned 0: retry fast path.
  |
  |// Reconstruct previous base for vmeta_call during tailcall.
  |->vm_call_tail:
  |  andi TMP0, PC, FRAME_TYPE
  |   li AT, -4
  |  bnez TMP0, >3
  |.  and TMP1, PC, AT
  |  lbu TMP1, OFS_RA(PC)
  |  sll TMP1, TMP1, 3
  |  addiu TMP1, TMP1, 8
  |3:
  |  b ->vm_call_dispatch               // Resolve again for tailcall.
  |.  subu TMP2, BASE, TMP1
  |
  |5:  // Grow stack for fallback handler.
  |  load_got lj_state_growstack
  |  li CARG2, LUA_MINSTACK
  |  call_intern lj_state_growstack     // (lua_State *L, int n)
  |.  move CARG1, L
  |  lw BASE, L->base
  |  b <1
  |.  li CRET1, 0                       // Force retry.
  |
  |->fff_gcstep:                        // Call GC step function.
  |  // BASE = new base, RC = nargs*8
  |  move MULTRES, ra
  |  load_got lj_gc_step
  |   sw BASE, L->base
  |  addu TMP0, BASE, NARGS8:RC
  |   sw PC, SAVE_PC                    // Redundant (but a defined value).
  |  sw TMP0, L->top
  |  call_intern lj_gc_step             // (lua_State *L)
  |.  move CARG1, L
  |   lw BASE, L->base
  |  move ra, MULTRES
  |    lw TMP0, L->top
  |  lw CFUNC:RB, FRAME_FUNC(BASE)
  |  jr ra
  |.  subu NARGS8:RC, TMP0, BASE
  |
  |//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
  |//-- Special dispatch targets -------------------------------------------
  |//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
  |
  |->vm_record:                         // Dispatch target for recording phase.
  |.if JIT
  |  lbu TMP3, DISPATCH_GL(hookmask)(DISPATCH)
  |  andi AT, TMP3, HOOK_VMEVENT        // No recording while in vmevent.
  |  bnez AT, >5
  |  // Decrement the hookcount for consistency, but always do the call.
  |.  lw TMP2, DISPATCH_GL(hookcount)(DISPATCH)
  |  andi AT, TMP3, HOOK_ACTIVE
  |  bnez AT, >1
  |.  addiu TMP2, TMP2, -1
  |  andi AT, TMP3, LUA_MASKLINE|LUA_MASKCOUNT
  |  beqz AT, >1
  |.  nop
  |  b >1
  |.  sw TMP2, DISPATCH_GL(hookcount)(DISPATCH)
  |.endif
  |
  |->vm_rethook:                        // Dispatch target for return hooks.
  |  lbu TMP3, DISPATCH_GL(hookmask)(DISPATCH)
  |  andi AT, TMP3, HOOK_ACTIVE         // Hook already active?
  |  beqz AT, >1
  |5:  // Re-dispatch to static ins.
  |.  lw AT, GG_DISP2STATIC(TMP0)       // Assumes TMP0 holds DISPATCH+OP*4.
  |  jr AT
  |.  nop
  |
  |->vm_inshook:                        // Dispatch target for instr/line hooks.
  |  lbu TMP3, DISPATCH_GL(hookmask)(DISPATCH)
  |  lw TMP2, DISPATCH_GL(hookcount)(DISPATCH)
  |  andi AT, TMP3, HOOK_ACTIVE         // Hook already active?
  |  bnez AT, <5
  |.  andi AT, TMP3, LUA_MASKLINE|LUA_MASKCOUNT
  |  beqz AT, <5
  |.  addiu TMP2, TMP2, -1
  |  beqz TMP2, >1
  |.  sw TMP2, DISPATCH_GL(hookcount)(DISPATCH)
  |  andi AT, TMP3, LUA_MASKLINE
  |  beqz AT, <5
  |1:
  |.  load_got lj_dispatch_ins
  |   sw MULTRES, SAVE_MULTRES
  |  move CARG2, PC
  |   sw BASE, L->base
  |  // SAVE_PC must hold the _previous_ PC. The callee updates it with PC.
  |  call_intern lj_dispatch_ins        // (lua_State *L, const BCIns *pc)
  |.  move CARG1, L
  |3:
  |  lw BASE, L->base
  |4:  // Re-dispatch to static ins.
  |  lw INS, -4(PC)
  |  decode_OP4a TMP1, INS
  |  decode_OP4b TMP1
  |  addu TMP0, DISPATCH, TMP1
  |   decode_RD8a RD, INS
  |  lw AT, GG_DISP2STATIC(TMP0)
  |   decode_RA8a RA, INS
  |   decode_RD8b RD
  |  jr AT
  |   decode_RA8b RA
  |
  |->cont_hook:                         // Continue from hook yield.
  |  addiu PC, PC, 4
  |  b <4
  |.  lw MULTRES, -24+LO(RB)            // Restore MULTRES for *M ins.
  |
  |->vm_hotloop:                        // Hot loop counter underflow.
  |.if JIT
  |  lw LFUNC:TMP1, FRAME_FUNC(BASE)
  |   addiu CARG1, DISPATCH, GG_DISP2J
  |   sw PC, SAVE_PC
  |  lw TMP1, LFUNC:TMP1->pc
  |   move CARG2, PC
  |   sw L, DISPATCH_J(L)(DISPATCH)
  |  lbu TMP1, PC2PROTO(framesize)(TMP1)
  |  load_got lj_trace_hot
  |   sw BASE, L->base
  |  sll TMP1, TMP1, 3
  |  addu TMP1, BASE, TMP1
  |  call_intern lj_trace_hot           // (jit_State *J, const BCIns *pc)
  |.  sw TMP1, L->top
  |  b <3
  |.  nop
  |.endif
  |
  |->vm_callhook:                       // Dispatch target for call hooks.
  |.if JIT
  |  b >1
  |.endif
  |.  move CARG2, PC
  |
  |->vm_hotcall:                        // Hot call counter underflow.
  |.if JIT
  |  ori CARG2, PC, 1
  |1:
  |.endif
  |  load_got lj_dispatch_call
  |  addu TMP0, BASE, RC
  |   sw PC, SAVE_PC
  |   sw BASE, L->base
  |  subu RA, RA, BASE
  |   sw TMP0, L->top
  |  call_intern lj_dispatch_call       // (lua_State *L, const BCIns *pc)
  |.  move CARG1, L
  |  // Returns ASMFunction.
  |  lw BASE, L->base
  |   lw TMP0, L->top
  |   sw r0, SAVE_PC                    // Invalidate for subsequent line hook.
  |  subu NARGS8:RC, TMP0, BASE
  |  addu RA, BASE, RA
  |  lw LFUNC:RB, FRAME_FUNC(BASE)
  |  jr CRET1
  |.  lw INS, -4(PC)
  |
  |//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
  |//-- Trace exit handler -------------------------------------------------
  |//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
  |
  |.macro savex_, a, b
  |  sdc1 f..a, 16+a*8(sp)
  |  sw r..a, 16+32*8+a*4(sp)
  |  sw r..b, 16+32*8+b*4(sp)
  |.endmacro
  |
  |->vm_exit_handler:
  |.if JIT
  |  addiu sp, sp, -(16+32*8+32*4)
  |  savex_ 0, 1
  |  savex_ 2, 3
  |  savex_ 4, 5
  |  savex_ 6, 7
  |  savex_ 8, 9
  |  savex_ 10, 11
  |  savex_ 12, 13
  |  savex_ 14, 15
  |  savex_ 16, 17
  |  savex_ 18, 19
  |  savex_ 20, 21
  |  savex_ 22, 23
  |  savex_ 24, 25
  |  savex_ 26, 27
  |  sdc1 f28, 16+28*8(sp)
  |  sw r28, 16+32*8+28*4(sp)
  |  sdc1 f30, 16+30*8(sp)
  |  sw r30, 16+32*8+30*4(sp)
  |  sw r0, 16+32*8+31*4(sp)            // Clear RID_TMP.
  |  li_vmstate EXIT
  |   addiu TMP2, sp, 16+32*8+32*4      // Recompute original value of sp.
  |  addiu DISPATCH, JGL, -GG_DISP2G-32768
  |  lw TMP1, 0(TMP2)                   // Load exit number.
  |  st_vmstate
  |   sw TMP2, 16+32*8+29*4(sp)         // Store sp in RID_SP.
  |  lw L, DISPATCH_GL(jit_L)(DISPATCH)
  |  lw BASE, DISPATCH_GL(jit_base)(DISPATCH)
  |  load_got lj_trace_exit
  |  sw L, DISPATCH_J(L)(DISPATCH)
  |  sw ra, DISPATCH_J(parent)(DISPATCH)  // Store trace number.
  |  sw TMP1, DISPATCH_J(exitno)(DISPATCH)  // Store exit number.
  |  addiu CARG1, DISPATCH, GG_DISP2J
  |  sw BASE, L->base
  |  call_intern lj_trace_exit          // (jit_State *J, ExitState *ex)
  |.  addiu CARG2, sp, 16
  |  // Returns MULTRES (unscaled) or negated error code.
  |  lw TMP1, L->cframe
  |  li AT, -4
  |   lw BASE, L->base
  |  and sp, TMP1, AT
  |   lw PC, SAVE_PC                    // Get SAVE_PC.
  |  b >1
  |.  sw L, SAVE_L                      // Set SAVE_L (on-trace resume/yield).
  |.endif
  |->vm_exit_interp:
  |.if JIT
  |  // CRET1 = MULTRES or negated error code, BASE, PC and JGL set.
  |  lw L, SAVE_L
  |  addiu DISPATCH, JGL, -GG_DISP2G-32768
  |1:
  |  bltz CRET1, >3                     // Check for error from exit.
  |.  lw LFUNC:TMP1, FRAME_FUNC(BASE)
  |    lui TMP3, 0x59c0                 // TOBIT = 2^52 + 2^51 (float).
  |  sll MULTRES, CRET1, 3
  |    li TISNIL, LJ_TNIL
  |  sw MULTRES, SAVE_MULTRES
  |    mtc1 TMP3, TOBIT
  |  lw TMP1, LFUNC:TMP1->pc
  |   sw r0, DISPATCH_GL(jit_L)(DISPATCH)
  |  lw KBASE, PC2PROTO(k)(TMP1)
  |    cvt.d.s TOBIT, TOBIT
  |  // Modified copy of ins_next which handles function header dispatch, too.
  |  lw INS, 0(PC)
  |   addiu PC, PC, 4
  |    // Assumes TISNIL == ~LJ_VMST_INTERP == -1
  |    sw TISNIL, DISPATCH_GL(vmstate)(DISPATCH)
  |  decode_OP4a TMP1, INS
  |  decode_OP4b TMP1
  |    sltiu TMP2, TMP1, BC_FUNCF*4     // Function header?
  |  addu TMP0, DISPATCH, TMP1
  |   decode_RD8a RD, INS
  |  lw AT, 0(TMP0)
  |   decode_RA8a RA, INS
  |    beqz TMP2, >2
  |.  decode_RA8b RA
  |  jr AT
  |.  decode_RD8b RD
  |2:
  |  addiu RC, MULTRES, -8
  |  jr AT
  |.  addu RA, RA, BASE
  |
  |3:  // Rethrow error from the right C frame.
  |  load_got lj_err_throw
  |  negu CARG2, CRET1
  |  call_intern lj_err_throw           // (lua_State *L, int errcode)
  |.  move CARG1, L
  |.endif
  |
  |//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
  |//-- Math helper functions ----------------------------------------------
  |//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
  |
  |// Modifies AT, TMP0, FRET1, FRET2, f4. Keeps all others incl. FARG1.
  |.macro vm_round, func
  |  lui TMP0, 0x4330                   // Hiword of 2^52 (double).
  |  mtc1 r0, f4
  |  mtc1 TMP0, f5
  |  abs.d FRET2, FARG1                 // |x|
  |    mfc1 AT, f13
  |  c.olt.d 0, FRET2, f4
  |   add.d FRET1, FRET2, f4            // (|x| + 2^52) - 2^52
  |  bc1f 0, >1                         // Truncate only if |x| < 2^52.
  |.  sub.d FRET1, FRET1, f4
  |    slt AT, AT, r0
  |.if "func" == "ceil"
  |   lui TMP0, 0xbff0                  // Hiword of -1 (double). Preserves -0.
  |.else
  |   lui TMP0, 0x3ff0                  // Hiword of +1 (double).
  |.endif
  |.if "func" == "trunc"
  |   mtc1 TMP0, f5
  |  c.olt.d 0, FRET2, FRET1            // |x| < result?
  |   sub.d FRET2, FRET1, f4
  |  movt.d FRET1, FRET2, 0             // If yes, subtract +1.
  |  neg.d FRET2, FRET1
  |  jr ra
  |.  movn.d FRET1, FRET2, AT           // Merge sign bit back in.
  |.else
  |  neg.d FRET2, FRET1
  |   mtc1 TMP0, f5
  |  movn.d FRET1, FRET2, AT            // Merge sign bit back in.
  |.if "func" == "ceil"
  |  c.olt.d 0, FRET1, FARG1            // x > result?
  |.else
  |  c.olt.d 0, FARG1, FRET1            // x < result?
  |.endif
  |   sub.d FRET2, FRET1, f4            // If yes, subtract +-1.
  |  jr ra
  |.  movt.d FRET1, FRET2, 0
  |.endif
  |1:
  |  jr ra
  |.  mov.d FRET1, FARG1
  |.endmacro
  |
  |->vm_floor:
  |  vm_round floor
  |->vm_ceil:
  |  vm_round ceil
  |->vm_trunc:
  |.if JIT
  |  vm_round trunc
  |.endif
  |
  |//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
  |//-- Miscellaneous functions --------------------------------------------
  |//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
  |
  |//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
  |//-- FFI helper functions -----------------------------------------------
  |//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
  |
  |// Handler for callback functions. Callback slot number in r1, g in r2.
  |->vm_ffi_callback:
  |.if FFI
  |.type CTSTATE, CTState, PC
  |  saveregs
  |  lw CTSTATE, GL:r2->ctype_state
  |   addiu DISPATCH, r2, GG_G2DISP
  |  load_got lj_ccallback_enter
  |  sw r1, CTSTATE->cb.slot
  |  sw CARG1, CTSTATE->cb.gpr[0]
  |  sw CARG2, CTSTATE->cb.gpr[1]
  |   sdc1 FARG1, CTSTATE->cb.fpr[0]
  |  sw CARG3, CTSTATE->cb.gpr[2]
  |  sw CARG4, CTSTATE->cb.gpr[3]
  |   sdc1 FARG2, CTSTATE->cb.fpr[1]
  |  addiu TMP0, sp, CFRAME_SPACE+16
  |  sw TMP0, CTSTATE->cb.stack
  |  sw r0, SAVE_PC                     // Any value outside of bytecode is ok.
  |   move CARG2, sp
  |  call_intern lj_ccallback_enter     // (CTState *cts, void *cf)
  |.  move CARG1, CTSTATE
  |  // Returns lua_State *.
  |  lw BASE, L:CRET1->base
  |  lw RC, L:CRET1->top
  |   move L, CRET1
  |     lui TMP3, 0x59c0                // TOBIT = 2^52 + 2^51 (float).
  |  lw LFUNC:RB, FRAME_FUNC(BASE)
  |     mtc1 TMP3, TOBIT
  |    li_vmstate INTERP
  |     li TISNIL, LJ_TNIL
  |  subu RC, RC, BASE
  |    st_vmstate
  |     cvt.d.s TOBIT, TOBIT
  |  ins_callt
  |.endif
  |
  |->cont_ffi_callback:                 // Return from FFI callback.
  |.if FFI
  |  load_got lj_ccallback_leave
  |  lw CTSTATE, DISPATCH_GL(ctype_state)(DISPATCH)
  |   sw BASE, L->base
  |   sw RB, L->top
  |  sw L, CTSTATE->L
  |  move CARG2, RA
  |  call_intern lj_ccallback_leave     // (CTState *cts, TValue *o)
  |.  move CARG1, CTSTATE
  |  lw CRET1, CTSTATE->cb.gpr[0]
  |   ldc1 FRET1, CTSTATE->cb.fpr[0]
  |  lw CRET2, CTSTATE->cb.gpr[1]
  |  b ->vm_leave_unw
  |.  ldc1 FRET2, CTSTATE->cb.fpr[1]
  |.endif
  |
  |->vm_ffi_call:                       // Call C function via FFI.
  |  // Caveat: needs special frame unwinding, see below.
  |.if FFI
  |  .type CCSTATE, CCallState, CARG1
  |  lw TMP1, CCSTATE->spadj
  |   lbu CARG2, CCSTATE->nsp
  |  move TMP2, sp
  |  subu sp, sp, TMP1
  |  sw ra, -4(TMP2)
  |   sll CARG2, CARG2, 2
  |  sw r16, -8(TMP2)
  |  sw CCSTATE, -12(TMP2)
  |  move r16, TMP2
  |  addiu TMP1, CCSTATE, offsetof(CCallState, stack)
  |  addiu TMP2, sp, 16
  |  beqz CARG2, >2
  |.  addu TMP3, TMP1, CARG2
  |1:
  |   lw TMP0, 0(TMP1)
  |  addiu TMP1, TMP1, 4
  |  sltu AT, TMP1, TMP3
  |   sw TMP0, 0(TMP2)
  |  bnez AT, <1
  |.  addiu TMP2, TMP2, 4
  |2:
  |  lw CFUNCADDR, CCSTATE->func
  |  lw CARG2, CCSTATE->gpr[1]
  |  lw CARG3, CCSTATE->gpr[2]
  |  lw CARG4, CCSTATE->gpr[3]
  |  ldc1 FARG1, CCSTATE->fpr[0]
  |  ldc1 FARG2, CCSTATE->fpr[1]
  |  jalr CFUNCADDR
  |.  lw CARG1, CCSTATE->gpr[0]         // Do this last, since CCSTATE is CARG1.
  |  lw CCSTATE:TMP1, -12(r16)
  |  lw TMP2, -8(r16)
  |  lw ra, -4(r16)
  |  sw CRET1, CCSTATE:TMP1->gpr[0]
  |  sw CRET2, CCSTATE:TMP1->gpr[1]
  |  sdc1 FRET1, CCSTATE:TMP1->fpr[0]
  |  sdc1 FRET2, CCSTATE:TMP1->fpr[1]
  |  move sp, r16
  |  jr ra
  |.  move r16, TMP2
  |.endif
  |// Note: vm_ffi_call must be the last function in this object file!
  |
  |//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
}

