root/lua.h

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   1 /*
   2 ** $Id: lua.h,v 1.218.1.5 2008/08/06 13:30:12 roberto Exp $
   3 ** Lua - An Extensible Extension Language
   4 ** Lua.org, PUC-Rio, Brazil (http://www.lua.org)
   5 ** See Copyright Notice at the end of this file
   6 */
   7 
   8 
   9 #ifndef lua_h
  10 #define lua_h
  11 
  12 #include <stdarg.h>
  13 #include <stddef.h>
  14 
  15 
  16 #include "luaconf.h"
  17 
  18 
  19 #define LUA_VERSION     "Lua 5.1"
  20 #define LUA_RELEASE     "Lua 5.1.4"
  21 #define LUA_VERSION_NUM 501
  22 #define LUA_COPYRIGHT   "Copyright (C) 1994-2008 Lua.org, PUC-Rio"
  23 #define LUA_AUTHORS     "R. Ierusalimschy, L. H. de Figueiredo & W. Celes"
  24 
  25 
  26 /* mark for precompiled code (`<esc>Lua') */
  27 #define LUA_SIGNATURE   "\033Lua"
  28 
  29 /* option for multiple returns in `lua_pcall' and `lua_call' */
  30 #define LUA_MULTRET     (-1)
  31 
  32 
  33 /*
  34 ** pseudo-indices
  35 */
  36 #define LUA_REGISTRYINDEX       (-10000)
  37 #define LUA_ENVIRONINDEX        (-10001)
  38 #define LUA_GLOBALSINDEX        (-10002)
  39 #define lua_upvalueindex(i)     (LUA_GLOBALSINDEX-(i))
  40 
  41 
  42 /* thread status */
  43 #define LUA_OK          0
  44 #define LUA_YIELD       1
  45 #define LUA_ERRRUN      2
  46 #define LUA_ERRSYNTAX   3
  47 #define LUA_ERRMEM      4
  48 #define LUA_ERRERR      5
  49 
  50 
  51 typedef struct lua_State lua_State;
  52 
  53 typedef int (*lua_CFunction) (lua_State *L);
  54 
  55 
  56 /*
  57 ** functions that read/write blocks when loading/dumping Lua chunks
  58 */
  59 typedef const char * (*lua_Reader) (lua_State *L, void *ud, size_t *sz);
  60 
  61 typedef int (*lua_Writer) (lua_State *L, const void* p, size_t sz, void* ud);
  62 
  63 
  64 /*
  65 ** prototype for memory-allocation functions
  66 */
  67 typedef void * (*lua_Alloc) (void *ud, void *ptr, size_t osize, size_t nsize);
  68 
  69 
  70 /*
  71 ** basic types
  72 */
  73 #define LUA_TNONE               (-1)
  74 
  75 #define LUA_TNIL                0
  76 #define LUA_TBOOLEAN            1
  77 #define LUA_TLIGHTUSERDATA      2
  78 #define LUA_TNUMBER             3
  79 #define LUA_TSTRING             4
  80 #define LUA_TTABLE              5
  81 #define LUA_TFUNCTION           6
  82 #define LUA_TUSERDATA           7
  83 #define LUA_TTHREAD             8
  84 
  85 
  86 
  87 /* minimum Lua stack available to a C function */
  88 #define LUA_MINSTACK    20
  89 
  90 
  91 /*
  92 ** generic extra include file
  93 */
  94 #if defined(LUA_USER_H)
  95 #include LUA_USER_H
  96 #endif
  97 
  98 
  99 /* type of numbers in Lua */
 100 typedef LUA_NUMBER lua_Number;
 101 
 102 
 103 /* type for integer functions */
 104 typedef LUA_INTEGER lua_Integer;
 105 
 106 
 107 
 108 /*
 109 ** state manipulation
 110 */
 111 LUA_API lua_State *(lua_newstate) (lua_Alloc f, void *ud);
 112 LUA_API void       (lua_close) (lua_State *L);
 113 LUA_API lua_State *(lua_newthread) (lua_State *L);
 114 
 115 LUA_API lua_CFunction (lua_atpanic) (lua_State *L, lua_CFunction panicf);
 116 
 117 
 118 /*
 119 ** basic stack manipulation
 120 */
 121 LUA_API int   (lua_gettop) (lua_State *L);
 122 LUA_API void  (lua_settop) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 123 LUA_API void  (lua_pushvalue) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 124 LUA_API void  (lua_remove) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 125 LUA_API void  (lua_insert) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 126 LUA_API void  (lua_replace) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 127 LUA_API int   (lua_checkstack) (lua_State *L, int sz);
 128 
 129 LUA_API void  (lua_xmove) (lua_State *from, lua_State *to, int n);
 130 
 131 
 132 /*
 133 ** access functions (stack -> C)
 134 */
 135 
