root/lua.h

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   1 /*
   2 ** $Id: lua.h,v 1.218.1.5 2008/08/06 13:30:12 roberto Exp $
   3 ** Lua - An Extensible Extension Language
   4 ** Lua.org, PUC-Rio, Brazil (http://www.lua.org)
   5 ** See Copyright Notice at the end of this file
   6 */
   7 
   8 
   9 #ifndef lua_h
  10 #define lua_h
  11 
  12 #include <stdarg.h>
  13 #include <stddef.h>
  14 
  15 
  16 #include "luaconf.h"
  17 
  18 
  19 #define LUA_VERSION     "Lua 5.1"
  20 #define LUA_RELEASE     "Lua 5.1.4"
  21 #define LUA_VERSION_NUM 501
  22 #define LUA_COPYRIGHT   "Copyright (C) 1994-2008 Lua.org, PUC-Rio"
  23 #define LUA_AUTHORS     "R. Ierusalimschy, L. H. de Figueiredo & W. Celes"
  24 
  25 
  26 /* mark for precompiled code (`<esc>Lua') */
  27 #define LUA_SIGNATURE   "\033Lua"
  28 
  29 /* option for multiple returns in `lua_pcall' and `lua_call' */
  30 #define LUA_MULTRET     (-1)
  31 
  32 
  33 /*
  34 ** pseudo-indices
  35 */
  36 #define LUA_REGISTRYINDEX       (-10000)
  37 #define LUA_ENVIRONINDEX        (-10001)
  38 #define LUA_GLOBALSINDEX        (-10002)
  39 #define lua_upvalueindex(i)     (LUA_GLOBALSINDEX-(i))
  40 
  41 
  42 /* thread status; 0 is OK */
  43 #define LUA_YIELD       1
  44 #define LUA_ERRRUN      2
  45 #define LUA_ERRSYNTAX   3
  46 #define LUA_ERRMEM      4
  47 #define LUA_ERRERR      5
  48 
  49 
  50 typedef struct lua_State lua_State;
  51 
  52 typedef int (*lua_CFunction) (lua_State *L);
  53 
  54 
  55 /*
  56 ** functions that read/write blocks when loading/dumping Lua chunks
  57 */
  58 typedef const char * (*lua_Reader) (lua_State *L, void *ud, size_t *sz);
  59 
  60 typedef int (*lua_Writer) (lua_State *L, const void* p, size_t sz, void* ud);
  61 
  62 
  63 /*
  64 ** prototype for memory-allocation functions
  65 */
  66 typedef void * (*lua_Alloc) (void *ud, void *ptr, size_t osize, size_t nsize);
  67 
  68 
  69 /*
  70 ** basic types
  71 */
  72 #define LUA_TNONE               (-1)
  73 
  74 #define LUA_TNIL                0
  75 #define LUA_TBOOLEAN            1
  76 #define LUA_TLIGHTUSERDATA      2
  77 #define LUA_TNUMBER             3
  78 #define LUA_TSTRING             4
  79 #define LUA_TTABLE              5
  80 #define LUA_TFUNCTION           6
  81 #define LUA_TUSERDATA           7
  82 #define LUA_TTHREAD             8
  83 
  84 
  85 
  86 /* minimum Lua stack available to a C function */
  87 #define LUA_MINSTACK    20
  88 
  89 
  90 /*
  91 ** generic extra include file
  92 */
  93 #if defined(LUA_USER_H)
  94 #include LUA_USER_H
  95 #endif
  96 
  97 
  98 /* type of numbers in Lua */
  99 typedef LUA_NUMBER lua_Number;
 100 
 101 
 102 /* type for integer functions */
 103 typedef LUA_INTEGER lua_Integer;
 104 
 105 
 106 
 107 /*
 108 ** state manipulation
 109 */
 110 LUA_API lua_State *(lua_newstate) (lua_Alloc f, void *ud);
 111 LUA_API void       (lua_close) (lua_State *L);
 112 LUA_API lua_State *(lua_newthread) (lua_State *L);
 113 
 114 LUA_API lua_CFunction (lua_atpanic) (lua_State *L, lua_CFunction panicf);
 115 
 116 
 117 /*
 118 ** basic stack manipulation
 119 */
 120 LUA_API int   (lua_gettop) (lua_State *L);
 121 LUA_API void  (lua_settop) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 122 LUA_API void  (lua_pushvalue) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 123 LUA_API void  (lua_remove) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 124 LUA_API void  (lua_insert) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 125 LUA_API void  (lua_replace) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 126 LUA_API int   (lua_checkstack) (lua_State *L, int sz);
 127 
 128 LUA_API void  (lua_xmove) (lua_State *from, lua_State *to, int n);