/* Generate the code for a single instruction. */
static void build_ins(BuildCtx *ctx, BCOp op, int defop)
{
  int vk = 0;
  |=>defop:

  switch (op) {

  /* -- Comparison ops ---------------------------------------------------- */

  /* Remember: all ops branch for a true comparison, fall through otherwise. */

  case BC_ISLT: case BC_ISGE: case BC_ISLE: case BC_ISGT:
    |  // RA = src1*8, RD = src2*8, JMP with RD = target
    |  addu CARG2, BASE, RA
    |   addu CARG3, BASE, RD
    |  lw TMP0, HI(CARG2)
    |   lw TMP1, HI(CARG3)
    |   ldc1 f0, 0(CARG2)
    |   ldc1 f2, 0(CARG3)
    |  sltiu TMP0, TMP0, LJ_TISNUM
    |   sltiu TMP1, TMP1, LJ_TISNUM
    |    lhu TMP2, OFS_RD(PC)
    |  and TMP0, TMP0, TMP1
    |    addiu PC, PC, 4
    |  beqz TMP0, ->vmeta_comp
    |.   lui TMP1, (-(BCBIAS_J*4 >> 16) & 65535)
    |    decode_RD4b TMP2
    |    addu TMP2, TMP2, TMP1
    if (op == BC_ISLT || op == BC_ISGE) {
      |  c.olt.d f0, f2
    } else {
      |  c.ole.d f0, f2
    }
    if (op == BC_ISLT || op == BC_ISLE) {
      |  movf TMP2, r0
    } else {
      |  movt TMP2, r0
    }
    |  addu PC, PC, TMP2
    |1:
    |  ins_next
    break;

  case BC_ISEQV: case BC_ISNEV:
    vk = op == BC_ISEQV;
    |  // RA = src1*8, RD = src2*8, JMP with RD = target
    |  addu RA, BASE, RA
    |   addiu PC, PC, 4
    |  lw TMP0, HI(RA)
    |   ldc1 f0, 0(RA)
    |  addu RD, BASE, RD
    |    lhu TMP2, -4+OFS_RD(PC)
    |   lw TMP1, HI(RD)
    |   ldc1 f2, 0(RD)
    |    lui TMP3, (-(BCBIAS_J*4 >> 16) & 65535)
    |  sltiu AT, TMP0, LJ_TISNUM
    |  sltiu CARG1, TMP1, LJ_TISNUM
    |    decode_RD4b TMP2
    |  and AT, AT, CARG1
    |  beqz AT, >5
    |.   addu TMP2, TMP2, TMP3
    |  c.eq.d f0, f2
    if (vk) {
      |  movf TMP2, r0
    } else {
      |  movt TMP2, r0
    }
    |1:
    |  addu PC, PC, TMP2
    |  ins_next
    |5:  // Either or both types are not numbers.
    |  lw CARG2, LO(RA)
    |  lw CARG3, LO(RD)
    |.if FFI
    |  li TMP3, LJ_TCDATA
    |  beq TMP0, TMP3, ->vmeta_equal_cd
    |.endif
    |.  sltiu AT, TMP0, LJ_TISPRI               // Not a primitive?
    |.if FFI
    |  beq TMP1, TMP3, ->vmeta_equal_cd
    |.endif
    |.  xor TMP3, CARG2, CARG3                  // Same tv?
    |  xor TMP1, TMP1, TMP0                     // Same type?
    |  sltiu CARG1, TMP0, LJ_TISTABUD+1         // Table or userdata?
    |  movz TMP3, r0, AT                        // Ignore tv if primitive.
    |  movn CARG1, r0, TMP1                     // Tab/ud and same type?
    |  or AT, TMP1, TMP3                        // Same type && (pri||same tv).
    |  movz CARG1, r0, AT
    |  beqz CARG1, <1   // Done if not tab/ud or not same type or same tv.
    if (vk) {
      |.  movn TMP2, r0, AT
    } else {
      |.  movz TMP2, r0, AT
    }
    |  // Different tables or userdatas. Need to check __eq metamethod.
    |  // Field metatable must be at same offset for GCtab and GCudata!
    |  lw TAB:TMP1, TAB:CARG2->metatable
    |  beqz TAB:TMP1, <1                // No metatable?
    |.  nop
    |  lbu TMP1, TAB:TMP1->nomm
    |  andi TMP1, TMP1, 1<<MM_eq
    |  bnez TMP1, <1                    // Or 'no __eq' flag set?
    |.  nop
    |  b ->vmeta_equal                  // Handle __eq metamethod.
    |.  li CARG4, 1-vk                  // ne = 0 or 1.
    break;

  case BC_ISEQS: case BC_ISNES:
    vk = op == BC_ISEQS;
    |  // RA = src*8, RD = str_const*8 (~), JMP with RD = target
    |  addu RA, BASE, RA
    |   addiu PC, PC, 4
    |  lw TMP0, HI(RA)
    |   srl RD, RD, 1
    |  lw STR:TMP3, LO(RA)
    |   subu RD, KBASE, RD
    |    lhu TMP2, -4+OFS_RD(PC)
    |.if FFI
    |  li AT, LJ_TCDATA
    |  beq TMP0, AT, ->vmeta_equal_cd
    |.endif
    |.  lw STR:TMP1, -4(RD)             // KBASE-4-str_const*4
    |  addiu TMP0, TMP0, -LJ_TSTR
    |   decode_RD4b TMP2
    |  xor TMP1, STR:TMP1, STR:TMP3
    |  or TMP0, TMP0, TMP1
    |   lui TMP3, (-(BCBIAS_J*4 >> 16) & 65535)
    |   addu TMP2, TMP2, TMP3
    if (vk) {
      |  movn TMP2, r0, TMP0
    } else {
      |  movz TMP2, r0, TMP0
    }
    |  addu PC, PC, TMP2
    |  ins_next
    break;

