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tuple

real tuples


local tuple = require'tuple'

Tuples are immutable lists that can be used as table keys because they have value semantics, that is, the tuple constructor returns the same identity for the exact same list of identities. If you don't need this property, vararg.pack is a more memory efficient way to store small lists of values.

tuple(e1,...) -> t get a tuple
tuple.narg(n,e1,...) -> t get a tuple with a fixed number of elements
tuple.from_array{n=,e1,...} -> t get a tuple from a (sparse) array
t([i[, j]) -> e1,... unpack elements
t[i] -> ei access elements
t.n number of elements
tostring(t) -> s string representation
pp.format(t) -> s serialization with pp
tuple.space([weak]) -> tuple create a new (weak or strong) tuple space

NOTE: Tuple elements can be anything, including nil and NaN.

Example

local tuple = require'tuple'

local T = tuple('a', 0/0, 2, nil)
local t = {}
t[T] = 'here'
assert(t[tuple('a', 0/0, 2, nil)] == 'here')
assert(t[tuple('a', 0/0, 2)] == nil)
print(T())
> a   nan   2  nil

NOTE: all the tuple elements of all the tuples created with this function are indexed internally with a global weak hash tree. This means that creating a tuple takes N hash lookups and M table creations, where N+M is the number of elements of the tuple. Lookup time depends on how dense the tree is on the search path, which depends on how many existing tuples share a first sequence of elements with the tuple being created. In particular, creating tuples out of all permutations of a certain set of values hits the worst case for hash lookup time, but creates the minimum amount of tables relative to the number of tuples.

TIP: Create tuple spaces that don't use weak tables for better gc performance. When no longer needed, release the tuple space to free all the dead tuples and associated index tables.


Last updated: 2 years ago | Edit on GitHub

Pkg type:Lua
Version: r2-7-gc459512
Last commit:
License: PD
Requires: none
Required by: luapower  obj_parser  sg 

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