 129 
 130 
 131 /*
 132 ** access functions (stack -> C)
 133 */
 134 
 135 LUA_API int             (lua_isnumber) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 136 LUA_API int             (lua_isstring) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 137 LUA_API int             (lua_iscfunction) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 138 LUA_API int             (lua_isuserdata) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 139 LUA_API int             (lua_type) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 140 LUA_API const char     *(lua_typename) (lua_State *L, int tp);
 141 
 142 LUA_API int            (lua_equal) (lua_State *L, int idx1, int idx2);
 143 LUA_API int            (lua_rawequal) (lua_State *L, int idx1, int idx2);
 144 LUA_API int            (lua_lessthan) (lua_State *L, int idx1, int idx2);
 145 
 146 LUA_API lua_Number      (lua_tonumber) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 147 LUA_API lua_Integer     (lua_tointeger) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 148 LUA_API int             (lua_toboolean) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 149 LUA_API const char     *(lua_tolstring) (lua_State *L, int idx, size_t *len);
 150 LUA_API size_t          (lua_objlen) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 151 LUA_API lua_CFunction   (lua_tocfunction) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 152 LUA_API void           *(lua_touserdata) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 153 LUA_API lua_State      *(lua_tothread) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 154 LUA_API const void     *(lua_topointer) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 155 
 156 
 157 /*
 158 ** push functions (C -> stack)
 159 */
 160 LUA_API void  (lua_pushnil) (lua_State *L);
 161 LUA_API void  (lua_pushnumber) (lua_State *L, lua_Number n);
 162 LUA_API void  (lua_pushinteger) (lua_State *L, lua_Integer n);
 163 LUA_API void  (lua_pushlstring) (lua_State *L, const char *s, size_t l);
 164 LUA_API void  (lua_pushstring) (lua_State *L, const char *s);
 165 LUA_API const char *(lua_pushvfstring) (lua_State *L, const char *fmt,
 166                                                       va_list argp);
 167 LUA_API const char *(lua_pushfstring) (lua_State *L, const char *fmt, ...);
 168 LUA_API void  (lua_pushcclosure) (lua_State *L, lua_CFunction fn, int n);
 169 LUA_API void  (lua_pushboolean) (lua_State *L, int b);
 170 LUA_API void  (lua_pushlightuserdata) (lua_State *L, void *p);
 171 LUA_API int   (lua_pushthread) (lua_State *L);
 172 
 173 
 174 /*
 175 ** get functions (Lua -> stack)
 176 */
 177 LUA_API void  (lua_gettable) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 178 LUA_API void  (lua_getfield) (lua_State *L, int idx, const char *k);
 179 LUA_API void  (lua_rawget) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 180 LUA_API void  (lua_rawgeti) (lua_State *L, int idx, int n);
 181 LUA_API void  (lua_createtable) (lua_State *L, int narr, int nrec);
 182 LUA_API void *(lua_newuserdata) (lua_State *L, size_t sz);
 183 LUA_API int   (lua_getmetatable) (lua_State *L, int objindex);
 184 LUA_API void  (lua_getfenv) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 185 
 186 
 187 /*
 188 ** set functions (stack -> Lua)
 189 */
 190 LUA_API void  (lua_settable) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 191 LUA_API void  (lua_setfield) (lua_State *L, int idx, const char *k);
 192 LUA_API void  (lua_rawset) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 193 LUA_API void  (lua_rawseti) (lua_State *L, int idx, int n);
 194 LUA_API int   (lua_setmetatable) (lua_State *L, int objindex);
 195 LUA_API int   (lua_setfenv) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 196 