  case BC_ISEQN: case BC_ISNEN:
    vk = op == BC_ISEQN;
    |  // RA = src*8, RD = num_const*8, JMP with RD = target
    |  addu RA, BASE, RA
    |   addiu PC, PC, 4
    |  lw TMP0, HI(RA)
    |   ldc1 f0, 0(RA)
    |  addu RD, KBASE, RD
    |    lhu TMP2, -4+OFS_RD(PC)
    |   ldc1 f2, 0(RD)
    |    lui TMP3, (-(BCBIAS_J*4 >> 16) & 65535)
    |  sltiu AT, TMP0, LJ_TISNUM
    |    decode_RD4b TMP2
    |.if FFI
    |  beqz AT, >5
    |.else
    |  beqz AT, >1
    |.endif
    |.   addu TMP2, TMP2, TMP3
    |   c.eq.d f0, f2
    if (vk) {
      |  movf TMP2, r0
      |  addu PC, PC, TMP2
      |1:
    } else {
      |  movt TMP2, r0
      |1:
      |  addu PC, PC, TMP2
    }
    |  ins_next
    |.if FFI
    |5:
    |  li AT, LJ_TCDATA
    |  beq TMP0, AT, ->vmeta_equal_cd
    |.  nop
    |  b <1
    |.  nop
    |.endif
    break;

  case BC_ISEQP: case BC_ISNEP:
    vk = op == BC_ISEQP;
    |  // RA = src*8, RD = primitive_type*8 (~), JMP with RD = target
    |  addu RA, BASE, RA
    |   srl TMP1, RD, 3
    |  lw TMP0, HI(RA)
    |    lhu TMP2, OFS_RD(PC)
    |   not TMP1, TMP1
    |    addiu PC, PC, 4
    |.if FFI
    |  li AT, LJ_TCDATA
    |  beq TMP0, AT, ->vmeta_equal_cd
    |.endif
    |.  xor TMP0, TMP0, TMP1
    |  decode_RD4b TMP2
    |  lui TMP3, (-(BCBIAS_J*4 >> 16) & 65535)
    |  addu TMP2, TMP2, TMP3
    if (vk) {
      |  movn TMP2, r0, TMP0
    } else {
      |  movz TMP2, r0, TMP0
    }
    |  addu PC, PC, TMP2
    |  ins_next
    break;

  /* -- Unary test and copy ops ------------------------------------------- */

  case BC_ISTC: case BC_ISFC: case BC_IST: case BC_ISF:
    |  // RA = dst*8 or unused, RD = src*8, JMP with RD = target
    |  addu RD, BASE, RD
    |   lhu TMP2, OFS_RD(PC)
    |  lw TMP0, HI(RD)
    |   addiu PC, PC, 4
    if (op == BC_IST || op == BC_ISF) {
      |  sltiu TMP0, TMP0, LJ_TISTRUECOND
      |   decode_RD4b TMP2
      |   lui TMP3, (-(BCBIAS_J*4 >> 16) & 65535)
      |   addu TMP2, TMP2, TMP3
      if (op == BC_IST) {
        |  movz TMP2, r0, TMP0
      } else {
        |  movn TMP2, r0, TMP0
      }
      |  addu PC, PC, TMP2
    } else {
      |  sltiu TMP0, TMP0, LJ_TISTRUECOND
      |  ldc1 f0, 0(RD)
      if (op == BC_ISTC) {
        |  beqz TMP0, >1
      } else {
        |  bnez TMP0, >1
      }
      |.  addu RA, BASE, RA
      |   decode_RD4b TMP2
      |   lui TMP3, (-(BCBIAS_J*4 >> 16) & 65535)
      |   addu TMP2, TMP2, TMP3
      |  sdc1 f0, 0(RA)
      |   addu PC, PC, TMP2
      |1:
    }
    |  ins_next
    break;

  /* -- Unary ops --------------------------------------------------------- */

  case BC_MOV:
    |  // RA = dst*8, RD = src*8
    |  addu RD, BASE, RD
    |  addu RA, BASE, RA
    |  ldc1 f0, 0(RD)
    |  ins_next1
    |  sdc1 f0, 0(RA)
    |  ins_next2
    break;
  case BC_NOT:
    |  // RA = dst*8, RD = src*8
    |  addu RD, BASE, RD
    |   addu RA, BASE, RA
    |  lw TMP0, HI(RD)
    |   li TMP1, LJ_TFALSE
    |  sltiu TMP0, TMP0, LJ_TISTRUECOND
    |  addiu TMP1, TMP0, LJ_TTRUE
    |  ins_next1
    |  sw TMP1, HI(RA)
    |  ins_next2
    break;
  case BC_UNM:
    |  // RA = dst*8, RD = src*8
    |  addu CARG3, BASE, RD
    |   addu RA, BASE, RA
    |  lw TMP0, HI(CARG3)
    |   ldc1 f0, 0(CARG3)
    |  sltiu AT, TMP0, LJ_TISNUM
    |  beqz AT, ->vmeta_unm
    |.  neg.d f0, f0
    |  ins_next1
    |   sdc1 f0, 0(RA)
    |  ins_next2
    break;
  case BC_LEN:
    |  // RA = dst*8, RD = src*8
    |  addu CARG2, BASE, RD
    |   addu RA, BASE, RA
    |  lw TMP0, HI(CARG2)
    |   lw CARG1, LO(CARG2)
    |  li AT, LJ_TSTR
    |  bne TMP0, AT, >2
    |.  li AT, LJ_TTAB
    |  lw CRET1, STR:CARG1->len
    |1:
    |  mtc1 CRET1, f0
    |  cvt.d.w f0, f0
    |  ins_next1
    |  sdc1 f0, 0(RA)
    |  ins_next2
    |2:
    |  bne TMP0, AT, ->vmeta_len
    |.  nop
#if LJ_52
    |  lw TAB:TMP2, TAB:CARG1->metatable
    |  bnez TAB:TMP2, >9
    |.  nop
    |3:
#endif
    |->BC_LEN_Z:
    |  load_got lj_tab_len
    |  call_intern lj_tab_len           // (GCtab *t)
    |.  nop
    |  // Returns uint32_t (but less than 2^31).
    |  b <1
    |.  nop
#if LJ_52
    |9:
    |  lbu TMP0, TAB:TMP2->nomm
    |  andi TMP0, TMP0, 1<<MM_len
    |  bnez TMP0, <3                    // 'no __len' flag set: done.
    |.  nop
    |  b ->vmeta_len
    |.  nop
#endif
    break;

  /* -- Binary ops -------------------------------------------------------- */

    |.macro ins_arithpre
    ||vk = ((int)op - BC_ADDVN) / (BC_ADDNV-BC_ADDVN);
    |  decode_RB8a RB, INS
    |  decode_RB8b RB
    |   decode_RDtoRC8 RC, RD
    |  // RA = dst*8, RB = src1*8, RC = src2*8 | num_const*8
    ||switch (vk) {
    ||case 0:
    |   addu CARG3, BASE, RB
    |    addu CARG4, KBASE, RC
    |   lw TMP1, HI(CARG3)
    |   ldc1 f20, 0(CARG3)
    |    ldc1 f22, 0(CARG4)
    |   sltiu AT, TMP1, LJ_TISNUM
    ||  break;
    ||case 1:
    |   addu CARG4, BASE, RB
    |    addu CARG3, KBASE, RC
    |   lw TMP1, HI(CARG4)
    |   ldc1 f22, 0(CARG4)
    |    ldc1 f20, 0(CARG3)
    |   sltiu AT, TMP1, LJ_TISNUM
    ||  break;
    ||default:
    |   addu CARG3, BASE, RB
    |    addu CARG4, BASE, RC
    |   lw TMP1, HI(CARG3)
    |    lw TMP2, HI(CARG4)
    |   ldc1 f20, 0(CARG3)
    |    ldc1 f22, 0(CARG4)
    |   sltiu AT, TMP1, LJ_TISNUM
    |   sltiu TMP0, TMP2, LJ_TISNUM
    |   and AT, AT, TMP0
    ||  break;
    ||}
    |  beqz AT, ->vmeta_arith
    |.  addu RA, BASE, RA
    |.endmacro
    |
    |.macro fpmod, a, b, c
    |->BC_MODVN_Z:
    |  bal ->vm_floor                   // floor(b/c)
    |.  div.d FARG1, b, c
    |  mul.d a, FRET1, c
    |  sub.d a, b, a                    // b - floor(b/c)*c
    |.endmacro
    |
    |.macro ins_arith, ins
    |  ins_arithpre
    |.if "ins" == "fpmod_"
    |  b ->BC_MODVN_Z                   // Avoid 3 copies. It's slow anyway.
    |.  nop
    |.else
    |  ins f0, f20, f22
    |  ins_next1
    |  sdc1 f0, 0(RA)
    |  ins_next2
    |.endif
    |.endmacro

  case BC_ADDVN: case BC_ADDNV: case BC_ADDVV:
    |  ins_arith add.d
    break;
  case BC_SUBVN: case BC_SUBNV: case BC_SUBVV:
    |  ins_arith sub.d
    break;
  case BC_MULVN: case BC_MULNV: case BC_MULVV:
    |  ins_arith mul.d
    break;
  case BC_DIVVN: case BC_DIVNV: case BC_DIVVV:
    |  ins_arith div.d
    break;
  case BC_MODVN:
    |  ins_arith fpmod
    break;
  case BC_MODNV: case BC_MODVV:
    |  ins_arith fpmod_
    break;
  case BC_POW:
    |  decode_RB8a RB, INS
    |  decode_RB8b RB
    |   decode_RDtoRC8 RC, RD
    |  addu CARG3, BASE, RB
    |   addu CARG4, BASE, RC
    |  lw TMP1, HI(CARG3)
    |   lw TMP2, HI(CARG4)
    |  ldc1 FARG1, 0(CARG3)
    |   ldc1 FARG2, 0(CARG4)
    |  sltiu AT, TMP1, LJ_TISNUM
    |  sltiu TMP0, TMP2, LJ_TISNUM
    |  and AT, AT, TMP0
    |  load_got pow
    |  beqz AT, ->vmeta_arith
    |.  addu RA, BASE, RA
    |  call_extern
    |.  nop
    |  ins_next1
    |  sdc1 FRET1, 0(RA)
    |  ins_next2
    break;

  case BC_CAT:
    |  // RA = dst*8, RB = src_start*8, RC = src_end*8
    |  decode_RB8a RB, INS
    |  decode_RB8b RB
    |   decode_RDtoRC8 RC, RD
    |  subu CARG3, RC, RB
    |   sw BASE, L->base
    |  addu CARG2, BASE, RC
    |  move MULTRES, RB
    |->BC_CAT_Z:
    |  load_got lj_meta_cat
    |  srl CARG3, CARG3, 3
    |   sw PC, SAVE_PC
    |  call_intern lj_meta_cat          // (lua_State *L, TValue *top, int left)
    |.  move CARG1, L
    |  // Returns NULL (finished) or TValue * (metamethod).
    |  bnez CRET1, ->vmeta_binop
    |.  lw BASE, L->base
    |  addu RB, BASE, MULTRES
    |  ldc1 f0, 0(RB)
    |   addu RA, BASE, RA
    |  ins_next1
    |   sdc1 f0, 0(RA)                  // Copy result from RB to RA.
    |  ins_next2
    break;