 136 LUA_API int             (lua_isnumber) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 137 LUA_API int             (lua_isstring) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 138 LUA_API int             (lua_iscfunction) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 139 LUA_API int             (lua_isuserdata) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 140 LUA_API int             (lua_type) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 141 LUA_API const char     *(lua_typename) (lua_State *L, int tp);
 142 
 143 LUA_API int            (lua_equal) (lua_State *L, int idx1, int idx2);
 144 LUA_API int            (lua_rawequal) (lua_State *L, int idx1, int idx2);
 145 LUA_API int            (lua_lessthan) (lua_State *L, int idx1, int idx2);
 146 
 147 LUA_API lua_Number      (lua_tonumber) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 148 LUA_API lua_Integer     (lua_tointeger) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 149 LUA_API int             (lua_toboolean) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 150 LUA_API const char     *(lua_tolstring) (lua_State *L, int idx, size_t *len);
 151 LUA_API size_t          (lua_objlen) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 152 LUA_API lua_CFunction   (lua_tocfunction) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 153 LUA_API void           *(lua_touserdata) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 154 LUA_API lua_State      *(lua_tothread) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 155 LUA_API const void     *(lua_topointer) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 156 
 157 
 158 /*
 159 ** push functions (C -> stack)
 160 */
 161 LUA_API void  (lua_pushnil) (lua_State *L);
 162 LUA_API void  (lua_pushnumber) (lua_State *L, lua_Number n);
 163 LUA_API void  (lua_pushinteger) (lua_State *L, lua_Integer n);
 164 LUA_API void  (lua_pushlstring) (lua_State *L, const char *s, size_t l);
 165 LUA_API void  (lua_pushstring) (lua_State *L, const char *s);
 166 LUA_API const char *(lua_pushvfstring) (lua_State *L, const char *fmt,
 167                                                       va_list argp);
 168 LUA_API const char *(lua_pushfstring) (lua_State *L, const char *fmt, ...);
 169 LUA_API void  (lua_pushcclosure) (lua_State *L, lua_CFunction fn, int n);
 170 LUA_API void  (lua_pushboolean) (lua_State *L, int b);
 171 LUA_API void  (lua_pushlightuserdata) (lua_State *L, void *p);
 172 LUA_API int   (lua_pushthread) (lua_State *L);
 173 
 174 
 175 /*
 176 ** get functions (Lua -> stack)
 177 */
 178 LUA_API void  (lua_gettable) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 179 LUA_API void  (lua_getfield) (lua_State *L, int idx, const char *k);
 180 LUA_API void  (lua_rawget) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 181 LUA_API void  (lua_rawgeti) (lua_State *L, int idx, int n);
 182 LUA_API void  (lua_createtable) (lua_State *L, int narr, int nrec);
 183 LUA_API void *(lua_newuserdata) (lua_State *L, size_t sz);
 184 LUA_API int   (lua_getmetatable) (lua_State *L, int objindex);
 185 LUA_API void  (lua_getfenv) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 186 
 187 
 188 /*
 189 ** set functions (stack -> Lua)
 190 */
 191 LUA_API void  (lua_settable) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 192 LUA_API void  (lua_setfield) (lua_State *L, int idx, const char *k);
 193 LUA_API void  (lua_rawset) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 194 LUA_API void  (lua_rawseti) (lua_State *L, int idx, int n);
 195 LUA_API int   (lua_setmetatable) (lua_State *L, int objindex);
 196 LUA_API int   (lua_setfenv) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 197 
 198 
 199 /*
 200 ** `load' and `call' functions (load and run Lua code)
 201 */
 202 LUA_API void  (lua_call) (lua_State *L, int nargs, int nresults);