 197 
 198 /*
 199 ** `load' and `call' functions (load and run Lua code)
 200 */
 201 LUA_API void  (lua_call) (lua_State *L, int nargs, int nresults);
 202 LUA_API int   (lua_pcall) (lua_State *L, int nargs, int nresults, int errfunc);
 203 LUA_API int   (lua_cpcall) (lua_State *L, lua_CFunction func, void *ud);
 204 LUA_API int   (lua_load) (lua_State *L, lua_Reader reader, void *dt,
 205                                         const char *chunkname);
 206 
 207 LUA_API int (lua_dump) (lua_State *L, lua_Writer writer, void *data);
 208 
 209 
 210 /*
 211 ** coroutine functions
 212 */
 213 LUA_API int  (lua_yield) (lua_State *L, int nresults);
 214 LUA_API int  (lua_resume) (lua_State *L, int narg);
 215 LUA_API int  (lua_status) (lua_State *L);
 216 
 217 /*
 218 ** garbage-collection function and options
 219 */
 220 
 221 #define LUA_GCSTOP              0
 222 #define LUA_GCRESTART           1
 223 #define LUA_GCCOLLECT           2
 224 #define LUA_GCCOUNT             3
 225 #define LUA_GCCOUNTB            4
 226 #define LUA_GCSTEP              5
 227 #define LUA_GCSETPAUSE          6
 228 #define LUA_GCSETSTEPMUL        7
 229 
 230 LUA_API int (lua_gc) (lua_State *L, int what, int data);
 231 
 232 
 233 /*
 234 ** miscellaneous functions
 235 */
 236 
 237 LUA_API int   (lua_error) (lua_State *L);
 238 
 239 LUA_API int   (lua_next) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 240 
 241 LUA_API void  (lua_concat) (lua_State *L, int n);
 242 
 243 LUA_API lua_Alloc (lua_getallocf) (lua_State *L, void **ud);
 244 LUA_API void lua_setallocf (lua_State *L, lua_Alloc f, void *ud);
 245 
 246 
 247 
 248 /*
 249 ** ===============================================================
 250 ** some useful macros
 251 ** ===============================================================
 252 */
 253 
 254 #define lua_pop(L,n)            lua_settop(L, -(n)-1)
 255 
 256 #define lua_newtable(L)         lua_createtable(L, 0, 0)
 257 
 258 #define lua_register(L,n,f) (lua_pushcfunction(L, (f)), lua_setglobal(L, (n)))
 259 
 260 #define lua_pushcfunction(L,f)  lua_pushcclosure(L, (f), 0)
 261 
 262 #define lua_strlen(L,i)         lua_objlen(L, (i))
 263 
 264 #define lua_isfunction(L,n)     (lua_type(L, (n)) == LUA_TFUNCTION)
 265 #define lua_istable(L,n)        (lua_type(L, (n)) == LUA_TTABLE)
 266 #define lua_islightuserdata(L,n)        (lua_type(L, (n)) == LUA_TLIGHTUSERDATA)
 267 #define lua_isnil(L,n)          (lua_type(L, (n)) == LUA_TNIL)
 268 #define lua_isboolean(L,n)      (lua_type(L, (n)) == LUA_TBOOLEAN)
 269 #define lua_isthread(L,n)       (lua_type(L, (n)) == LUA_TTHREAD)
 270 #define lua_isnone(L,n)         (lua_type(L, (n)) == LUA_TNONE)
 271 #define lua_isnoneornil(L, n)   (lua_type(L, (n)) <= 0)
 272 
 273 #define lua_pushliteral(L, s)   \
 274         lua_pushlstring(L, "" s, (sizeof(s)/sizeof(char))-1)
 275 
 276 #define lua_setglobal(L,s)      lua_setfield(L, LUA_GLOBALSINDEX, (s))
 277 #define lua_getglobal(L,s)      lua_getfield(L, LUA_GLOBALSINDEX, (s))
 278 
 279 #define lua_tostring(L,i)       lua_tolstring(L, (i), NULL)
 280 
 281 
 282 
 283 /*
 284 ** compatibility macros and functions
 285 */
 286 
 287 #define lua_open()      luaL_newstate()
 288 
 289 #define lua_getregistry(L)      lua_pushvalue(L, LUA_REGISTRYINDEX)
 290 
 291 #define lua_getgccount(L)       lua_gc(L, LUA_GCCOUNT, 0)
 292 
 293 #define lua_Chunkreader         lua_Reader
 294 #define lua_Chunkwriter         lua_Writer
 295 
 296 
 297 /* hack */
 298 LUA_API void lua_setlevel       (lua_State *from, lua_State *to);
 299 
 300 
 301 /*
 302 ** {======================================================================
 303 ** Debug API