  /* -- Constant ops ------------------------------------------------------ */

  case BC_KSTR:
    |  // RA = dst*8, RD = str_const*8 (~)
    |  srl TMP1, RD, 1
    |  subu TMP1, KBASE, TMP1
    |  ins_next1
    |  lw TMP0, -4(TMP1)                // KBASE-4-str_const*4
    |  addu RA, BASE, RA
    |   li TMP2, LJ_TSTR
    |  sw TMP0, LO(RA)
    |   sw TMP2, HI(RA)
    |  ins_next2
    break;
  case BC_KCDATA:
    |.if FFI
    |  // RA = dst*8, RD = cdata_const*8 (~)
    |  srl TMP1, RD, 1
    |  subu TMP1, KBASE, TMP1
    |  ins_next1
    |  lw TMP0, -4(TMP1)                // KBASE-4-cdata_const*4
    |  addu RA, BASE, RA
    |   li TMP2, LJ_TCDATA
    |  sw TMP0, LO(RA)
    |   sw TMP2, HI(RA)
    |  ins_next2
    |.endif
    break;
  case BC_KSHORT:
    |  // RA = dst*8, RD = int16_literal*8
    |  sra RD, INS, 16
    |  mtc1 RD, f0
    |  addu RA, BASE, RA
    |  cvt.d.w f0, f0
    |  ins_next1
    |  sdc1 f0, 0(RA)
    |  ins_next2
    break;
  case BC_KNUM:
    |  // RA = dst*8, RD = num_const*8
    |  addu RD, KBASE, RD
    |   addu RA, BASE, RA
    |  ldc1 f0, 0(RD)
    |  ins_next1
    |   sdc1 f0, 0(RA)
    |  ins_next2
    break;
  case BC_KPRI:
    |  // RA = dst*8, RD = primitive_type*8 (~)
    |  srl TMP1, RD, 3
    |   addu RA, BASE, RA
    |  not TMP0, TMP1
    |  ins_next1
    |   sw TMP0, HI(RA)
    |  ins_next2
    break;
  case BC_KNIL:
    |  // RA = base*8, RD = end*8
    |  addu RA, BASE, RA
    |  sw TISNIL, HI(RA)
    |   addiu RA, RA, 8
    |  addu RD, BASE, RD
    |1:
    |  sw TISNIL, HI(RA)
    |  slt AT, RA, RD
    |  bnez AT, <1
    |.  addiu RA, RA, 8
    |  ins_next_
    break;

  /* -- Upvalue and function ops ------------------------------------------ */

  case BC_UGET:
    |  // RA = dst*8, RD = uvnum*8
    |  lw LFUNC:RB, FRAME_FUNC(BASE)
    |   srl RD, RD, 1
    |   addu RD, RD, LFUNC:RB
    |  lw UPVAL:RB, LFUNC:RD->uvptr
    |  ins_next1
    |  lw TMP1, UPVAL:RB->v
    |  ldc1 f0, 0(TMP1)
    |  addu RA, BASE, RA
    |  sdc1 f0, 0(RA)
    |  ins_next2
    break;
  case BC_USETV:
    |  // RA = uvnum*8, RD = src*8
    |  lw LFUNC:RB, FRAME_FUNC(BASE)
    |    srl RA, RA, 1
    |   addu RD, BASE, RD
    |    addu RA, RA, LFUNC:RB
    |   ldc1 f0, 0(RD)
    |  lw UPVAL:RB, LFUNC:RA->uvptr
    |  lbu TMP3, UPVAL:RB->marked
    |   lw CARG2, UPVAL:RB->v
    |  andi TMP3, TMP3, LJ_GC_BLACK     // isblack(uv)
    |  lbu TMP0, UPVAL:RB->closed
    |   lw TMP2, HI(RD)
    |   sdc1 f0, 0(CARG2)
    |  li AT, LJ_GC_BLACK|1
    |  or TMP3, TMP3, TMP0
    |  beq TMP3, AT, >2                 // Upvalue is closed and black?
    |.  addiu TMP2, TMP2, -(LJ_TNUMX+1)
    |1:
    |  ins_next
    |
    |2:  // Check if new value is collectable.
    |  sltiu AT, TMP2, LJ_TISGCV - (LJ_TNUMX+1)
    |  beqz AT, <1                      // tvisgcv(v)
    |.  lw TMP1, LO(RD)
    |  lbu TMP3, GCOBJ:TMP1->gch.marked
    |  andi TMP3, TMP3, LJ_GC_WHITES    // iswhite(v)
    |  beqz TMP3, <1
    |.  load_got lj_gc_barrieruv
    |  // Crossed a write barrier. Move the barrier forward.
    |  call_intern lj_gc_barrieruv      // (global_State *g, TValue *tv)
    |.  addiu CARG1, DISPATCH, GG_DISP2G
    |  b <1
    |.  nop
    break;
  case BC_USETS:
    |  // RA = uvnum*8, RD = str_const*8 (~)
    |  lw LFUNC:RB, FRAME_FUNC(BASE)
    |    srl RA, RA, 1
    |   srl TMP1, RD, 1
    |    addu RA, RA, LFUNC:RB
    |   subu TMP1, KBASE, TMP1
    |  lw UPVAL:RB, LFUNC:RA->uvptr
    |   lw STR:TMP1, -4(TMP1)           // KBASE-4-str_const*4
    |  lbu TMP2, UPVAL:RB->marked
    |   lw CARG2, UPVAL:RB->v
    |   lbu TMP3, STR:TMP1->marked
    |  andi AT, TMP2, LJ_GC_BLACK       // isblack(uv)
    |   lbu TMP2, UPVAL:RB->closed
    |   li TMP0, LJ_TSTR
    |   sw STR:TMP1, LO(CARG2)
    |  bnez AT, >2
    |.  sw TMP0, HI(CARG2)
    |1:
    |  ins_next
    |
    |2:  // Check if string is white and ensure upvalue is closed.
    |  beqz TMP2, <1
    |.  andi AT, TMP3, LJ_GC_WHITES     // iswhite(str)
    |  beqz AT, <1
    |.  load_got lj_gc_barrieruv
    |  // Crossed a write barrier. Move the barrier forward.
    |  call_intern lj_gc_barrieruv      // (global_State *g, TValue *tv)
    |.  addiu CARG1, DISPATCH, GG_DISP2G
    |  b <1
    |.  nop
    break;
  case BC_USETN:
    |  // RA = uvnum*8, RD = num_const*8
    |  lw LFUNC:RB, FRAME_FUNC(BASE)
    |   srl RA, RA, 1
    |    addu RD, KBASE, RD
    |   addu RA, RA, LFUNC:RB
    |    ldc1 f0, 0(RD)
    |  lw UPVAL:RB, LFUNC:RA->uvptr
    |  ins_next1
    |  lw TMP1, UPVAL:RB->v
    |  sdc1 f0, 0(TMP1)
    |  ins_next2
    break;
  case BC_USETP:
    |  // RA = uvnum*8, RD = primitive_type*8 (~)
    |  lw LFUNC:RB, FRAME_FUNC(BASE)
    |   srl RA, RA, 1
    |    srl TMP0, RD, 3
    |   addu RA, RA, LFUNC:RB
    |    not TMP0, TMP0
    |  lw UPVAL:RB, LFUNC:RA->uvptr
    |  ins_next1
    |  lw TMP1, UPVAL:RB->v
    |  sw TMP0, HI(TMP1)
    |  ins_next2
    break;

  case BC_UCLO:
    |  // RA = level*8, RD = target
    |  lw TMP2, L->openupval
    |  branch_RD                        // Do this first since RD is not saved.
    |  load_got lj_func_closeuv
    |   sw BASE, L->base
    |  beqz TMP2, >1
    |.  move CARG1, L
    |  call_intern lj_func_closeuv      // (lua_State *L, TValue *level)
    |.  addu CARG2, BASE, RA
    |  lw BASE, L->base
    |1:
    |  ins_next
    break;

  case BC_FNEW:
    |  // RA = dst*8, RD = proto_const*8 (~) (holding function prototype)
    |  srl TMP1, RD, 1
    |  load_got lj_func_newL_gc
    |  subu TMP1, KBASE, TMP1
    |  lw CARG3, FRAME_FUNC(BASE)
    |  lw CARG2, -4(TMP1)               // KBASE-4-tab_const*4
    |   sw BASE, L->base
    |   sw PC, SAVE_PC
    |  // (lua_State *L, GCproto *pt, GCfuncL *parent)
    |  call_intern lj_func_newL_gc
    |.  move CARG1, L
    |  // Returns GCfuncL *.
    |  lw BASE, L->base
    |   li TMP0, LJ_TFUNC
    |  ins_next1
    |  addu RA, BASE, RA
    |  sw TMP0, HI(RA)
    |  sw LFUNC:CRET1, LO(RA)
    |  ins_next2
    break;

  /* -- Table ops --------------------------------------------------------- */

  case BC_TNEW:
  case BC_TDUP:
    |  // RA = dst*8, RD = (hbits|asize)*8 | tab_const*8 (~)
    |  lw TMP0, DISPATCH_GL(gc.total)(DISPATCH)
    |  lw TMP1, DISPATCH_GL(gc.threshold)(DISPATCH)
    |   sw BASE, L->base
    |   sw PC, SAVE_PC
    |  sltu AT, TMP0, TMP1
    |  beqz AT, >5
    |1:
    if (op == BC_TNEW) {
      |  load_got lj_tab_new
      |  srl CARG2, RD, 3
      |  andi CARG2, CARG2, 0x7ff
      |  li TMP0, 0x801
      |  addiu AT, CARG2, -0x7ff
      |   srl CARG3, RD, 14
      |  movz CARG2, TMP0, AT
      |  // (lua_State *L, int32_t asize, uint32_t hbits)
      |  call_intern lj_tab_new
      |.  move CARG1, L
      |  // Returns Table *.
    } else {
      |  load_got lj_tab_dup
      |  srl TMP1, RD, 1
      |  subu TMP1, KBASE, TMP1
      |  move CARG1, L
      |  call_intern lj_tab_dup         // (lua_State *L, Table *kt)
      |.  lw CARG2, -4(TMP1)            // KBASE-4-str_const*4
      |  // Returns Table *.
    }
    |  lw BASE, L->base
    |  ins_next1
    |  addu RA, BASE, RA
    |   li TMP0, LJ_TTAB
    |  sw TAB:CRET1, LO(RA)
    |   sw TMP0, HI(RA)
    |  ins_next2
    |5:
    |  load_got lj_gc_step_fixtop
    |  move MULTRES, RD
    |  call_intern lj_gc_step_fixtop    // (lua_State *L)
    |.  move CARG1, L
    |  b <1
    |.  move RD, MULTRES
    break;

  case BC_GGET:
    |  // RA = dst*8, RD = str_const*8 (~)
  case BC_GSET:
    |  // RA = src*8, RD = str_const*8 (~)
    |  lw LFUNC:TMP2, FRAME_FUNC(BASE)
    |   srl TMP1, RD, 1
    |   subu TMP1, KBASE, TMP1
    |  lw TAB:RB, LFUNC:TMP2->env
    |  lw STR:RC, -4(TMP1)              // KBASE-4-str_const*4
    if (op == BC_GGET) {
      |  b ->BC_TGETS_Z
    } else {
      |  b ->BC_TSETS_Z
    }
    |.  addu RA, BASE, RA
    break;