 203 LUA_API int   (lua_pcall) (lua_State *L, int nargs, int nresults, int errfunc);
 204 LUA_API int   (lua_cpcall) (lua_State *L, lua_CFunction func, void *ud);
 205 LUA_API int   (lua_load) (lua_State *L, lua_Reader reader, void *dt,
 206                                         const char *chunkname);
 207 
 208 LUA_API int (lua_dump) (lua_State *L, lua_Writer writer, void *data);
 209 
 210 
 211 /*
 212 ** coroutine functions
 213 */
 214 LUA_API int  (lua_yield) (lua_State *L, int nresults);
 215 LUA_API int  (lua_resume) (lua_State *L, int narg);
 216 LUA_API int  (lua_status) (lua_State *L);
 217 
 218 /*
 219 ** garbage-collection function and options
 220 */
 221 
 222 #define LUA_GCSTOP              0
 223 #define LUA_GCRESTART           1
 224 #define LUA_GCCOLLECT           2
 225 #define LUA_GCCOUNT             3
 226 #define LUA_GCCOUNTB            4
 227 #define LUA_GCSTEP              5
 228 #define LUA_GCSETPAUSE          6
 229 #define LUA_GCSETSTEPMUL        7
 230 #define LUA_GCISRUNNING         9
 231 
 232 LUA_API int (lua_gc) (lua_State *L, int what, int data);
 233 
 234 
 235 /*
 236 ** miscellaneous functions
 237 */
 238 
 239 LUA_API int   (lua_error) (lua_State *L);
 240 
 241 LUA_API int   (lua_next) (lua_State *L, int idx);
 242 
 243 LUA_API void  (lua_concat) (lua_State *L, int n);
 244 
 245 LUA_API lua_Alloc (lua_getallocf) (lua_State *L, void **ud);
 246 LUA_API void lua_setallocf (lua_State *L, lua_Alloc f, void *ud);
 247 
 248 
 249 
 250 /*
 251 ** ===============================================================
 252 ** some useful macros
 253 ** ===============================================================
 254 */
 255 
 256 #define lua_pop(L,n)            lua_settop(L, -(n)-1)
 257 
 258 #define lua_newtable(L)         lua_createtable(L, 0, 0)
 259 
 260 #define lua_register(L,n,f) (lua_pushcfunction(L, (f)), lua_setglobal(L, (n)))
 261 
 262 #define lua_pushcfunction(L,f)  lua_pushcclosure(L, (f), 0)
 263 
 264 #define lua_strlen(L,i)         lua_objlen(L, (i))
 265 
 266 #define lua_isfunction(L,n)     (lua_type(L, (n)) == LUA_TFUNCTION)
 267 #define lua_istable(L,n)        (lua_type(L, (n)) == LUA_TTABLE)
 268 #define lua_islightuserdata(L,n)        (lua_type(L, (n)) == LUA_TLIGHTUSERDATA)
 269 #define lua_isnil(L,n)          (lua_type(L, (n)) == LUA_TNIL)
 270 #define lua_isboolean(L,n)      (lua_type(L, (n)) == LUA_TBOOLEAN)
 271 #define lua_isthread(L,n)       (lua_type(L, (n)) == LUA_TTHREAD)
 272 #define lua_isnone(L,n)         (lua_type(L, (n)) == LUA_TNONE)
 273 #define lua_isnoneornil(L, n)   (lua_type(L, (n)) <= 0)
 274 
 275 #define lua_pushliteral(L, s)   \
 276         lua_pushlstring(L, "" s, (sizeof(s)/sizeof(char))-1)
 277 
 278 #define lua_setglobal(L,s)      lua_setfield(L, LUA_GLOBALSINDEX, (s))
 279 #define lua_getglobal(L,s)      lua_getfield(L, LUA_GLOBALSINDEX, (s))
 280 
 281 #define lua_tostring(L,i)       lua_tolstring(L, (i), NULL)
 282 
 283 
 284 
 285 /*
 286 ** compatibility macros and functions
 287 */
 288 
 289 #define lua_open()      luaL_newstate()
 290 
 291 #define lua_getregistry(L)      lua_pushvalue(L, LUA_REGISTRYINDEX)
 292 
 293 #define lua_getgccount(L)       lua_gc(L, LUA_GCCOUNT, 0)
 294 
 295 #define lua_Chunkreader         lua_Reader
 296 #define lua_Chunkwriter         lua_Writer
 297 
 298 
 299 /* hack */
 300 LUA_API void lua_setlevel       (lua_State *from, lua_State *to);
 301 
 302 
 303 /*
 304 ** {======================================================================
 305 ** Debug API
 306 ** =======================================================================
 307 */
 308 
 309 
 310 /*
 311 ** Event codes
 312 */
 313 #define LUA_HOOKCALL    0
 314 #define LUA_HOOKRET     1
 315 #define LUA_HOOKLINE    2
 316 #define LUA_HOOKCOUNT   3
 317 #define LUA_HOOKTAILRET 4