 304 ** =======================================================================
 305 */
 306 
 307 
 308 /*
 309 ** Event codes
 310 */
 311 #define LUA_HOOKCALL    0
 312 #define LUA_HOOKRET     1
 313 #define LUA_HOOKLINE    2
 314 #define LUA_HOOKCOUNT   3
 315 #define LUA_HOOKTAILRET 4
 316 
 317 
 318 /*
 319 ** Event masks
 320 */
 321 #define LUA_MASKCALL    (1 << LUA_HOOKCALL)
 322 #define LUA_MASKRET     (1 << LUA_HOOKRET)
 323 #define LUA_MASKLINE    (1 << LUA_HOOKLINE)
 324 #define LUA_MASKCOUNT   (1 << LUA_HOOKCOUNT)
 325 
 326 typedef struct lua_Debug lua_Debug;  /* activation record */
 327 
 328 
 329 /* Functions to be called by the debuger in specific events */
 330 typedef void (*lua_Hook) (lua_State *L, lua_Debug *ar);
 331 
 332 
 333 LUA_API int lua_getstack (lua_State *L, int level, lua_Debug *ar);
 334 LUA_API int lua_getinfo (lua_State *L, const char *what, lua_Debug *ar);
 335 LUA_API const char *lua_getlocal (lua_State *L, const lua_Debug *ar, int n);
 336 LUA_API const char *lua_setlocal (lua_State *L, const lua_Debug *ar, int n);
 337 LUA_API const char *lua_getupvalue (lua_State *L, int funcindex, int n);
 338 LUA_API const char *lua_setupvalue (lua_State *L, int funcindex, int n);
 339 LUA_API int lua_sethook (lua_State *L, lua_Hook func, int mask, int count);
 340 LUA_API lua_Hook lua_gethook (lua_State *L);
 341 LUA_API int lua_gethookmask (lua_State *L);
 342 LUA_API int lua_gethookcount (lua_State *L);
 343 
 344 /* From Lua 5.2. */
 345 LUA_API void *lua_upvalueid (lua_State *L, int idx, int n);
 346 LUA_API void lua_upvaluejoin (lua_State *L, int idx1, int n1, int idx2, int n2);
 347 LUA_API int lua_loadx (lua_State *L, lua_Reader reader, void *dt,
 348                        const char *chunkname, const char *mode);
 349 
 350 
 351 struct lua_Debug {
 352   int event;
 353   const char *name;     /* (n) */
 354   const char *namewhat; /* (n) `global', `local', `field', `method' */
 355   const char *what;     /* (S) `Lua', `C', `main', `tail' */
 356   const char *source;   /* (S) */
 357   int currentline;      /* (l) */
 358   int nups;             /* (u) number of upvalues */
 359   int linedefined;      /* (S) */
 360   int lastlinedefined;  /* (S) */
 361   char short_src[LUA_IDSIZE]; /* (S) */
 362   /* private part */
 363   int i_ci;  /* active function */
 364 };
 365 
 366 /* }====================================================================== */
 367 
 368 
 369 /******************************************************************************
 370 * Copyright (C) 1994-2008 Lua.org, PUC-Rio.  All rights reserved.
 371 *
 372 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining
 373 * a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
 374 * "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
 375 * without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
 376 * distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to
 377 * permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to
 378 * the following conditions:
 379 *
 380 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be
 381 * included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 382 *
 383 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
 384 * EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
 385 * MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.
 386 * IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY
 387 * CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT,
 388 * TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE
 389 * SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
 390 ******************************************************************************/
 391 
 392 
 393 #endif

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