  case BC_TGETV:
    |  // RA = dst*8, RB = table*8, RC = key*8
    |  decode_RB8a RB, INS
    |  decode_RB8b RB
    |   decode_RDtoRC8 RC, RD
    |  addu CARG2, BASE, RB
    |   addu CARG3, BASE, RC
    |  lw TMP1, HI(CARG2)
    |   lw TMP2, HI(CARG3)
    |    lw TAB:RB, LO(CARG2)
    |  li AT, LJ_TTAB
    |   ldc1 f0, 0(CARG3)
    |  bne TMP1, AT, ->vmeta_tgetv
    |.  addu RA, BASE, RA
    |  sltiu AT, TMP2, LJ_TISNUM
    |  beqz AT, >5
    |.  li AT, LJ_TSTR
    |
    |  // Convert number key to integer, check for integerness and range.
    |  cvt.w.d f2, f0
    |   lw TMP0, TAB:RB->asize
    |  mfc1 TMP2, f2
    |  cvt.d.w f4, f2
    |   lw TMP1, TAB:RB->array
    |  c.eq.d f0, f4
    |  sltu AT, TMP2, TMP0
    |  movf AT, r0
    |   sll TMP2, TMP2, 3
    |  beqz AT, ->vmeta_tgetv           // Integer key and in array part?
    |.  addu TMP2, TMP1, TMP2
    |  lw TMP0, HI(TMP2)
    |  beq TMP0, TISNIL, >2
    |.  ldc1 f0, 0(TMP2)
    |1:
    |  ins_next1
    |   sdc1 f0, 0(RA)
    |  ins_next2
    |
    |2:  // Check for __index if table value is nil.
    |  lw TAB:TMP2, TAB:RB->metatable
    |  beqz TAB:TMP2, <1                // No metatable: done.
    |.  nop
    |  lbu TMP0, TAB:TMP2->nomm
    |  andi TMP0, TMP0, 1<<MM_index
    |  bnez TMP0, <1                    // 'no __index' flag set: done.
    |.  nop
    |  b ->vmeta_tgetv
    |.  nop
    |
    |5:
    |  bne TMP2, AT, ->vmeta_tgetv
    |.  lw STR:RC, LO(CARG3)
    |  b ->BC_TGETS_Z                   // String key?
    |.  nop
    break;
  case BC_TGETS:
    |  // RA = dst*8, RB = table*8, RC = str_const*4 (~)
    |  decode_RB8a RB, INS
    |  decode_RB8b RB
    |  addu CARG2, BASE, RB
    |   decode_RC4a RC, INS
    |  lw TMP0, HI(CARG2)
    |   decode_RC4b RC
    |  li AT, LJ_TTAB
    |   lw TAB:RB, LO(CARG2)
    |   subu CARG3, KBASE, RC
    |   lw STR:RC, -4(CARG3)            // KBASE-4-str_const*4
    |  bne TMP0, AT, ->vmeta_tgets1
    |.  addu RA, BASE, RA
    |->BC_TGETS_Z:
    |  // TAB:RB = GCtab *, STR:RC = GCstr *, RA = dst*8
    |  lw TMP0, TAB:RB->hmask
    |  lw TMP1, STR:RC->hash
    |  lw NODE:TMP2, TAB:RB->node
    |  and TMP1, TMP1, TMP0             // idx = str->hash & tab->hmask
    |  sll TMP0, TMP1, 5
    |  sll TMP1, TMP1, 3
    |  subu TMP1, TMP0, TMP1
    |  addu NODE:TMP2, NODE:TMP2, TMP1  // node = tab->node + (idx*32-idx*8)
    |1:
    |  lw CARG1, offsetof(Node, key)+HI(NODE:TMP2)
    |   lw TMP0, offsetof(Node, key)+LO(NODE:TMP2)
    |    lw NODE:TMP1, NODE:TMP2->next
    |    lw CARG2, offsetof(Node, val)+HI(NODE:TMP2)
    |  addiu CARG1, CARG1, -LJ_TSTR
    |   xor TMP0, TMP0, STR:RC
    |  or AT, CARG1, TMP0
    |  bnez AT, >4
    |.  lw TAB:TMP3, TAB:RB->metatable
    |    beq CARG2, TISNIL, >5          // Key found, but nil value?
    |.    lw CARG1, offsetof(Node, val)+LO(NODE:TMP2)
    |3:
    |  ins_next1
    |    sw CARG2, HI(RA)
    |     sw CARG1, LO(RA)
    |  ins_next2
    |
    |4:  // Follow hash chain.
    |  bnez NODE:TMP1, <1
    |.  move NODE:TMP2, NODE:TMP1
    |  // End of hash chain: key not found, nil result.
    |
    |5:  // Check for __index if table value is nil.
    |  beqz TAB:TMP3, <3                // No metatable: done.
    |.  li CARG2, LJ_TNIL
    |  lbu TMP0, TAB:TMP3->nomm
    |  andi TMP0, TMP0, 1<<MM_index
    |  bnez TMP0, <3                    // 'no __index' flag set: done.
    |.  nop
    |  b ->vmeta_tgets
    |.  nop
    break;
  case BC_TGETB:
    |  // RA = dst*8, RB = table*8, RC = index*8
    |  decode_RB8a RB, INS
    |  decode_RB8b RB
    |  addu CARG2, BASE, RB
    |   decode_RDtoRC8 RC, RD
    |  lw CARG1, HI(CARG2)
    |  li AT, LJ_TTAB
    |   lw TAB:RB, LO(CARG2)
    |   addu RA, BASE, RA
    |  bne CARG1, AT, ->vmeta_tgetb
    |.  srl TMP0, RC, 3
    |  lw TMP1, TAB:RB->asize
    |   lw TMP2, TAB:RB->array
    |  sltu AT, TMP0, TMP1
    |  beqz AT, ->vmeta_tgetb
    |.  addu RC, TMP2, RC
    |  lw TMP1, HI(RC)
    |  beq TMP1, TISNIL, >5
    |.  ldc1 f0, 0(RC)
    |1:
    |  ins_next1
    |   sdc1 f0, 0(RA)
    |  ins_next2
    |
    |5:  // Check for __index if table value is nil.
    |  lw TAB:TMP2, TAB:RB->metatable
    |  beqz TAB:TMP2, <1                // No metatable: done.
    |.  nop
    |  lbu TMP1, TAB:TMP2->nomm
    |  andi TMP1, TMP1, 1<<MM_index
    |  bnez TMP1, <1                    // 'no __index' flag set: done.
    |.  nop
    |  b ->vmeta_tgetb                  // Caveat: preserve TMP0!
    |.  nop
    break;

  case BC_TSETV:
    |  // RA = src*8, RB = table*8, RC = key*8
    |  decode_RB8a RB, INS
    |  decode_RB8b RB
    |   decode_RDtoRC8 RC, RD
    |  addu CARG2, BASE, RB
    |   addu CARG3, BASE, RC
    |  lw TMP1, HI(CARG2)
    |   lw TMP2, HI(CARG3)
    |    lw TAB:RB, LO(CARG2)
    |  li AT, LJ_TTAB
    |   ldc1 f0, 0(CARG3)
    |  bne TMP1, AT, ->vmeta_tsetv
    |.  addu RA, BASE, RA
    |  sltiu AT, TMP2, LJ_TISNUM
    |  beqz AT, >5
    |.  li AT, LJ_TSTR
    |
    |  // Convert number key to integer, check for integerness and range.
    |  cvt.w.d f2, f0
    |   lw TMP0, TAB:RB->asize
    |  mfc1 TMP2, f2
    |  cvt.d.w f4, f2
    |   lw TMP1, TAB:RB->array
    |  c.eq.d f0, f4
    |  sltu AT, TMP2, TMP0
    |  movf AT, r0
    |   sll TMP2, TMP2, 3
    |  beqz AT, ->vmeta_tsetv           // Integer key and in array part?
    |.  addu TMP1, TMP1, TMP2
    |   lbu TMP3, TAB:RB->marked
    |  lw TMP0, HI(TMP1)
    |  beq TMP0, TISNIL, >3
    |.  ldc1 f0, 0(RA)
    |1:
    |   andi AT, TMP3, LJ_GC_BLACK      // isblack(table)
    |   bnez AT, >7
    |.  sdc1 f0, 0(TMP1)
    |2:
    |  ins_next
    |
    |3:  // Check for __newindex if previous value is nil.
    |  lw TAB:TMP2, TAB:RB->metatable
    |  beqz TAB:TMP2, <1                // No metatable: done.
    |.  nop
    |  lbu TMP2, TAB:TMP2->nomm
    |  andi TMP2, TMP2, 1<<MM_newindex
    |  bnez TMP2, <1                    // 'no __newindex' flag set: done.
    |.  nop
    |  b ->vmeta_tsetv
    |.  nop
    |
    |5:
    |  bne TMP2, AT, ->vmeta_tsetv
    |.  lw STR:RC, LO(CARG3)
    |  b ->BC_TSETS_Z                   // String key?
    |.  nop
    |
    |7:  // Possible table write barrier for the value. Skip valiswhite check.
    |  barrierback TAB:RB, TMP3, TMP0, <2
    break;
  case BC_TSETS:
    |  // RA = src*8, RB = table*8, RC = str_const*8 (~)
    |  decode_RB8a RB, INS
    |  decode_RB8b RB
    |  addu CARG2, BASE, RB
    |   decode_RC4a RC, INS
    |  lw TMP0, HI(CARG2)
    |   decode_RC4b RC
    |  li AT, LJ_TTAB
    |   subu CARG3, KBASE, RC
    |    lw TAB:RB, LO(CARG2)
    |   lw STR:RC, -4(CARG3)            // KBASE-4-str_const*4
    |  bne TMP0, AT, ->vmeta_tsets1
    |.  addu RA, BASE, RA
    |->BC_TSETS_Z:
    |  // TAB:RB = GCtab *, STR:RC = GCstr *, RA = BASE+src*8
    |  lw TMP0, TAB:RB->hmask
    |  lw TMP1, STR:RC->hash
    |  lw NODE:TMP2, TAB:RB->node
    |   sb r0, TAB:RB->nomm             // Clear metamethod cache.
    |  and TMP1, TMP1, TMP0             // idx = str->hash & tab->hmask
    |  sll TMP0, TMP1, 5
    |  sll TMP1, TMP1, 3
    |  subu TMP1, TMP0, TMP1
    |  addu NODE:TMP2, NODE:TMP2, TMP1  // node = tab->node + (idx*32-idx*8)
    |   ldc1 f20, 0(RA)
    |1:
    |  lw CARG1, offsetof(Node, key)+HI(NODE:TMP2)
    |   lw TMP0, offsetof(Node, key)+LO(NODE:TMP2)
    |  li AT, LJ_TSTR
    |    lw NODE:TMP1, NODE:TMP2->next
    |  bne CARG1, AT, >5
    |.   lw CARG2, offsetof(Node, val)+HI(NODE:TMP2)
    |   bne TMP0, STR:RC, >5
    |.    lbu TMP3, TAB:RB->marked
    |    beq CARG2, TISNIL, >4          // Key found, but nil value?
    |.    lw TAB:TMP0, TAB:RB->metatable
    |2:
    |  andi AT, TMP3, LJ_GC_BLACK       // isblack(table)
    |  bnez AT, >7
    |.  sdc1 f20, NODE:TMP2->val
    |3:
    |  ins_next
    |
    |4:  // Check for __newindex if previous value is nil.
    |  beqz TAB:TMP0, <2                // No metatable: done.
    |.  nop
    |  lbu TMP0, TAB:TMP0->nomm
    |  andi TMP0, TMP0, 1<<MM_newindex
    |  bnez TMP0, <2                    // 'no __newindex' flag set: done.
    |.  nop
    |  b ->vmeta_tsets
    |.  nop
    |
    |5:  // Follow hash chain.
    |  bnez NODE:TMP1, <1
    |.  move NODE:TMP2, NODE:TMP1
    |  // End of hash chain: key not found, add a new one
    |
    |  // But check for __newindex first.
    |  lw TAB:TMP2, TAB:RB->metatable
    |  beqz TAB:TMP2, >6                // No metatable: continue.
    |.  addiu CARG3, DISPATCH, DISPATCH_GL(tmptv)
    |  lbu TMP0, TAB:TMP2->nomm
    |  andi TMP0, TMP0, 1<<MM_newindex
    |  beqz TMP0, ->vmeta_tsets         // 'no __newindex' flag NOT set: check.
    |.  li AT, LJ_TSTR
    |6:
    |  load_got lj_tab_newkey
    |  sw STR:RC, LO(CARG3)
    |  sw AT, HI(CARG3)
    |   sw BASE, L->base
    |  move CARG2, TAB:RB
    |   sw PC, SAVE_PC
    |  call_intern lj_tab_newkey        // (lua_State *L, GCtab *t, TValue *k
    |.  move CARG1, L
    |  // Returns TValue *.
    |  lw BASE, L->base
    |  b <3                             // No 2nd write barrier needed.
    |.  sdc1 f20, 0(CRET1)
    |
    |7:  // Possible table write barrier for the value. Skip valiswhite check.
    |  barrierback TAB:RB, TMP3, TMP0, <3
    break;
  case BC_TSETB:
    |  // RA = src*8, RB = table*8, RC = index*8
    |  decode_RB8a RB, INS
    |  decode_RB8b RB
    |  addu CARG2, BASE, RB
    |   decode_RDtoRC8 RC, RD
    |  lw CARG1, HI(CARG2)
    |  li AT, LJ_TTAB
    |   lw TAB:RB, LO(CARG2)
    |   addu RA, BASE, RA
    |  bne CARG1, AT, ->vmeta_tsetb
    |.  srl TMP0, RC, 3
    |  lw TMP1, TAB:RB->asize
    |   lw TMP2, TAB:RB->array
    |  sltu AT, TMP0, TMP1
    |  beqz AT, ->vmeta_tsetb
    |.  addu RC, TMP2, RC
    |  lw TMP1, HI(RC)
    |   lbu TMP3, TAB:RB->marked
    |  beq TMP1, TISNIL, >5
    |.  ldc1 f0, 0(RA)
    |1:
    |  andi AT, TMP3, LJ_GC_BLACK       // isblack(table)
    |  bnez AT, >7
    |.  sdc1 f0, 0(RC)
    |2:
    |  ins_next
    |
    |5:  // Check for __newindex if previous value is nil.
    |  lw TAB:TMP2, TAB:RB->metatable
    |  beqz TAB:TMP2, <1                // No metatable: done.
    |.  nop
    |  lbu TMP1, TAB:TMP2->nomm
    |  andi TMP1, TMP1, 1<<MM_newindex
    |  bnez TMP1, <1                    // 'no __newindex' flag set: done.
    |.  nop
    |  b ->vmeta_tsetb                  // Caveat: preserve TMP0!
    |.  nop
    |
    |7:  // Possible table write barrier for the value. Skip valiswhite check.
    |  barrierback TAB:RB, TMP3, TMP0, <2
    break;