 318 
 319 
 320 /*
 321 ** Event masks
 322 */
 323 #define LUA_MASKCALL    (1 << LUA_HOOKCALL)
 324 #define LUA_MASKRET     (1 << LUA_HOOKRET)
 325 #define LUA_MASKLINE    (1 << LUA_HOOKLINE)
 326 #define LUA_MASKCOUNT   (1 << LUA_HOOKCOUNT)
 327 
 328 typedef struct lua_Debug lua_Debug;  /* activation record */
 329 
 330 
 331 /* Functions to be called by the debuger in specific events */
 332 typedef void (*lua_Hook) (lua_State *L, lua_Debug *ar);
 333 
 334 
 335 LUA_API int lua_getstack (lua_State *L, int level, lua_Debug *ar);
 336 LUA_API int lua_getinfo (lua_State *L, const char *what, lua_Debug *ar);
 337 LUA_API const char *lua_getlocal (lua_State *L, const lua_Debug *ar, int n);
 338 LUA_API const char *lua_setlocal (lua_State *L, const lua_Debug *ar, int n);
 339 LUA_API const char *lua_getupvalue (lua_State *L, int funcindex, int n);
 340 LUA_API const char *lua_setupvalue (lua_State *L, int funcindex, int n);
 341 LUA_API int lua_sethook (lua_State *L, lua_Hook func, int mask, int count);
 342 LUA_API lua_Hook lua_gethook (lua_State *L);
 343 LUA_API int lua_gethookmask (lua_State *L);
 344 LUA_API int lua_gethookcount (lua_State *L);
 345 
 346 /* From Lua 5.2. */
 347 LUA_API void *lua_upvalueid (lua_State *L, int idx, int n);
 348 LUA_API void lua_upvaluejoin (lua_State *L, int idx1, int n1, int idx2, int n2);
 349 LUA_API int lua_loadx (lua_State *L, lua_Reader reader, void *dt,
 350                        const char *chunkname, const char *mode);
 351 LUA_API const lua_Number *lua_version (lua_State *L);
 352 LUA_API void lua_copy (lua_State *L, int fromidx, int toidx);
 353 LUA_API lua_Number lua_tonumberx (lua_State *L, int idx, int *isnum);
 354 LUA_API lua_Integer lua_tointegerx (lua_State *L, int idx, int *isnum);
 355 
 356 /* From Lua 5.3. */
 357 LUA_API int lua_isyieldable (lua_State *L);
 358 
 359 
 360 struct lua_Debug {
 361   int event;
 362   const char *name;     /* (n) */
 363   const char *namewhat; /* (n) `global', `local', `field', `method' */
 364   const char *what;     /* (S) `Lua', `C', `main', `tail' */
 365   const char *source;   /* (S) */
 366   int currentline;      /* (l) */
 367   int nups;             /* (u) number of upvalues */
 368   int linedefined;      /* (S) */
 369   int lastlinedefined;  /* (S) */
 370   char short_src[LUA_IDSIZE]; /* (S) */
 371   /* private part */
 372   int i_ci;  /* active function */
 373 };
 374 
 375 /* }====================================================================== */
 376 
 377 
 378 /******************************************************************************
 379 * Copyright (C) 1994-2008 Lua.org, PUC-Rio.  All rights reserved.
 380 *
 381 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining
 382 * a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
 383 * "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
 384 * without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
 385 * distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to
 386 * permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to
 387 * the following conditions:
 388 *
 389 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be
 390 * included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 391 *
 392 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
 393 * EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
 394 * MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.
 395 * IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY
 396 * CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT,
 397 * TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE
 398 * SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
 399 ******************************************************************************/
 400 
 401 
 402 #endif

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