  case BC_TSETM:
    |  // RA = base*8 (table at base-1), RD = num_const*8 (start index)
    |  addu RA, BASE, RA
    |1:
    |   addu TMP3, KBASE, RD
    |  lw TAB:CARG2, -8+LO(RA)          // Guaranteed to be a table.
    |    addiu TMP0, MULTRES, -8
    |   lw TMP3, LO(TMP3)               // Integer constant is in lo-word.
    |    beqz TMP0, >4                  // Nothing to copy?
    |.    srl CARG3, TMP0, 3
    |  addu CARG3, CARG3, TMP3
    |  lw TMP2, TAB:CARG2->asize
    |   sll TMP1, TMP3, 3
    |    lbu TMP3, TAB:CARG2->marked
    |   lw CARG1, TAB:CARG2->array
    |  sltu AT, TMP2, CARG3
    |  bnez AT, >5
    |.  addu TMP2, RA, TMP0
    |   addu TMP1, TMP1, CARG1
    |  andi TMP0, TMP3, LJ_GC_BLACK     // isblack(table)
    |3:  // Copy result slots to table.
    |   ldc1 f0, 0(RA)
    |    addiu RA, RA, 8
    |  sltu AT, RA, TMP2
    |   sdc1 f0, 0(TMP1)
    |  bnez AT, <3
    |.   addiu TMP1, TMP1, 8
    |  bnez TMP0, >7
    |. nop
    |4:
    |  ins_next
    |
    |5:  // Need to resize array part.
    |  load_got lj_tab_reasize
    |   sw BASE, L->base
    |   sw PC, SAVE_PC
    |  move BASE, RD
    |  call_intern lj_tab_reasize       // (lua_State *L, GCtab *t, int nasize)
    |.  move CARG1, L
    |  // Must not reallocate the stack.
    |  move RD, BASE
    |  b <1
    |.  lw BASE, L->base        // Reload BASE for lack of a saved register.
    |
    |7:  // Possible table write barrier for any value. Skip valiswhite check.
    |  barrierback TAB:CARG2, TMP3, TMP0, <4
    break;

  /* -- Calls and vararg handling ----------------------------------------- */

  case BC_CALLM:
    |  // RA = base*8, (RB = (nresults+1)*8,) RC = extra_nargs*8
    |  decode_RDtoRC8 NARGS8:RC, RD
    |  b ->BC_CALL_Z
    |.  addu NARGS8:RC, NARGS8:RC, MULTRES
    break;
  case BC_CALL:
    |  // RA = base*8, (RB = (nresults+1)*8,) RC = (nargs+1)*8
    |  decode_RDtoRC8 NARGS8:RC, RD
    |->BC_CALL_Z:
    |  move TMP2, BASE
    |  addu BASE, BASE, RA
    |   li AT, LJ_TFUNC
    |  lw TMP0, HI(BASE)
    |   lw LFUNC:RB, LO(BASE)
    |   addiu BASE, BASE, 8
    |  bne TMP0, AT, ->vmeta_call
    |.  addiu NARGS8:RC, NARGS8:RC, -8
    |  ins_call
    break;

  case BC_CALLMT:
    |  // RA = base*8, (RB = 0,) RC = extra_nargs*8
    |  addu NARGS8:RD, NARGS8:RD, MULTRES       // BC_CALLT gets RC from RD.
    |  // Fall through. Assumes BC_CALLT follows.
    break;
  case BC_CALLT:
    |  // RA = base*8, (RB = 0,) RC = (nargs+1)*8
    |  addu RA, BASE, RA
    |   li AT, LJ_TFUNC
    |  lw TMP0, HI(RA)
    |   lw LFUNC:RB, LO(RA)
    |   move NARGS8:RC, RD
    |    lw TMP1, FRAME_PC(BASE)
    |   addiu RA, RA, 8
    |  bne TMP0, AT, ->vmeta_callt
    |.  addiu NARGS8:RC, NARGS8:RC, -8
    |->BC_CALLT_Z:
    |  andi TMP0, TMP1, FRAME_TYPE      // Caveat: preserve TMP0 until the 'or'.
    |   lbu TMP3, LFUNC:RB->ffid
    |  bnez TMP0, >7
    |.  xori TMP2, TMP1, FRAME_VARG
    |1:
    |  sw LFUNC:RB, FRAME_FUNC(BASE)    // Copy function down, but keep PC.
    |  sltiu AT, TMP3, 2                // (> FF_C) Calling a fast function?
    |  move TMP2, BASE
    |  beqz NARGS8:RC, >3
    |.  move TMP3, NARGS8:RC
    |2:
    |   ldc1 f0, 0(RA)
    |    addiu RA, RA, 8
    |  addiu TMP3, TMP3, -8
    |   sdc1 f0, 0(TMP2)
    |  bnez TMP3, <2
    |.   addiu TMP2, TMP2, 8
    |3:
    |  or TMP0, TMP0, AT
    |  beqz TMP0, >5
    |.  nop
    |4:
    |  ins_callt
    |
    |5:  // Tailcall to a fast function with a Lua frame below.
    |  lw INS, -4(TMP1)
    |  decode_RA8a RA, INS
    |  decode_RA8b RA
    |  subu TMP1, BASE, RA
    |  lw LFUNC:TMP1, -8+FRAME_FUNC(TMP1)
    |  lw TMP1, LFUNC:TMP1->pc
    |  b <4
    |.  lw KBASE, PC2PROTO(k)(TMP1)     // Need to prepare KBASE.
    |
    |7:  // Tailcall from a vararg function.
    |  andi AT, TMP2, FRAME_TYPEP
    |  bnez AT, <1                      // Vararg frame below?
    |.  subu TMP2, BASE, TMP2           // Relocate BASE down.
    |  move BASE, TMP2
    |  lw TMP1, FRAME_PC(TMP2)
    |  b <1
    |.  andi TMP0, TMP1, FRAME_TYPE
    break;

  case BC_ITERC:
    |  // RA = base*8, (RB = (nresults+1)*8, RC = (nargs+1)*8 ((2+1)*8))
    |  move TMP2, BASE
    |  addu BASE, BASE, RA
    |   li AT, LJ_TFUNC
    |  lw TMP1, -24+HI(BASE)
    |   lw LFUNC:RB, -24+LO(BASE)
    |    ldc1 f2, -8(BASE)
    |    ldc1 f0, -16(BASE)
    |  sw TMP1, HI(BASE)                // Copy callable.
    |   sw LFUNC:RB, LO(BASE)
    |    sdc1 f2, 16(BASE)              // Copy control var.
    |    sdc1 f0, 8(BASE)               // Copy state.
    |   addiu BASE, BASE, 8
    |  bne TMP1, AT, ->vmeta_call
    |.  li NARGS8:RC, 16                // Iterators get 2 arguments.
    |  ins_call
    break;

  case BC_ITERN:
    |  // RA = base*8, (RB = (nresults+1)*8, RC = (nargs+1)*8 (2+1)*8)
    |.if JIT
    |  // NYI: add hotloop, record BC_ITERN.
    |.endif
    |  addu RA, BASE, RA
    |  lw TAB:RB, -16+LO(RA)
    |  lw RC, -8+LO(RA)                 // Get index from control var.
    |  lw TMP0, TAB:RB->asize
    |  lw TMP1, TAB:RB->array
    |   addiu PC, PC, 4
    |1:  // Traverse array part.
    |  sltu AT, RC, TMP0
    |  beqz AT, >5                      // Index points after array part?
    |.  sll TMP3, RC, 3
    |  addu TMP3, TMP1, TMP3
    |  lw TMP2, HI(TMP3)
    |   ldc1 f0, 0(TMP3)
    |    mtc1 RC, f2
    |     lhu RD, -4+OFS_RD(PC)
    |  beq TMP2, TISNIL, <1             // Skip holes in array part.
    |.  addiu RC, RC, 1
    |    cvt.d.w f2, f2
    |     lui TMP3, (-(BCBIAS_J*4 >> 16) & 65535)
    |   sdc1 f0, 8(RA)
    |     decode_RD4b RD
    |     addu RD, RD, TMP3
    |   sw RC, -8+LO(RA)                // Update control var.
    |     addu PC, PC, RD
    |    sdc1 f2, 0(RA)
    |3:
    |  ins_next
    |
    |5:  // Traverse hash part.
    |  lw TMP1, TAB:RB->hmask
    |  subu RC, RC, TMP0
    |   lw TMP2, TAB:RB->node
    |6:
    |  sltu AT, TMP1, RC                // End of iteration? Branch to ITERL+1.
    |  bnez AT, <3
    |.  sll TMP3, RC, 5
    |   sll RB, RC, 3
    |   subu TMP3, TMP3, RB
    |  addu NODE:TMP3, TMP3, TMP2
    |  lw RB, HI(NODE:TMP3)
    |  ldc1 f0, 0(NODE:TMP3)
    |     lhu RD, -4+OFS_RD(PC)
    |  beq RB, TISNIL, <6               // Skip holes in hash part.
    |.  addiu RC, RC, 1
    |   ldc1 f2, NODE:TMP3->key
    |     lui TMP3, (-(BCBIAS_J*4 >> 16) & 65535)
    |  sdc1 f0, 8(RA)
    |    addu RC, RC, TMP0
    |     decode_RD4b RD
    |     addu RD, RD, TMP3
    |   sdc1 f2, 0(RA)
    |     addu PC, PC, RD
    |  b <3
    |.  sw RC, -8+LO(RA)                // Update control var.
    break;

  case BC_ISNEXT:
    |  // RA = base*8, RD = target (points to ITERN)
    |  addu RA, BASE, RA
    |    srl TMP0, RD, 1
    |  lw CARG1, -24+HI(RA)
    |  lw CFUNC:CARG2, -24+LO(RA)
    |    addu TMP0, PC, TMP0
    |   lw CARG3, -16+HI(RA)
    |   lw CARG4, -8+HI(RA)
    |  li AT, LJ_TFUNC
    |  bne CARG1, AT, >5
    |.   lui TMP2, (-(BCBIAS_J*4 >> 16) & 65535)
    |  lbu CARG2, CFUNC:CARG2->ffid
    |   addiu CARG3, CARG3, -LJ_TTAB
    |   addiu CARG4, CARG4, -LJ_TNIL
    |   or CARG3, CARG3, CARG4
    |  addiu CARG2, CARG2, -FF_next_N
    |  or CARG2, CARG2, CARG3
    |  bnez CARG2, >5
    |.  lui TMP1, 0xfffe
    |  addu PC, TMP0, TMP2
    |  ori TMP1, TMP1, 0x7fff
    |  sw r0, -8+LO(RA)                 // Initialize control var.
    |  sw TMP1, -8+HI(RA)
    |1:
    |  ins_next
    |5:  // Despecialize bytecode if any of the checks fail.
    |  li TMP3, BC_JMP
    |   li TMP1, BC_ITERC
    |  sb TMP3, -4+OFS_OP(PC)
    |    addu PC, TMP0, TMP2
    |  b <1
    |.  sb TMP1, OFS_OP(PC)
    break;

  case BC_VARG:
    |  // RA = base*8, RB = (nresults+1)*8, RC = numparams*8
    |  lw TMP0, FRAME_PC(BASE)
    |  decode_RDtoRC8 RC, RD
    |   decode_RB8a RB, INS
    |  addu RC, BASE, RC
    |   decode_RB8b RB
    |   addu RA, BASE, RA
    |  addiu RC, RC, FRAME_VARG
    |   addu TMP2, RA, RB
    |  addiu TMP3, BASE, -8             // TMP3 = vtop
    |  subu RC, RC, TMP0                // RC = vbase
    |  // Note: RC may now be even _above_ BASE if nargs was < numparams.
    |  beqz RB, >5                      // Copy all varargs?
    |.  subu TMP1, TMP3, RC
    |  addiu TMP2, TMP2, -16
    |1:  // Copy vararg slots to destination slots.
    |  lw CARG1, HI(RC)
    |  sltu AT, RC, TMP3
    |   lw CARG2, LO(RC)
    |    addiu RC, RC, 8
    |  movz CARG1, TISNIL, AT
    |  sw CARG1, HI(RA)
    |   sw CARG2, LO(RA)
    |  sltu AT, RA, TMP2
    |  bnez AT, <1
    |.   addiu RA, RA, 8
    |3:
    |  ins_next
    |
    |5:  // Copy all varargs.
    |  lw TMP0, L->maxstack
    |  blez TMP1, <3                    // No vararg slots?
    |.  li MULTRES, 8                   // MULTRES = (0+1)*8
    |  addu TMP2, RA, TMP1
    |  sltu AT, TMP0, TMP2
    |  bnez AT, >7
    |.  addiu MULTRES, TMP1, 8
    |6:
    |  ldc1 f0, 0(RC)
    |   addiu RC, RC, 8
    |  sdc1 f0, 0(RA)
    |  sltu AT, RC, TMP3
    |  bnez AT, <6                      // More vararg slots?
    |.  addiu RA, RA, 8
    |  b <3
    |.  nop
    |
    |7:  // Grow stack for varargs.
    |  load_got lj_state_growstack
    |   sw RA, L->top
    |  subu RA, RA, BASE
    |   sw BASE, L->base
    |  subu BASE, RC, BASE              // Need delta, because BASE may change.
    |   sw PC, SAVE_PC
    |  srl CARG2, TMP1, 3
    |  call_intern lj_state_growstack   // (lua_State *L, int n)
    |.  move CARG1, L
    |  move RC, BASE
    |  lw BASE, L->base
    |  addu RA, BASE, RA
    |  addu RC, BASE, RC
    |  b <6
    |.  addiu TMP3, BASE, -8
    break;

  /* -- Returns ----------------------------------------------------------- */

  case BC_RETM:
    |  // RA = results*8, RD = extra_nresults*8
    |  addu RD, RD, MULTRES             // MULTRES >= 8, so RD >= 8.
    |  // Fall through. Assumes BC_RET follows.
    break;

  case BC_RET:
    |  // RA = results*8, RD = (nresults+1)*8
    |  lw PC, FRAME_PC(BASE)
    |   addu RA, BASE, RA
    |    move MULTRES, RD
    |1:
    |  andi TMP0, PC, FRAME_TYPE
    |  bnez TMP0, ->BC_RETV_Z
    |.  xori TMP1, PC, FRAME_VARG
    |
    |->BC_RET_Z:
    |  // BASE = base, RA = resultptr, RD = (nresults+1)*8, PC = return
    |   lw INS, -4(PC)
    |    addiu TMP2, BASE, -8
    |    addiu RC, RD, -8
    |  decode_RA8a TMP0, INS
    |   decode_RB8a RB, INS
    |  decode_RA8b TMP0
    |   decode_RB8b RB
    |   addu TMP3, TMP2, RB
    |  beqz RC, >3
    |.  subu BASE, TMP2, TMP0
    |2:
    |   ldc1 f0, 0(RA)
    |    addiu RA, RA, 8
    |  addiu RC, RC, -8
    |   sdc1 f0, 0(TMP2)
    |  bnez RC, <2
    |.   addiu TMP2, TMP2, 8
    |3:
    |  addiu TMP3, TMP3, -8
    |5:
    |  sltu AT, TMP2, TMP3
    |  bnez AT, >6
    |.  lw LFUNC:TMP1, FRAME_FUNC(BASE)
    |  ins_next1
    |  lw TMP1, LFUNC:TMP1->pc
    |  lw KBASE, PC2PROTO(k)(TMP1)
    |  ins_next2
    |
    |6:  // Fill up results with nil.
    |  sw TISNIL, HI(TMP2)
    |  b <5
    |.  addiu TMP2, TMP2, 8
    |
    |->BC_RETV_Z:  // Non-standard return case.
    |  andi TMP2, TMP1, FRAME_TYPEP
    |  bnez TMP2, ->vm_return
    |.  nop
    |  // Return from vararg function: relocate BASE down.
    |  subu BASE, BASE, TMP1
    |  b <1
    |.  lw PC, FRAME_PC(BASE)
    break;

  case BC_RET0: case BC_RET1:
    |  // RA = results*8, RD = (nresults+1)*8
    |  lw PC, FRAME_PC(BASE)
    |   addu RA, BASE, RA
    |    move MULTRES, RD
    |  andi TMP0, PC, FRAME_TYPE
    |  bnez TMP0, ->BC_RETV_Z
    |.  xori TMP1, PC, FRAME_VARG
    |
    |  lw INS, -4(PC)
    |   addiu TMP2, BASE, -8
    if (op == BC_RET1) {
      |  ldc1 f0, 0(RA)
    }
    |  decode_RB8a RB, INS
    |   decode_RA8a RA, INS
    |  decode_RB8b RB
    |   decode_RA8b RA
    if (op == BC_RET1) {
      |  sdc1 f0, 0(TMP2)
    }
    |   subu BASE, TMP2, RA
    |5:
    |  sltu AT, RD, RB
    |  bnez AT, >6
    |.  lw LFUNC:TMP1, FRAME_FUNC(BASE)
    |  ins_next1
    |  lw TMP1, LFUNC:TMP1->pc
    |  lw KBASE, PC2PROTO(k)(TMP1)
    |  ins_next2
    |
    |6:  // Fill up results with nil.
    |  addiu TMP2, TMP2, 8
    |  addiu RD, RD, 8
    |  b <5
    if (op == BC_RET1) {
      |.  sw TISNIL, HI(TMP2)
    } else {
      |.  sw TISNIL, -8+HI(TMP2)
    }
    break;

  /* -- Loops and branches ------------------------------------------------ */

  case BC_FORL:
    |.if JIT
    |  hotloop
    |.endif
    |  // Fall through. Assumes BC_IFORL follows.
    break;

  case BC_JFORI:
  case BC_JFORL:
#if !LJ_HASJIT
    break;
#endif
  case BC_FORI:
  case BC_IFORL:
    |  // RA = base*8, RD = target (after end of loop or start of loop)
    vk = (op == BC_IFORL || op == BC_JFORL);
    |  addu RA, BASE, RA
    if (vk) {
      |  ldc1 f0, FORL_IDX*8(RA)
      |  ldc1 f4, FORL_STEP*8(RA)
      |  ldc1 f2, FORL_STOP*8(RA)
      |   lw TMP3, FORL_STEP*8+HI(RA)
      |  add.d f0, f0, f4
      |  sdc1 f0, FORL_IDX*8(RA)
    } else {
      |  lw TMP1, FORL_IDX*8+HI(RA)
      |  lw TMP3, FORL_STEP*8+HI(RA)
      |  lw TMP2, FORL_STOP*8+HI(RA)
      |  sltiu TMP1, TMP1, LJ_TISNUM
      |  sltiu TMP0, TMP3, LJ_TISNUM
      |  sltiu TMP2, TMP2, LJ_TISNUM
      |  and TMP1, TMP1, TMP0
      |  and TMP1, TMP1, TMP2
      |   ldc1 f0, FORL_IDX*8(RA)
      |  beqz TMP1, ->vmeta_for
      |.  ldc1 f2, FORL_STOP*8(RA)
    }
    if (op != BC_JFORL) {
      |  srl RD, RD, 1
      |  lui TMP0, (-(BCBIAS_J*4 >> 16) & 65535)
    }
    |  c.le.d 0, f0, f2
    |  c.le.d 1, f2, f0
    |  sdc1 f0, FORL_EXT*8(RA)
    if (op == BC_JFORI) {
      |  li TMP1, 1
      |  li TMP2, 1
      |   addu TMP0, RD, TMP0
      |  slt TMP3, TMP3, r0
      |  movf TMP1, r0, 0
      |   addu PC, PC, TMP0
      |  movf TMP2, r0, 1
      |   lhu RD, -4+OFS_RD(PC)
      |  movn TMP1, TMP2, TMP3
      |  bnez TMP1, =>BC_JLOOP
      |.  decode_RD8b RD
    } else if (op == BC_JFORL) {
      |  li TMP1, 1
      |  li TMP2, 1
      |  slt TMP3, TMP3, r0
      |  movf TMP1, r0, 0
      |  movf TMP2, r0, 1
      |  movn TMP1, TMP2, TMP3
      |  bnez TMP1, =>BC_JLOOP
      |.  nop
    } else {
      |  addu TMP1, RD, TMP0
      |  slt TMP3, TMP3, r0
      |  move TMP2, TMP1
      if (op == BC_FORI) {
        |  movt TMP1, r0, 0
        |  movt TMP2, r0, 1
      } else {
        |  movf TMP1, r0, 0
        |  movf TMP2, r0, 1
      }
      |  movn TMP1, TMP2, TMP3
      |  addu PC, PC, TMP1
    }
    |  ins_next
    break;

  case BC_ITERL:
    |.if JIT
    |  hotloop
    |.endif
    |  // Fall through. Assumes BC_IITERL follows.
    break;

  case BC_JITERL:
#if !LJ_HASJIT
    break;
#endif
  case BC_IITERL:
    |  // RA = base*8, RD = target
    |  addu RA, BASE, RA
    |  lw TMP1, HI(RA)
    |  beq TMP1, TISNIL, >1             // Stop if iterator returned nil.
    |.  lw TMP2, LO(RA)
    if (op == BC_JITERL) {
      |  sw TMP1, -8+HI(RA)
      |  b =>BC_JLOOP
      |.  sw TMP2, -8+LO(RA)
    } else {
      |  branch_RD                      // Otherwise save control var + branch.
      |  sw TMP1, -8+HI(RA)
      |   sw TMP2, -8+LO(RA)
    }
    |1:
    |  ins_next
    break;

  case BC_LOOP:
    |  // RA = base*8, RD = target (loop extent)
    |  // Note: RA/RD is only used by trace recorder to determine scope/extent
    |  // This opcode does NOT jump, it's only purpose is to detect a hot loop.
    |.if JIT
    |  hotloop
    |.endif
    |  // Fall through. Assumes BC_ILOOP follows.
    break;

  case BC_ILOOP:
    |  // RA = base*8, RD = target (loop extent)
    |  ins_next
    break;

  case BC_JLOOP:
    |.if JIT
    |  // RA = base*8 (ignored), RD = traceno*8
    |  lw TMP1, DISPATCH_J(trace)(DISPATCH)
    |  srl RD, RD, 1
    |   li AT, 0
    |  addu TMP1, TMP1, RD
    |  // Traces on MIPS don't store the trace number, so use 0.
    |   sw AT, DISPATCH_GL(vmstate)(DISPATCH)
    |  lw TRACE:TMP2, 0(TMP1)
    |   sw BASE, DISPATCH_GL(jit_base)(DISPATCH)
    |   sw L, DISPATCH_GL(jit_L)(DISPATCH)
    |  lw TMP2, TRACE:TMP2->mcode
    |  jr TMP2
    |.  addiu JGL, DISPATCH, GG_DISP2G+32768
    |.endif
    break;

  case BC_JMP:
    |  // RA = base*8 (only used by trace recorder), RD = target
    |  branch_RD
    |  ins_next
    break;

  /* -- Function headers -------------------------------------------------- */

  case BC_FUNCF:
    |.if JIT
    |  hotcall
    |.endif
  case BC_FUNCV:  /* NYI: compiled vararg functions. */
    |  // Fall through. Assumes BC_IFUNCF/BC_IFUNCV follow.
    break;

  case BC_JFUNCF:
#if !LJ_HASJIT
    break;
#endif
  case BC_IFUNCF:
    |  // BASE = new base, RA = BASE+framesize*8, RB = LFUNC, RC = nargs*8
    |  lw TMP2, L->maxstack
    |   lbu TMP1, -4+PC2PROTO(numparams)(PC)
    |    lw KBASE, -4+PC2PROTO(k)(PC)
    |  sltu AT, TMP2, RA
    |  bnez AT, ->vm_growstack_l
    |.  sll TMP1, TMP1, 3
    if (op != BC_JFUNCF) {
      |  ins_next1
    }
    |2:
    |  sltu AT, NARGS8:RC, TMP1         // Check for missing parameters.
    |  bnez AT, >3
    |.  addu AT, BASE, NARGS8:RC
    if (op == BC_JFUNCF) {
      |  decode_RD8a RD, INS
      |  b =>BC_JLOOP
      |.  decode_RD8b RD
    } else {
      |  ins_next2
    }
    |
    |3:  // Clear missing parameters.
    |  sw TISNIL, HI(AT)
    |  b <2
    |.  addiu NARGS8:RC, NARGS8:RC, 8
    break;

  case BC_JFUNCV:
#if !LJ_HASJIT
    break;
#endif
    |  NYI  // NYI: compiled vararg functions
    break;  /* NYI: compiled vararg functions. */

  case BC_IFUNCV:
    |  // BASE = new base, RA = BASE+framesize*8, RB = LFUNC, RC = nargs*8
    |   addu TMP1, BASE, RC
    |  lw TMP2, L->maxstack
    |  addu TMP0, RA, RC
    |   sw LFUNC:RB, LO(TMP1)           // Store copy of LFUNC.
    |   addiu TMP3, RC, 8+FRAME_VARG
    |  sltu AT, TMP0, TMP2
    |    lw KBASE, -4+PC2PROTO(k)(PC)
    |  beqz AT, ->vm_growstack_l
    |.  sw TMP3, HI(TMP1)               // Store delta + FRAME_VARG.
    |  lbu TMP2, -4+PC2PROTO(numparams)(PC)
    |   move RA, BASE
    |   move RC, TMP1
    |  ins_next1
    |  beqz TMP2, >3
    |.  addiu BASE, TMP1, 8
    |1:
    |  lw TMP0, HI(RA)
    |   lw TMP3, LO(RA)
    |  sltu AT, RA, RC                  // Less args than parameters?
    |  move CARG1, TMP0
    |  movz TMP0, TISNIL, AT            // Clear missing parameters.
    |  movn CARG1, TISNIL, AT           // Clear old fixarg slot (help the GC).
    |   sw TMP3, 8+LO(TMP1)
    |    addiu TMP2, TMP2, -1
    |  sw TMP0, 8+HI(TMP1)
    |    addiu TMP1, TMP1, 8
    |  sw CARG1, HI(RA)
    |  bnez TMP2, <1
    |.   addiu RA, RA, 8
    |3:
    |  ins_next2
    break;

  case BC_FUNCC:
  case BC_FUNCCW:
    |  // BASE = new base, RA = BASE+framesize*8, RB = CFUNC, RC = nargs*8
    if (op == BC_FUNCC) {
      |  lw CFUNCADDR, CFUNC:RB->f
    } else {
      |  lw CFUNCADDR, DISPATCH_GL(wrapf)(DISPATCH)
    }
    |  addu TMP1, RA, NARGS8:RC
    |  lw TMP2, L->maxstack
    |   addu RC, BASE, NARGS8:RC
    |  sw BASE, L->base
    |  sltu AT, TMP2, TMP1
    |   sw RC, L->top
    |    li_vmstate C
    if (op == BC_FUNCCW) {
      |  lw CARG2, CFUNC:RB->f
    }
    |  bnez AT, ->vm_growstack_c        // Need to grow stack.
    |.  move CARG1, L
    |  jalr CFUNCADDR                   // (lua_State *L [, lua_CFunction f])
    |.   st_vmstate
    |  // Returns nresults.
    |  lw BASE, L->base
    |   sll RD, CRET1, 3
    |  lw TMP1, L->top
    |    li_vmstate INTERP
    |  lw PC, FRAME_PC(BASE)            // Fetch PC of caller.
    |   subu RA, TMP1, RD               // RA = L->top - nresults*8
    |  b ->vm_returnc
    |.   st_vmstate
    break;

  /* ---------------------------------------------------------------------- */

  default:
    fprintf(stderr, "Error: undefined opcode BC_%s\n", bc_names[op]);
    exit(2);
    break;
  }
}

static int build_backend(BuildCtx *ctx)
{
  int op;

  dasm_growpc(Dst, BC__MAX);

  build_subroutines(ctx);

  |.code_op
  for (op = 0; op < BC__MAX; op++)
    build_ins(ctx, (BCOp)op, op);

  return BC__MAX;
}

/* Emit pseudo frame-info for all assembler functions. */
static void emit_asm_debug(BuildCtx *ctx)
{
  int fcofs = (int)((uint8_t *)ctx->glob[GLOB_vm_ffi_call] - ctx->code);
  int i;
  switch (ctx->mode) {
  case BUILD_elfasm:
    fprintf(ctx->fp, "\t.section .debug_frame,\"\",@progbits\n");
    fprintf(ctx->fp,
        ".Lframe0:\n"
        "\t.4byte .LECIE0-.LSCIE0\n"
        ".LSCIE0:\n"
        "\t.4byte 0xffffffff\n"
        "\t.byte 0x1\n"
        "\t.string \"\"\n"
        "\t.uleb128 0x1\n"
        "\t.sleb128 -4\n"
        "\t.byte 31\n"
        "\t.byte 0xc\n\t.uleb128 29\n\t.uleb128 0\n"
        "\t.align 2\n"
        ".LECIE0:\n\n");
    fprintf(ctx->fp,
        ".LSFDE0:\n"
        "\t.4byte .LEFDE0-.LASFDE0\n"
        ".LASFDE0:\n"
        "\t.4byte .Lframe0\n"
        "\t.4byte .Lbegin\n"
        "\t.4byte %d\n"
        "\t.byte 0xe\n\t.uleb128 %d\n"
        "\t.byte 0x9f\n\t.sleb128 1\n"
        "\t.byte 0x9e\n\t.sleb128 2\n",
        fcofs, CFRAME_SIZE);
    for (i = 23; i >= 16; i--)
      fprintf(ctx->fp, "\t.byte %d\n\t.uleb128 %d\n", 0x80+i, 26-i);
    for (i = 30; i >= 20; i -= 2)
      fprintf(ctx->fp, "\t.byte %d\n\t.uleb128 %d\n", 0x80+32+i, 42-i);
    fprintf(ctx->fp,
        "\t.align 2\n"
        ".LEFDE0:\n\n");
#if LJ_HASFFI
    fprintf(ctx->fp,
        ".LSFDE1:\n"
        "\t.4byte .LEFDE1-.LASFDE1\n"
        ".LASFDE1:\n"
        "\t.4byte .Lframe0\n"
        "\t.4byte lj_vm_ffi_call\n"
        "\t.4byte %d\n"
        "\t.byte 0x9f\n\t.uleb128 1\n"
        "\t.byte 0x90\n\t.uleb128 2\n"
        "\t.byte 0xd\n\t.uleb128 0x10\n"
        "\t.align 2\n"
        ".LEFDE1:\n\n", (int)ctx->codesz - fcofs);
#endif
#if !LJ_NO_UNWIND
    fprintf(ctx->fp, "\t.section .eh_frame,\"aw\",@progbits\n");
    fprintf(ctx->fp,
        "\t.globl lj_err_unwind_dwarf\n"
        ".Lframe1:\n"
        "\t.4byte .LECIE1-.LSCIE1\n"
        ".LSCIE1:\n"
        "\t.4byte 0\n"
        "\t.byte 0x1\n"
        "\t.string \"zPR\"\n"
        "\t.uleb128 0x1\n"
        "\t.sleb128 -4\n"
        "\t.byte 31\n"
        "\t.uleb128 6\n"                        /* augmentation length */
        "\t.byte 0\n"
        "\t.4byte lj_err_unwind_dwarf\n"
        "\t.byte 0\n"
        "\t.byte 0xc\n\t.uleb128 29\n\t.uleb128 0\n"
        "\t.align 2\n"
        ".LECIE1:\n\n");
    fprintf(ctx->fp,
        ".LSFDE2:\n"
        "\t.4byte .LEFDE2-.LASFDE2\n"
        ".LASFDE2:\n"
        "\t.4byte .LASFDE2-.Lframe1\n"
        "\t.4byte .Lbegin\n"
        "\t.4byte %d\n"
        "\t.uleb128 0\n"                        /* augmentation length */
        "\t.byte 0xe\n\t.uleb128 %d\n"
        "\t.byte 0x9f\n\t.sleb128 1\n"
        "\t.byte 0x9e\n\t.sleb128 2\n",
        fcofs, CFRAME_SIZE);
    for (i = 23; i >= 16; i--)
      fprintf(ctx->fp, "\t.byte %d\n\t.uleb128 %d\n", 0x80+i, 26-i);
    for (i = 30; i >= 20; i -= 2)
      fprintf(ctx->fp, "\t.byte %d\n\t.uleb128 %d\n", 0x80+32+i, 42-i);
    fprintf(ctx->fp,
        "\t.align 2\n"
        ".LEFDE2:\n\n");
#if LJ_HASFFI
    fprintf(ctx->fp,
        ".Lframe2:\n"
        "\t.4byte .LECIE2-.LSCIE2\n"
        ".LSCIE2:\n"
        "\t.4byte 0\n"
        "\t.byte 0x1\n"
        "\t.string \"zR\"\n"
        "\t.uleb128 0x1\n"
        "\t.sleb128 -4\n"
        "\t.byte 31\n"
        "\t.uleb128 1\n"                        /* augmentation length */
        "\t.byte 0\n"
        "\t.byte 0xc\n\t.uleb128 29\n\t.uleb128 0\n"
        "\t.align 2\n"
        ".LECIE2:\n\n");
    fprintf(ctx->fp,
        ".LSFDE3:\n"
        "\t.4byte .LEFDE3-.LASFDE3\n"
        ".LASFDE3:\n"
        "\t.4byte .LASFDE3-.Lframe2\n"
        "\t.4byte lj_vm_ffi_call\n"
        "\t.4byte %d\n"
        "\t.uleb128 0\n"                        /* augmentation length */
        "\t.byte 0x9f\n\t.uleb128 1\n"
        "\t.byte 0x90\n\t.uleb128 2\n"
        "\t.byte 0xd\n\t.uleb128 0x10\n"
        "\t.align 2\n"
        ".LEFDE3:\n\n", (int)ctx->codesz - fcofs);
#endif
#endif
    break;
  default:
    break;
  }
}


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